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Burning urination in women

Content:

Burning urination in women Almost every woman in her life is faced with an unpleasant sensation of burning during urination. It can be caused by a variety of diseases and is sometimes accompanied by no less uncomfortable symptoms - frequent urging to the toilet, blood in the urine. Consider the causes of this problem and the main ways to eliminate it.



Causes of burning during urination

The main reasons that cause a burning sensation when urinating in women are:

  • urogenital infections;
  • inflammatory diseases of other organs;
  • eating spicy foods;
  • mechanical damage to the urethra during intercourse;
  • non-compliance with intimate hygiene rules.

If this symptom was repeated at least twice in six months, you should consult a doctor and undergo a detailed examination.

Most often, burning in the urethra in women is caused by cystitis. In some cases, in the absence of any signs of the disease, this symptom occurs due to the high content of salts in the urine. Urates and oxalates irritate the walls of the urethra and cause burning.

In addition, it may have a neurogenic nature and be associated with impaired functioning of the nervous system, in which case it may be combined with urinary incontinence.

There may be a burning sensation during urination in pregnant women. This is caused by a violation of urodynamics due to compression of the bladder and ureters by the growing uterus.

Infections that are transmitted sexually - gonorrhea , trichomoniasis, candidiasis can also be accompanied by a burning sensation during urination. But while there are other characteristic symptoms of discharge from the external genital organs, their swelling, pain or itching.

Features in women

A feature of the female urogenital sphere is the presence of a short and wide urethra. Any kind of infection gets here much faster than the male one, and after entering it reaches the bladder faster. The anatomical proximity of the rectum and the vagina causes a constant introduction of microflora into the urethra, and from there to the kidneys and bladder.

Therefore, it is cystitis that most often causes burning, cramps and other dysuric phenomena in women. In most cases, the representatives of the weaker sex, inflammatory lesions of the bladder and urethra are combined, and they are disturbed during urination with a whole set of unpleasant symptoms, including burning.

Depending on the characteristics of its manifestation, this symptom can talk about different diseases. So, if it is observed at the beginning of urination, then there is urethritis. Burning at the end of this act is characteristic of cystitis and urolithiasis.

Burning urination in women: diagnosis

To establish the causes of this dysuric symptom, it is necessary to perform a urine analysis. Depending on the indicators obtained, a diagnosis is made and treatment is prescribed.

  • The presence in the urine of a large number of leukocytes and traces of protein, indicates inflammation in the bladder and urethra;
  • The presence of a significant amount of protein indicates inflammatory kidney disease;
  • The appearance in the urine of salt crystals and especially of erythrocytes is a sign of the onset of urolithiasis;
  • The absence of deviations from normal values ​​gives rise to the suspicion of the neurogenic nature of the burning sensation.

In cases where there are doubts, an ultrasound of the kidneys is prescribed, as well as bacteriological examination of urine.

Treatment

In the presence of a sharp burning sensation, especially when accompanied by frequent urination, it is difficult to wait for the morning to go to the clinic. There are common first aid techniques in such cases that can help yourself. The first thing you need to eliminate from your diet is sharp, salty and overly acidic foods, as well as alcohol. You can take a pill no-shpy or spazmalgona. Then brew cherry branches and take this broth abundantly. It well washes away accumulations of uric acid and bacteria and quickly makes you feel better. Also plentifully you can take broth hips. Then you need to provide heat to the crotch area, but in no case should you resort to thermal procedures in the presence of blood in the urine.

But going to a doctor in the presence of such dysuric disorders cannot be avoided. Depending on the established reason, the treatment will be different.

  • With the inflammatory nature of the disease, the basis of therapy is the administration of antibiotics, in such cases, norfloxacin, cephalosporins, etc. are prescribed.
  • In case of urolithiasis, if oxalates are prevailing, plentiful alkaline drinking is recommended, with an increase in the urate content - sour.
  • If the neurological nature of the disease is confirmed, the use of herbal sedatives is recommended - phytosed, sedavit.
  • In all cases, when there is a burning sensation during urination, appropriate phytopreparations with diuretic properties should be taken, for example, “Urolesan” drops.

Prevention

To avoid diseases that accompany the burning sensation in the urethra, you need to consider a few simple tips.

  • Follow the rules of personal intimate hygiene. In order not to introduce an infection into the urethra from the rectum, after defecation it is necessary to wipe the area of ​​the anus in the direction from front to back.
  • Follow the rules of hygiene sex. Intimate relationships are a frequent source of infection of the urethra. To avoid microflora from entering the urethra, it is recommended to urinate at the end of intercourse.
  • Avoid annoying detergents. Soap containing colorants and fragrances, fragrant bath and shower products, scented toilet paper contain substances that are highly irritating to the mucous membrane.
  • Give preference to cotton underwear.
  • Do not go long in a wet bathing suit. After visiting the pool, it should be rinsed well, so that chlorine does not remain in it. Prefer a separate type of swimwear.
  • In the autumn-spring period, when many diseases are exacerbated, it is desirable to use cranberry juice as often as possible.

The most important advice for women to avoid dysuric disorders and female diseases is to never overcool the perineum, lower abdomen and legs.


| 9 February 2015 | | 10 193 | Symptom Handbook
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