Barley on the eye: how to heal quickly at home
- What is barley on the eye?
- Barley on the eye: symptoms
- How to treat barley on the eye
- Possible complications
- Preventive actions
Skin and mucous membranes cover a myriad of bacteria (permanent, facultative and transient). Most of them are absolutely harmless. However, there are also those who, feeding on and multiplying on the keratinized skin cells and remnants of the body's vital activity products, are in some cases able to acquire aggressive properties and cause the development of the inflammatory process in the region of the eyelid edge.
How to treat barley on the eye? Can you quickly cure barley at home? The answers to these and other questions will be found below.
What is barley on the eye?
Barley on the eye, termed "gordoleum" in medical terminology, is a fairly common ophthalmic disease that affects both adults and children alike. It is an acute purulent inflammation of the ciliary hair follicle or sebaceous gland of Zeiss, located in close proximity to the bulb of the eyelash.
When blocking the fatty (meibomian) gland located in the thickness of the eyelid and producing a lipid secret, which is part of the tear fluid, a meibomian cyst (halazion) is formed. It is a slowly growing benign, dense and completely painless tumor, consisting of sebum, covered with granulomatous tissue. If this formation reaches a large size and begins to squeeze the cornea of the eye, it is possible to develop an astigmatic visual impairment.
When penetrating into the meibomian gland of staphylococcal infection, internal barley develops. Unlike the outer gordoleum, its contents go not outward, but inside the conjunctiva. Often this condition requires surgical intervention.
More often the development of the pathological process provokes staphylococcal, streptococcal or fungal infection, less often - demodex mite. Risk factors include:
- decreased immunity;
- lack of vitamins (A, B. C);
- helminthic invasions;
- diseases of the digestive tract;
- metabolic disease;
- endocrine pathologies;
- violation of basic rules of personal hygiene;
- adverse environmental factors;
- use of substandard cosmetics.
Barley on the eye: symptoms
The disease begins with the formation of a tiny, the size of millet grain, a painful swelling. As the pathological process develops, it begins to grow, blush, itch and become inflamed. In this period, the patient has photophobia, there is a sense of foreign body in the eye and develops tear. Most often, the tumor has a local character, but sometimes the edema can spread to the entire eyelid.
After 4-7 days the barley "ripens" and a softening spot is formed on its apex in the form of a small round pustule, which after a while is opened. After the release of purulent contents, the edema subsides and becomes painful.
Acute meibomite (barley of the inner eyelid) in its clinical manifestations differs little from gordoleum, however in this case the abscess does not come out to the surface, but to the mucous membrane of the eyelid.
Barley in children can lead to the development of symptoms of general intoxication (headache, weakness and fever). Often there is a burning sensation in the eyes and twitching of the sick age.
In some cases, gordoleum may disappear, and then reappear. With weakened immunity, there may be multiple suppuration, which often causes the abscess of the eyelid, accompanied by a febrile condition, severe headache, increased lymph nodes and other symptoms of general intoxication of the body.
The diagnosis is made visually, during a physical examination. To determine the nature of the pathogen, a laboratory study is made of the contents of the pathological focus, and the patient is taken bacterial seeding on the flora from the pharynx and nose and microscopic examination of the eyelashes for the presence of the demodex mite. According to medical indications, an analysis of feces for eggs of helminths can be prescribed.
How to treat barley on the eye
Barley is quite an insidious disease that can provoke the development of serious complications. Therefore, with the first symptoms of inflammation it is wiser to consult an ophthalmologist. During the formation of gordoleuma not recommended to use makeup, and it is strictly forbidden to squeeze out or pierce the abscess on the eyelid.
Often, in the early stages of the pathological process, barley can be stopped. To do this, experts recommend 3-5 times a day, carefully "cauterize" the painful tubercle with a solution of brilliant greens or 70 ethyl alcohol. At the same time, at the initial stage (before the appearance of the pustule) dry heat can be applied to the site of inflammation.
Apply dry heat can only be in the initial stage. When barley has ripened to apply heat in any case it is impossible!
Accelerates the ripening of gordoleum compress from a solution of table salt (a teaspoon into a glass of warm water). This procedure should be done before bedtime.
To relieve inflammation behind the eyelid, it is recommended to lay antibacterial eye ointment (erythromycin or tetracycline).
A hydrocortisone ointment and a dexamethasone solution (for the eyes) have a good anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effect. However, before you start using this or that drug, you should make sure that the inflammatory process is actually caused by barley, not by a viral or fungal disease, and do not forget that these are hormonal drugs that have a number of contraindications and limitations.
If the pathological process is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, a specialist can recommend oral administration of antibacterial drugs.
Self-treatment with antibiotics before clarifying the nature of the pathogen in this situation is unacceptable.
At the stage of maturation of the abscess, patients are prescribed physiotherapeutic treatment (UHF).
After the spontaneous release of purulent contents, it is recommended to use eye drops (sodium sulfacil) or antibacterial ointments.
With the development of internal barley, multiple ulcers, large-sized gordoleum or halazion, surgical treatment (opening and draining the pathological cavity) is indicated.
Patients with relapsing forms of barley are treated for the underlying disease that has caused the development of the pathological condition, and also appoints drugs that increase the body's resistance, and vitamins.
- Phlegmon of the orbit.
- Inflammation of the meninges (meningitis).
- Thrombosis (blockage) of the cavernous sinus.
- Strict adherence to the rules of personal hygiene;
- Refusal to use cosmetics with expired shelf life;
- Treatment of chronic somatic pathologies;
- Full nutrition;
- Hardening of the body;
- Compliance with the rules for the selection and operation of contact lenses.