Vitrum instructions for use
- Vitrum instructions for use
- Form of formulation and composition of the preparation
- Pharmacological properties of the drug
- Indications for use
- Contraindications for use
- Dosing and Administration
- Use during pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Adverse Events
- An overdose of the drug
- Interaction with other medicinal products
- special instructions
- Analogues Vitamins Vitrum
- Leave and storage conditions
- Vitrum Vitamins price
Vitrum is a complex oral solution, which contains important for the body vitamins and microelements.
Form of formulation and composition of the preparation
The preparation Vitrum is available in the form of tablets, coated with a protective coating in a vial of 30, 60, 100 or 130 pieces in a cardboard bundle.
Each tablet contains:
- Vitamin A;
- Vitamin E;
- Vitamin B, B1, B2, B6, B12;
- Vitamin D3;
- Vitamin C;
- Vitamin K;
- Vitamin R;
- Folic acid;
And also auxiliary components: stearic acid, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, dyes, titanium dioxide.
Pharmacological properties of the drug
In one tablet of the preparation Vitrum contains the daily norm of vitamins and minerals necessary for the full-time vital activity of an adult person.
This vitamin complex increases the resistance of the human body to viruses and various infections, protects against the negative effects of environmental facts, free radicals. Vitrum tablets will be prescribed for patients with insufficiently balanced diet, frequent illnesses, against antibiotics or after surgery to restore the body as soon as possible.
Included in the preparation of vitamin A is directly involved in the processes of metabolism, supports the function of vision and favorably affects the skin condition. With a deficiency of this vitamin in the patient's body, severe dystrophic processes, visual impairment, painful cracks appear in the corners of the mouth and at the fingertips.
Vitamin E is involved in the processes of tissue respiration, carbohydrate and fat metabolism, supports the full functioning of the organs of the reproductive system of men and women. With a deficiency of vitamin E in the body, women often experience miscarriage or infertility, a lack of it in the male body causes a violation of spermatogenesis. Vitamin E is a natural powerful antioxidant and protects the cells of the human body from the negative effects of free radicals and ultraviolet.
Due to the vitamin D3 included in the preparation, the absorption of calcium by the body and the absorption of phosphorus are enhanced. With deficiency of this vitamin in patients, fragility of bones, fragility of nails and hair loss are observed. The lack of vitamin D3 in the child's body leads to the development of rickets.
Vitamin K is involved in the processes of hematopoiesis and metabolic processes in the body. Its deficiency leads to an increased tendency of the patient to bleed and severe violations of the liver.
Vitamin C, which is part of the drug, strengthens blood vessels, increases the body's protective functions, and takes an active part in oxidation-reduction processes. Deficiency of vitamin C in the body leads to violations of the synthesis of the hormone insulin by the pancreas, a decrease in immunity and the full absorption of iron.
Vitamin B1 has a beneficial effect on the work of the heart muscle, central nervous system, endocrine glands, and takes an active part in metabolic processes.
Vitamin B2 provides the synthesis of erythrocytes and hemoglobin, affects the work of the central and autonomic nervous system, normalizes bile formation, supports the full functioning of the organs of vision. Deficiency of vitamin B2 in the patient's body leads to disruption of the liver and insulin production by the pancreas.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is an indispensable component in the work of the nervous system, carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism, improves tissue regeneration processes, assists the assimilation of vitamin B12.
Vitamin B12, which is part of the drug, has a direct effect on the synthesis of erythrocytes and the assimilation of iron in the small intestine, takes an active part in the metabolic processes of the body, normalizes the nervous system and liver, activates the blood clotting abilities.
Folic acid, which is part of the Vitrum pill, stimulates the process of ripening of red blood cells and hemoglobin, takes an active part in the synthesis of amino acids and redox processes. Deficiency of folic acid in the human body leads to a violation of the absorption of iron, the development of hypoxia of organs and tissues. Lack of this substance in the body of a pregnant woman causes the formation of severe malformations of the neural tube in the fetus.
Included in the composition of the calcium, takes an active part in the formation of bone tissue, improves the contractility of the heart muscle, improves blood clotting and transmission of nerve impulses. Calcium deficiency in the human body leads to the destruction of tooth enamel and the development of osteoporosis, a disease accompanied by increased brittleness of bones.
Phosphorus is the main constituent of nucleic acids and tooth enamel. The lack of this microelement in the human body leads to a deterioration in the absorption of calcium, disruption of the heart, the destruction of teeth and brittle bones.
Magnesium, which is a part of Vitrum tablets, ensures the full functioning of the nervous system, reduces the amount of acetylcholine, normalizes metabolic processes and the transmission of nerve impulses. The lack of magnesium in the body leads to convulsions of the calf muscles, increased irritability, nervousness, insomnia.
The Vitrum chlorine, which is part of the Vitrum preparation, maintains the constancy of the internal environment and the water-salt balance in the body.
Iron is an important component of hemoglobin, which takes an active part in the processes of hematopoiesis and ensures the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to organs, tissues and cells.
Copper is involved in oxidation-reduction processes, protects cells from the negative effects of free radicals.
Zinc takes an active part in metabolic processes, the synthesis of RNA and DNA, the production of insulin. In addition, zinc provides a full work of the thymus gland and the formation of T-lymphocytes.
Iodine is the basis of thyroid hormones. Normalizes brain and mental activity, improves the work of the heart and blood vessels. Deficiency of iodine in the body leads to the development of severe thyroid diseases.
Indications for use
Vitrum Vitamins are prescribed to patients for the treatment and prevention of the following conditions:
- Frequent viral or infectious diseases;
- Weak immunity;
- The period of increased need for vitamins and trace elements - against the background of the transferred chemotherapy, surgeries, with increased physical and neuropsychic loads;
- Unbalanced and malnutrition;
- Apathy and weakness, fatigue and loss of vitality;
- Disturbance of the digestive function, as a result of which the absorption of vitamins and trace elements with food deteriorates;
- Against the background of treatment with antibiotics or other medications.
Contraindications for use
The drug Vitrum can not be taken in patients with the following conditions:
- Individual intolerance included in the composition of the drug components;
- Gallstone and nephrolithiasis;
- Hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria;
- Chronic liver and kidney disease, accompanied by a violation of their function;
- Active form of tuberculosis;
- Stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer in the phase of exacerbation;
- Lactase insufficiency;
- Thrombophlebitis ;
- Children up to 12 years;
- Violation of metabolic processes in the body;
- Severe lesions of the small intestine mucosa;
- Gout ;
- Heart failure in the stage of decompensation.
Dosing and Administration
According to the instructions, Vitrum is prescribed for adults and children over 12 years of age 1 tablet once a day. The drug is recommended to swallow immediately while eating, without chewing, squeezed with enough liquid.
The duration of the course of therapy is at least 1 month, after which the doctor decides whether to stop or prolong treatment, depending on the severity of hypovitaminosis and individual characteristics of the body.
Use during pregnancy and breastfeeding
Vitrum tablets can be given to pregnant women and nursing mothers only under the supervision of a doctor. It is necessary to strictly observe the dosage specified in the instructions and at the same time not to use the preparations of iron, calcium and other multivitamins in order to avoid overdose and the development of serious side effects.
As a rule, the Vitrum preparation is well tolerated by patients and only in certain cases it is possible to develop side effects:
- Allergic skin reactions, hives ;
- Stomach ache;
- Violations of the stool.
An overdose of the drug
With an increase in the recommended dose or simultaneous use of similar vitamin complexes, the symptoms of drug overdose develop rapidly in patients, which manifest themselves as follows:
- Dizziness, headaches;
- Increased nervous excitability;
- Pain in the kidney;
- A change in the clinical picture of the blood - hyperkalemia, hypercalcemia, an increase in hepatic transmissions, hyperglycemia;
- Thyroid dysfunction;
- Dry skin;
- Gastritis ;
- Hair loss;
- Tremor of extremities.
When such symptoms appear, the drug should be discontinued immediately and consult a doctor. Treatment of an overdose consists in washing the patient's stomach and performing symptomatic therapy.
Interaction with other medicinal products
With the simultaneous use of vitamin complex Vitrum with other multivitamin preparations, the patient has a dramatic increase in the risk of serious side effects and overdose symptoms.
The use of Vitrum tablets simultaneously with sulfonamides and tetracyclines can lead to a deterioration in the absorption of iron and calcium by the walls of the small intestine. Vitamin C, which is part of the drug, on the contrary, increases the therapeutic activity of antibiotics.
Simultaneous use of Vitrum with antacid or enveloping agents can lead to a decrease in the therapeutic effect of the multivitamin complex due to impaired absorption.
During the treatment with Vitrum, the urine of the patient can be painted in a bright orange color, which is the norm and does not require the abolition of therapy.
Patients with violations of the liver, kidneys, thyroid gland, as well as patients with diabetes mellitus treatment of this vitamin complex is not performed or appointed with extreme caution under the supervision of a doctor.
Analogues Vitamins Vitrum
In pharmacies you can find drugs that are similar in composition and therapeutic effect with the Vitrum tablets. These include:
Leave and storage conditions
Vitrum is dispensed in pharmacies without a prescription. The complex should be kept away from children at a temperature of no more than 30 degrees in the original packaging. The shelf life of vitamins is 3 years from the date of production.
Vitrum Vitamins price
The average cost of Vitrum in pharmacies in Moscow is from 175 to 1000 rubles, depending on the number of tablets in the package.