Vitrum Prenatal: instructions for use
- Vitrum Prenatal: instructions for use
- Release form and composition of the drug
- Pharmacological properties of the drug
- Indications for use
- Dosage and administration
- Side effects
- Drug overdose
- Interaction with other drugs
- special instructions
- Analogs Vitrum Prenatal
- Conditions of release and storage of the drug
- Vitrum Prenatal price
Vitrum Prenatal is a complex multivitamin remedy, which is prescribed to women from the period of waiting for the child and during breastfeeding. 1 tablet of the drug contains the daily rate of vital macro and micronutrients.
Release form and composition of the drug
Vitrum Prenatal is produced in the form of oblong tablets of a grayish or beige color with “Prenatal” engraved in Latin letters on one side. The drug is available in plastic bottles with a screw cap of 30, 60, 100 and 120 pieces in a carton box.
Each tablet of the drug contains in its composition the active active ingredients:
- Vitamin A;
- Vitamin E;
- Vitamin D3;
- Vitamin C;
- Vitamins of group B: B1, B2, B5, B6, B12;
- Vitamin PP;
- Vitamin H;
- Folic acid;
- Potassium iodide;
- Sodium molybdate.
In addition, the composition of each tablet includes auxiliary components: microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, silica, dyes.
Pharmacological properties of the drug
Vitrum Prenatal tablets are designed for pregnant and lactating women. The vitamins and microelements contained in each pill provide the woman’s body with the daily requirement of all necessary substances. The active components of the drug ensure the full development of the fetus in the womb, and also support the work of all internal organs and systems of the expectant mother during pregnancy.
Vitamins and trace elements that make up each pill normalize protein, fat and carbohydrate exchanges in the mother's body, provide nutrition to the fetus through the vessels of the placenta, increase the immune system of women, take an active part in blood formation, hormone and amino acid production. Future mothers who took this vitamin complex, noted that the condition of the skin, hair and nails was improving, irritability, lethargy and apathy disappeared in the morning, increased vitality and strength of the body.
Vitrum Prenatal folic acid, which is a part of each tablet, ensures the full development of the embryonic neural tube during the first weeks of gestation and is involved in the synthesis of vital amino acids. In addition, with folic acid deficiency, expectant mothers often experience a threat of miscarriage and iron deficiency anemia, because without this component, iron cannot be fully absorbed in the body.
Indications for use
Vitrum Prenatal is prescribed to women in the following conditions:
- Pregnancy planning;
- Prevention of the destruction of tooth enamel during pregnancy on the background of increased demand for minerals and vitamins;
- Pregnancy (throughout the duration);
- Breastfeeding period.
Vitrum Prenatal is also advisable to take women who have already finished breastfeeding the baby and want to restore the body's resources after pregnancy and lactation.
This vitamin complex is not recommended for use in the following conditions:
- Individual intolerance to the components of the tablet;
- Disorders in the liver or kidneys;
- Heart failure;
- Increased calcium and potassium in the blood and urine;
- Urolithiasis disease.
Dosage and administration
Vitrum Prenatal tablets according to the instructions prescribed to women 1 time per day for 1 piece. The drug is not recommended to chew or chop, it is better to immediately swallow, drinking a necessary amount of liquid. The pill is drunk in the morning before breakfast or during meals.
When planning a pregnancy, the drug begins to drink 2-3 months before the intended conception, after which the pills continue to drink the entire period of carrying the baby before birth.
During breastfeeding tablets Vitrum Prenatal a woman should drink in the same daily dosage until the moment of introduction of the first complementary feeding to the child. Further, drug therapy is carried out at the request and indication of the doctor. It is not recommended to exceed the specified dose in order to avoid the development of severe side effects!
After the end of breastfeeding, women can drink a prophylactic course of Vitrum Prenatal to restore the body’s resources after pregnancy and lactation. The course of therapy in this case is 1-2 months.
This vitamin complex is well tolerated by patients subject to strict adherence to the daily dosage and doctor's recommendations. In some cases, on the background of drug therapy in women, the following side effects may develop:
- Nausea and feeling of heaviness after taking the pill;
- Emetic urges;
- Allergic skin reactions - rash, redness of the skin, urticaria .
With an independent excess of the recommended dose in patients rapidly develop overdose phenomena, which are expressed in the following:
- Nausea, vomiting;
- Stomach pains;
- Upset stool;
- Weakness and lethargy;
- Increased nervous excitement;
- Impaired visual function;
- Pain in the kidneys;
- Changes in the clinical picture of blood - hypercalcemia, hyperkalemia;
- Disorders in the liver.
With the development of such symptoms, treatment with the drug should be stopped and consult a doctor. Treatment of an overdose with a vitamin complex consists in washing the patient's stomach, taking sorbents internally and performing symptomatic therapy if necessary. There is no specific antidote, hemodialysis in this case is not effective.
Interaction with other drugs
The simultaneous use of Vitrum Prenatal with other multivitamin complexes, as well as with calcium and iron preparations is not allowed, since in this case the risk of side effects and overdose increases sharply.
Patients with diabetes and disorders of the thyroid gland should be prescribed this drug with special care under the supervision of a physician.
With the simultaneous use of antacid agents, the absorption of iron in the small intestine decreases, which should be considered when prescribing a vitamin complex.
While taking Vitrum Prenatal tablets with diuretics, the risk of developing hypercalciuria increases dramatically.
During the period of treatment with Vitrum Prenatal tablets, the urine of patients may be painted in bright yellow or orange color, which is not a deviation and does not require the cancellation of therapy.
The active components of the drug do not have a depressing effect on the work of the central nervous system and do not affect the speed of psychomotor reactions.
Analogs Vitrum Prenatal
The following drugs are similar in composition and therapeutic effect with Vitrum Prenatal:
Conditions of release and storage of the drug
Tablets are available in pharmacies without a prescription. The shelf life of the drug is 5 years from the date of manufacture indicated on the package. To store in the place protected from children at a temperature not higher than 25 degrees.
Do not use at the expiration date!
Vitrum Prenatal price
The average cost of the drug Vitrum Prenatal in pharmacies in Moscow is 350-600 rubles, depending on the number of tablets per pack.