Vitrum Prenatal: instructions for use
- Vitrum Prenatal: instructions for use
- Form of formulation and composition of the preparation
- Pharmacological properties of the preparation
- Indications for use
- Contraindications for use
- Method of administration and dosage
- Side effects
- An overdose of the drug
- Interaction with other medicinal products
- special instructions
- Analogues Vitrum Prenatal
- Conditions of dispensing and storage of the drug
- Vitrum Prenatal price
The drug Vitrum Prenatal is a complex multivitamin agent that is prescribed to women with a period of expectation of the child and during breastfeeding. 1 tablet of the drug contains a daily rate of vital macro and microelements.
Form of formulation and composition of the preparation
The preparation Vitrum Prenatal is available in the form of tablets of oblong gray or beige color with engraving "Prenatal" in Latin letters on one side. The preparation is available in polyethylene bottles with a twist cap of 30, 60, 100 and 120 pieces in a cardboard bundle.
Each tablet contains active active ingredients:
- Vitamin A;
- Vitamin E;
- Vitamin D3;
- Vitamin C;
- Vitamins of group B: B1, B2, B5, B6, B12;
- Vitamin PP;
- Vitamin H;
- Folic acid;
- Potassium iodide;
- Sodium molybdate.
In addition, each tablet contains auxiliary components: microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, silicon dioxide, colorants.
Pharmacological properties of the preparation
Vitrum Prenatal tablets are intended for pregnant and lactating women. The vitamins and microelements included in each tablet provide the body with a daily intake of all the necessary substances. Active ingredients in the preparation ensure the full development of the fetus in the womb, and also support the work of all internal organs and systems of the future mother during pregnancy.
Vitamins and trace elements that make up each tablet normalize protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism in the mother's body, provide fetal nutrition through the vessels of the placenta, increase the immunity of women, take an active part in the processes of hematopoiesis, hormones and amino acids. Future moms who took this vitamin complex noted that the condition of the skin, hair and nails improved, irritability, lethargy and apathy disappeared in the mornings, the vitality and strength of the body increased.
The folic acid contained in each Vitrum Prenatal tablet provides the full development of the neural tube of the embryo during the first weeks of gestation and is involved in the synthesis of vital amino acids. In addition, with folic acid deficiency in expectant mothers, there is often a threat of miscarriage and iron deficiency anemia, since without this component, iron can not be fully absorbed in the body.
Indications for use
Vitrum Prenatal is administered to women under the following conditions:
- Pregnancy planning;
- Prevention of destruction of tooth enamel during pregnancy against a background of increased need for minerals and vitamins;
- Pregnancy (throughout the term);
- Breastfeeding period.
Vitrum Prenatal is also advisable for women who have already completed breastfeeding of the baby and want to restore the body's resources after pregnancy and lactation.
Contraindications for use
This vitamin complex is not recommended for use in the following conditions:
- Individual intolerance of the constituent components of the tablet;
- Disturbances in the liver or kidneys;
- Heart failure;
- Elevated levels of calcium and potassium in the blood and urine;
- Urolithiasis disease.
Method of administration and dosage
Tablets Vitrum Prenatal according to the instructions are prescribed to women once a day for 1 piece. The drug is not recommended to chew or grind, it is better to immediately swallow, squeezed the necessary amount of liquid. The tablet is drunk in the morning before breakfast or during meals.
When planning pregnancy, the drug begins to drink 2-3 months before the expected conception, after which the tablets continue to drink the entire period of gestation of the baby before delivery.
During the breastfeeding of the Vitrum Prenatal tablet, a woman should drink in the same daily dosage until the child is given the first complementary meal. Further, the drug therapy is carried out at will and the doctor's indications. It is not recommended to exceed this dose in order to avoid the development of serious side effects!
After the end of breastfeeding, women can drink a preventive course Vitrum Prenatal to restore the body's resources after pregnancy and lactation. The course of therapy in this case is 1-2 months.
This vitamin complex is well tolerated by patients, provided that the daily dosage and the doctor's recommendations are strictly observed. In some cases, against the background of drug therapy in women, the following side effects may develop:
- Nausea and a feeling of heaviness after taking the pill;
- Emetic urges;
- Allergic reactions of the skin - rash, redness of the skin, urticaria .
An overdose of the drug
With an independent excess of the recommended dose, patients quickly develop drug overdose phenomena, which are expressed as follows:
- Nausea, vomiting;
- Pain in the stomach;
- Stool disorder;
- Weakness and lethargy;
- Increased nervous excitement;
- Visual impairment;
- Pain in the kidney;
- Changes in the clinical picture of blood - hypercalcemia, hyperkalemia;
- Disturbances in the liver.
When developing such symptoms, the drug should be discontinued and consult a doctor. Treatment of an overdose with a vitamin complex consists in washing the patient's stomach, internal intake of sorbents and conducting symptomatic therapy if necessary. There is no specific antidote, hemodialysis in this case is not effective.
Interaction with other medicinal products
It is not allowed simultaneous use of Vitrum Prenatal with other multivitamin complexes, as well as with calcium and iron preparations, since in this case the risk of side effects and overdose increases dramatically.
Patients with diabetes and thyroid disorders should be given this medication with special care under the supervision of a doctor.
With the simultaneous use of antacid agents, iron absorption in the small intestine is reduced, which should be taken into account when prescribing the vitamin complex.
With simultaneous intake of Vitrum Prenatal tablets with diuretics, the risk of hypercalciuria increases dramatically.
During the treatment with Vitrum Prenatal tablets, the urine of patients can be colored bright yellow or orange, which is not a deviation and does not require the abolition of therapy.
The active ingredients of the drug do not exert a depressant effect on the central nervous system and do not affect the speed of psychomotor reactions.
Analogues Vitrum Prenatal
The following preparations are similar in their composition and therapeutic effect with Vitrum Prenatal:
Conditions of dispensing and storage of the drug
Tablets are dispensed in pharmacies without a doctor's prescription. Shelf life of the drug is 5 years from the date of manufacture, indicated on the package. Keep in a place protected from children at a temperature not exceeding 25 degrees.
Do not use at the end of the expiration date!
Vitrum Prenatal price
The average cost of the drug Vitrum Prenatal in pharmacies in Moscow is 350-600 rubles, depending on the number of tablets in the package.