Vitabact eye drops instructions for use
- Vitabact eye drops instructions for use
- Form of preparation and composition
- Pharmacological properties of the drug
- Indications for use of the drug
- Contraindications to the use of the drug
- Dosing and Administration
- Use of the drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Side effects
- An overdose of the drug
- Interaction with other medicinal substances
- special instructions
- Analogues of the drug Vitabakt
- Storage and dispensing conditions
- Vitabact eye drops price
Vitabact is a drug that is prescribed to patients for the treatment and prevention of inflammatory eye diseases.
Form of preparation and composition
Vitabact is available in the form of eye drops in polyethylene bottles with a volume of 10 ml. The drug is packed in a cardboard box.
The main active substance of the drug is pyloxidine, in 1 ml of drops contains 0.5 g of active ingredient. Also, the composition of eye drops includes a number of auxiliary substances: purified water, dextrose anhydrous, polysorbate 80.
Pharmacological properties of the drug
The main active substance drops - pyloxidine refers to the compounds of the biguanide group. This drug has a powerful antiseptic property, removes signs of inflammation and fights with infectious agents. Vitabact drops are highly effective against pathogenic cocci, shigella, viruses, fungi, Escherichia coli, chlamydia.
When instilled in the eye, there is practically no absorption of the active component into the common bloodstream.
Indications for use of the drug
According to the instructions, Vitabact eye drops are prescribed to patients for treatment and prevention of the following conditions:
- Diseases of the eyes are inflammatory-infectious in nature - keratitis, blepharitis, conjunctivitis, dacryocystitis;
- Inflammatory processes of the eyes, caused by the reproduction of chlamydia;
- With a view to preventing the development of the inflammatory process after the operations before the eyes;
- For the purpose of prophylaxis one time with close contact with a person with viral conjunctivitis.
Contraindications to the use of the drug
Vitabactum drops are not prescribed to patients for the treatment of eye diseases with individual intolerance to the main active ingredient or other constituents of the drug. There are no other contraindications to the drug.
Dosing and Administration
This medication can only be used as directed by a doctor. The duration of the course of therapy and the daily dose is determined by the doctor depending on the degree of manifestation of the inflammatory or infectious process of the eyes, the presence of complications and individual characteristics of the patient's body.
According to the instructions to the drug, eye drops are instilled into the conjunctival sac by 1-2 drops from 2 to 6 times a day, depending on the indications. Before instillation of the drug should be thoroughly washed with soap and hands. If the dried eyeliner crusts have accumulated on the eyelashes of the patient, before using the drops, they should be carefully removed with a cotton swab soaked in boiled water or an antiseptic solution in the direction from the outer corner of the eye to the inner corner. For each eye, you should take a new swab.
The patient is asked to open his eyes wide and look up, meanwhile pull the inner corner of the eye a little down and dig in 1-2 drops into the conjunctival sac. During the acute phase of the inflammatory process, drops should be instilled up to 6 times a day, and as the clinical symptoms subsided, the dose is reduced to 3 times a day.
The duration of treatment of eye diseases according to the instructions is 7-10 days. If during this period the patient's condition does not improve, then you should again consult a doctor with the purpose of correcting the prescribed treatment and clarifying the diagnosis.
In prophylactic purposes after the surgical interventions performed before the eyes of a drop, Vitabakt is prescribed to the patient 1-2 drops in each conjunctival sac 2-3 times a day for 3 days. When in contact with a person who is sick with viral conjunctivitis or keratitis, for the purpose of preventing the development of the disease, the drug is instilled once in 1-2 drops into each eye.
Use of the drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding
Vitabakt Drops are allowed to be used to treat eye diseases in women during the period of gestation. Treatment is carried out strictly under the supervision of the doctor in a minimally effective therapeutic dosage. It is forbidden to use this medication without first consulting an ophthalmologist, Vitabact is prescribed to pregnant women only if the expected benefit for the mother exceeds the risk to the fetus.
The use of eye drops during lactation is possible under the supervision of a doctor.
The drug is well tolerated by patients with proper use. With individual hypersensitivity against the background of Vitabakt therapy, the following side effects may develop:
- Burning sensation in the eyes;
- Increased lacrimation;
- Sensation of foreign body in the eye;
- Reddening of the mucous membrane of the eyes.
An overdose of the drug
In medicine, there are no cases of overdose with Vitabakt, which is due to its minimal absorption into the systemic bloodstream. In order to prevent the development of the above side effects, it is not recommended to exceed the dose specified in the instructions.
Interaction with other medicinal substances
Simultaneous use of eye drops Vitabakt, together with antibiotics or antiviral drugs (depending on eye disease), there is an increase in the therapeutic effect of the first.
No other drug interactions are known to medicine.
Active active substances of the Vitabakt preparation do not adversely affect the transparency of the contact lenses, however, before starting the use of this drug, patients wearing lenses should consult an ophthalmologist.
If to the patient the ophthalmologist has appointed or nominated at once some kinds of eye drops, it is necessary to maintain an interval between instillations of preparations in 10 minutes.
After opening the vial-dropper, it should be used within a month, if this did not happen, the medicine should be discarded.
If there are any impurities or flakes on the bottom of the dropper bottle, the drug can not be used for treatment even if its expiry date has not yet expired.
When using the drug, it is important to ensure that the patient does not touch the pipette with his fingers, and after each use the bottle should be tightly closed.
The drug does not affect the speed of psychomotor reactions, so it can be used to treat drivers of vehicles.
Analogues of the drug Vitabakt
In pharmacies, you can find eye drops that are similar in their therapeutic effect to Vitabakt. These drugs include:
- Sulfacil sodium drops;
- Levomycetin drops eye;
- Ophthalmo- septex;
- Tobrex eye drops.
If you need to replace the drug Vitabact analogue should consult an ophthalmologist.
Storage and dispensing conditions
Drops of Vitabact are released in pharmacies without a doctor's prescription. The drug should be stored at a temperature of not more than 20 degrees, the opened bottle is kept in the refrigerator, which before use is allowed to warm up at room temperature.
The shelf life of a closed vial is 2.5 years from the date of manufacture. The opened vial is stored for no more than 1 month, after which the drug should be discarded. Keep away from children!
Vitabact eye drops price
The average cost of Vitabakt in the form of eye drops in pharmacies in Moscow is 320-350 rubles.