Viferon candles instructions for use
- Viferon candles instructions for use
- Release form and composition of the drug
- Pharmacological properties of the drug
- Indications for use of the drug
- Dosage and administration
- Use of the drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Side effects
- The interaction of the drug with other drugs
- special instructions
- Analogs Candle Viferon
- Conditions of release and storage of the drug
- Candles Viferon price
Candles Viferon is a powerful immunostimulant with a pronounced antiviral effect.
Release form and composition of the drug
The drug Viferon is available in the form of suppositories intended for introduction into the rectum. The suppositories are white or yellowish in color, oblong, with a pointed end on one side.
Each candle contains the active active substance - human recombinant interferon 150000 IU, 500000 IU, 1000000 IU or 3000000 IU, as well as auxiliary components: alpha-tocopherol acetate, polysorbate, cocoa butter, fat, ascorbic acid.
Candles are packed in a cardboard box in cell packs of 5 or 10 pieces.
Pharmacological properties of the drug
The main active component of suppositories is human interferon, which has a powerful immunostimulating and antiviral effect.
Interferon, if it enters the general bloodstream, promotes the activation of protective forces and the recognition of pathological pathogens by macrophage cells.
Due to the ascorbic acid in the candles, the antiviral effect of the drug increases several times.
Alpha-tocopherol acetate is a powerful antioxidant that allows you to protect the patient's body from free radicals. This substance has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and regenerating effect.
During therapy with Viferon, doctors manage to reduce therapeutic doses of antibiotics or other drugs for oral use, as well as reduce the duration of treatment. This, in turn, significantly reduces the risk of liver damage and other serious complications in patients against the background of long-term drug therapy.
Cocoa butter included in suppositories allows pharmacists to stop using synthetic emulsifiers, which can adversely affect the body, causing it to become poisoned .
Indications for use of the drug
Viferon rectal suppositories are indicated to patients for the treatment and prevention of the following conditions:
- Comprehensive treatment of infections and viral diseases in pediatric practice, including in newborns or premature babies born after 34 weeks of gestation;
- In the complex treatment of influenza, parainfluenza, pneumonia, sepsis, herpes, cytomegalovirus, chlamydia infection, meningitis, mycoplasmosis, candidiasis, enterovirus infection;
- Treatment of chronic viral hepatitis in adults and children;
- Liver cirrhosis as part of complex therapy;
- SARS or complications on the background of not promptly initiated treatment of viral infection.
- The drug is also prescribed in order to prevent the development of a viral infection by direct contact with a sick person or with a strong hypothermia of the body.
Viferon drug is not prescribed to patients with individual intolerance to the components of the suppositories, as well as pregnant women in the first trimester.
Dosage and administration
Suppositories are for rectal use. Depending on the age, body weight, indications and individual characteristics of the body, patients are prescribed a certain daily dose of the drug.
According to the instructions for the integrated treatment of intrauterine infections and other pathologies in newborns or premature babies born after 34 weeks of gestation, 1 suppository to the rectum is prescribed in a dosage of 150,000 IU 2 times a day for 5-7 days. Premature babies who were born before pregnancy 34 for the prevention and treatment of intrauterine infection and complicated pneumonia are prescribed 1 candle rectally 1 time per day with a dosage of 150,000 IU. The duration of the course of therapy is at least 5 days.
For some infections in newborns and premature babies, 2 courses of therapy are necessary with an interval of 5 days. That is, the drug is used for 5 days, followed by a 5-day break, followed by another 5 days of treatment with Viferon. Such infections include: chlamydia , cytomegalovirus , pneumonia, ARVI, complicated viral diseases, candidiasis, meningitis, herpes.
In the complex treatment of viral hepatitis B, C and D of the chronic course in children older than half a year, 1 candle is prescribed rectally 1 time per day with a dosage of 500,000 IU, children under 6 months with 1 candle 2 times a day with a dosage of 150,000 IU. The duration of the course of therapy is determined by the doctor in a strictly individual manner, depending on the indicators of blood tests.
Adult patients with chronic viral hepatitis are prescribed 1 suppository rectal 2 times per day with a dosage of 3 million IU. The duration of the course of therapy is at least 10 days, then the dose is reduced under the supervision of a physician and depending on the indicators of the blood picture.
As part of complex therapy for various urogenital infections (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, trichomoniasis, cardinellosis, mycoplasmosis, vaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis), patients are prescribed 1 suppository rectally 2 times a day with a dosage of 500,000 IU or 1 time a day with 100 doses of 100,000 IU. Duration of treatment is at least 5 days. If necessary, you can undergo a repeated course of therapy with an interval of 5 days. During the treatment of urogenital infections, sexual contact should be avoided.
In case of a herpetic infection, including genital herpes, patients are prescribed as part of the complex treatment of Viferon suppository 2 times a day with a dosage of 1,000,000 IU. It is important to understand that the sooner the treatment is started, the higher the therapeutic effect of the drug on herpes viruses will be.
In acute viral infections, including influenza and parainfluenza, patients are prescribed 1 suppository rectally 2 times a day with a dosage of 500,000 IU for 5-7 days. Children older than 1 year appoint 1 candle in the rectum with a dosage of 150,000 IU 2 times a day.
Use of the drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding
Viferon candles with any dosage of interferon are allowed for use by pregnant women not earlier than 14 weeks. Up to this point, the use of the drug is contraindicated due to the lack of reliable data on the safety of active ingredients on the development of the fetus and during pregnancy. Starting from the 14th week of pregnancy, the daily dose of the drug and the duration of the course of therapy are determined by the doctor depending on the indications and the individual characteristics of the body of the pregnant woman.
During the period of breastfeeding candles Viferon can be used for the treatment and prevention of the above conditions according to the instructions.
The drug Viferon is well tolerated by patients, but with individual hypersensitivity to the components of the suppository may develop the following side effects:
- Allergic skin reactions;
- Burning in the anus with the introduction of candles;
- Discomfort in the rectum.
These phenomena are not dangerous and do not require the abolition of drug therapy.
Data on drug overdose Viferon in medicine are not available, but in order to prevent negative reactions, it is not recommended to exceed the dose indicated by the doctor.
The interaction of the drug with other drugs
Rectal suppositories Viferon perfectly combined with almost all drugs.
The human recombinant interferon in the suppository enhances the therapeutic effect of oral antivirals, antibiotics, antimicrobial drugs, immunostimulants and adaptogens. Despite the good compatibility with other drugs, the patient should inform the doctor about their use during the appointment of Viferon.
For effective absorption of the active component of the suppository, the patient needs to monitor the regular work of the intestine. For chronic constipation before the introduction of candles in the rectum, it is advisable to make a cleansing enema.
Analogs Candle Viferon
In pharmacies, you can find a number of drugs that are similar in composition and therapeutic effect to rectal suppositories Viferon. These drugs include:
Conditions of release and storage of the drug
The drug Viferon in the form of suppositories is dispensed in pharmacies without a doctor's prescription. Store candles should be away from children at a temperature not exceeding 10 degrees (preferably in the refrigerator) in the original packaging. The shelf life of candles is 2 years from the date of manufacture. At the end of the shelf life of the drug should be discarded.
Candles Viferon price
Viferon candles 500,000 IU - 320-390 rubles.
Viferon candles 1,000,000 IU - 450-560 rubles.
Viferon candles 3000000 IU - 800-930 rubles.