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Vestikap instructions for use

The drug Vestikap refers to drugs for the treatment of vestibular disorders. It allows you to reduce the severity of dizziness and improves hearing in various pathological processes of the inner ear. The drug is used in the treatment of Meniere's disease.

Release form and composition

Vestikap is available in white and round capsules. One capsule contains several dosages of the main active ingredient betahistine (in the form of hydrochloride) - 8 mg, 16 mg and 24 mg. Also in the capsule includes a number of excipients, which include:

  • Lactose monohydrate (milk sugar)
  • Copovidone
  • Microcrystalline cellulose.
  • Potato starch.
  • Carboxymethyl starch sodium.
  • Silica colloidal anhydrous.
  • Magnesium stearate.

Vestikap capsules are packaged in a package of 30 pieces or in a combination package of 60 pieces. The carton pack contains a package with capsules and instructions for use of the drug.

pharmachologic effect

The main active ingredient of the capsules Vestikap betahistine is a synthetic analogue of histamine of the central nervous system and has an effect in the presence of vestibular disorders due to several pharmacological effects:

  • Blocks histamine H 3 -receptors and stimulates the functional activity of H 1 -receptors.
  • Strengthens the intensity and volume of blood flow in the brain and inner ear due to dosed expansion of the arterial vessels.
  • Normalizes endolymph pressure in the inner ear, the cochlea of ​​the inner ear.
  • It facilitates and accelerates the compensation of the inner ear after its increased irritation after intoxication, motion sickness or the immediate pathological process in it.
  • Reduces excessive impulses in the neurocytes (cells of the nervous system) of the inner ear.

Due to these pharmacological effects, the Westcap capsule relieves the symptoms of Meniere's disease, and reduces symptomatic dizziness in various pathological processes in the body.

After taking the capsule Vestikap inside, the active substance is rapidly absorbed into the blood from the stomach and small intestine. Betahistine penetrates well into the brain tissue and the inner ear through the blood-brain barrier. In the body, the active ingredient of the drug is metabolized to pharmacologically inactive metabolic products - 2-pyridylacetic acid and dimethylbetahistine. Metabolism is excreted mainly by the kidneys in the urine, a small part of them is excreted in the feces.

Indications for use

The use of Vestikap capsules is indicated during the complex treatment of Meniere's disease, which is accompanied by a number of symptoms of vestibular disorders:

  • Severe dizziness, which may be accompanied by nausea and occasional vomiting.
  • Decreased hearing acuity.
  • The appearance of tinnitus.

Also, the drug is used for symptomatic treatment of dizziness, vestibular disorders in other pathological conditions of the body - motion sickness in transport, "seasickness", chronic circulatory disorders in the brain during atherosclerosis of its arterial vessels or vascular dystonia.

Contraindications

There are several pathological and physiological states of the human body in which the use of the drug is contraindicated, these include:

  • Individual intolerance or hypersensitivity to betahistine or excipients of Vestikap capsules.
  • Pregnancy at any time and period of breastfeeding - the absence of the negative influence of the main active ingredient of the drug is not developing fetus and an infant is not reliably proven.
  • Children's age up to 18 years.
  • Congenital or acquired lactose intolerance associated with deficiency of the enzyme lactase digestive system.
  • A pheochromocytoma is a benign hormone that produces a tumor of the adrenal medulla, which leads to an increase in adrenaline levels in the body.

With caution, the drug is used in the case of comorbidities of the digestive system, especially in case of gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer, hepatic or renal failure.


Dosage and administration

Vestikap capsules are taken orally during meals or after it entirely, without chewing and drinking plenty of water. During the meal, the bioavailability and absorption of the active ingredient of the drug in the blood from the lumen of the stomach and intestines are improved. A single dose is 8-16 mg, which is taken 2-3 times a day at regular intervals. The course of the drug is set individually, depending on the severity of the pathology and vestibular disorders, on average, it is 1-3 months. It is believed that the timely start of the use of Westcap capsules in Meniere's disease helps prevent the development of hearing loss or deafness associated with damage to the inner ear.

Side effects

Reception of Vestikap capsules can lead to the development of side effects and negative reactions from various organs and systems:

  • Digestive system - nausea, intermittent vomiting, loose stools. Less common is abdominal pain, bloating (flatulence).
  • The central nervous system is a headache that can be intense paroxysmal in nature.
  • Allergic reactions - rashes on the skin, itching or urticaria (characteristic rash and swelling, resembling a sting) can occur more often. Rarely, angioedema of the angioedema (pronounced swelling of the skin and subcutaneous tissue in the face and external genital organs) or anaphylactic shock (progressive reduction of systemic arterial pressure and multiple organ failure) develops.

In the case of side effects, the drug is stopped, usually after that the negative reactions disappear. The development of side effects from the digestive system and the gastrointestinal tract provokes the taking of Vestikap capsules on an empty stomach.

special instructions

Before you start taking Vestikap capsules, you should carefully read the instructions. There are several specific indications regarding the use of this drug:

  • The therapeutic effect does not develop immediately, but after a period of time of at least one month from the start of taking the Vestikap capsules.
  • The drug is used with caution in the elderly, if necessary, the dosage is adjusted.
  • In the event of the presence of concomitant diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (in particular, gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer), hepatic or renal failure, periodic laboratory monitoring of the level of indicators of the functional activity of these organs is carried out.
  • Vestibo capsules do not have a direct impact on the speed of psychomotor reactions and concentration.

In pharmacies, the drug is available without a prescription. In case of any questions or doubts about taking Vestikap capsules, you should consult with your doctor.


Overdose

In case of exceeding the recommended therapeutic dose during the use of Vestikap capsules, overdose symptoms develop - nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, drowsiness. With a significant overdose, especially in combination with other drugs or alcohol, seizures and loss of consciousness develop. In case of overdose, gastric and intestinal lavage is performed and symptomatic therapy is given.

Vestikap analogues

Analogues of Vestikap capsules for the active substance and pharmacological, clinical effect are Vestibo, Betagis, Betahistin, Betanorm.

Terms and conditions of storage

Vestikap capsules have a shelf life of 3 years. The drug must be stored in a dark, dry place inaccessible to children at an air temperature not higher than + 25 ° C.

Vestikap price

The average cost of the drug in pharmacies in Moscow depends on the dosage of the drug and is:

  • 8 mg - 139-146 rubles.
  • 16 mg - 229-243 rubles.
  • 24 mg - 337-345 rubles.
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