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How to treat varicose veins in the legs


Varicose veins in the legs Throughout the history of mankind, people suffer from varicose veins on their legs. It is believed that this disease is a kind of payment for our erect position - no other mammal faces such problems. Women are more prone to illness than men. There is also an age factor, but doctors note that lately, varicose veins on the legs have become much younger - now even schoolchildren are found among patients.

What is varicose veins on the legs

Vascular nets, bulging swollen knotted veins - as the varicose veins look like, probably everyone knows. Therefore, let's talk about what happens during an illness inside the veins.

With varicose veins, the elasticity of the veins decreases, and as a result, they expand. Inside the veins are located a kind of valve that regulates blood flow to the heart from the lower extremities. If these “gates” work correctly, then problems do not arise. In the case of the appearance of disturbances in their functioning, varicose veins develop. The valves do not close, preventing blood from moving to the heart, causing it to stagnate in the veins. The pressure naturally builds up, which pushes the blood from the deep thick veins into the thinner vessels located closer to the skin. The system of these veins is not adapted to accommodate such volumes of blood, as a result of which their walls not only overly stretch, but also collapse.

The consequence of this process are clearly visible on the skin of the vascular reticulum, which in themselves represent a serious aesthetic problem. The disease progresses, thin weakened veins become more pronounced, acquire a characteristic blue color, thicken, and soon nodules appear on them.

Causes of varicose veins

There are many factors that increase at times the likelihood that a particular person will suffer from varicose veins:

  • Genetic heritage - from parents or grandmothers who are faced with varicose veins, the descendant may well “take” veins with a special structure (weakness of the connective tissue, imperfect valves, etc.); and then, without constant adherence to preventive measures, he will most likely sooner or later become a patient diagnosed with varicose veins.
  • Hormonal fluctuations - most often women are affected by it (menopause, menstruation, pregnancy, etc.), which explains the obvious sexual selectivity of the ailment; in addition, the risk of varicose veins increases and hormone therapy is scientifically proven that the female sex hormones contained in them and their substitutes significantly reduce the elasticity of the venous walls.
  • Nervous disorders, stress, depression - all this reduces the tone of the veins, because the elasticity of their walls is governed by nerve endings.
  • Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs (which, again, are more common in women) - these processes can not only lead to hormonal imbalance, but also can damage small veins.
  • Lack of physical activity in a person's life - due to the long sitting of the vein, they are squeezed, the blood circulation is disturbed, the tone of the venous walls gradually decreases, and finally the blood begins to stagnate and varicose veins occur (today even a special term has appeared for doctors - computer varicose veins, so many patients , the cause of the disease which was a sit-down job at the flickering monitor).
  • Excessive physical activity - these include weight lifting, overweight, pregnancy, work associated with long standing; as a result, the pressure in the veins increases significantly, which threatens the occurrence of varicose veins.
  • Flatfoot.
  • The habit of always and everywhere "flaunt" in the wrong high heels.
  • Constipation, increasing pressure in the abdomen.
  • Injuries and diseases.
  • Gender - as mentioned above, the risk of developing varicose veins in women is higher.
  • The structure of the body - as a rule, people who are taller than average suffer from varicose veins more often.

Symptoms of varicose veins

Symptoms of varicose veins are characterized by gradual progression. Obvious signs are not immediately detected, in the first stage the disease manifests itself through:

  • leg edema, especially after being in a sitting or standing position for a long time, which, as a rule, independently go by morning - the first sign that deep veins do not perform well;
  • cramps and numbness of the legs, especially often this symptom manifests itself at night and in the morning;
  • sensations of heaviness, burning, itching and pain in the legs, especially characteristic of the second half of the day;
  • The first visible signs are characteristic red-blue spider veins and asterisks perfectly visible on the skin.

When the first alarms appear, do not delay the visit to the doctor. As you know, any ailment is the most treatable in the initial stages. If the symptoms were ignored and the patient did not consider them sufficient grounds for seeking qualified help, further signs such as:

  • compaction and darkening of the skin of the leg: while it appears stains and peeling;
  • veins become painful at palpation;
  • severe muscle pain, the intensity of which increases during walking;
  • appearance of venous nodes protruding above the skin of the legs and feet.

If proper treatment is not prescribed at this stage, the patient will inevitably face serious complications, which will be discussed later.

When should I see a doctor?

There are signs, the appearance of which is an absolute indication for urgent treatment to the doctor. These include:

  • feeling weak in combination with shortness of breath and feeling of lack of oxygen;
  • sharp sharp pain in the leg, with the limb thickened, there is a burning sensation;
  • the onset of bleeding of a suspicious and suspicious site.

How is this diagnosis made?

An exact diagnosis can only be made by a phlebologist or vascular surgeon. It is advisable to consult a specialist at the first alarm signals of the body. Of course, the first research procedures are the examination and questioning of the patient. Then, in order to confirm the diagnosis and get the maximum information about the nature and severity of the disease, the following procedures may be needed:

  • Ultrasound of the veins - in the process of this study, not only the presence of varicose veins is detected, but also conclusions are drawn about the direction of blood flow, the presence of blood clots and tumors, the expansion of the vessels is estimated;
  • contrast venography - a very accurate and informative research method, the results of which make it possible to fully assess the condition of the veins; This examination is carried out by introducing into the human body a contrast agent that stains the blood.

Both of these methods are interchangeable. Due to the least invasiveness, it is lately that ultrasound of the veins is preferred.

What is dangerous varicose veins?

About varicose vein there is an aphorism, created by doctors - "The disease, manifested on the legs, and shooting in the heart." Indeed, this ailment is not just an aesthetic problem that causes trouble and reduces the quality of life. In the absence of qualified medical care, varicose veins are fraught with serious complications, even death.

So, the effects of varicose veins on the legs can be:

  • thrombophlebitis - the disease is accompanied by inflammation in the affected veins;
  • bleeding;
  • malnutrition of tissues;
  • increased pigmentation;
  • increased thrombosis is a dangerous complication not only for health but also for life.

Separately, it is worth mentioning such a frequently occurring “companion” of varicose veins on the legs, like a trophic ulcer. The reason for its appearance is the constant venous insufficiency and increased pressure in the veins. Such ulcers, as a rule, do not heal for a long time, they are very difficult to treat and at the same time are capable of limiting the patient's ability to work and even lead to his disability. Swelling, painful pain and even an unpleasant smell - all this makes the life of the patient very difficult. The emergence of trophic ulcers in a person suffering from varicose veins is facilitated by even minor injuries and bruises, which are simply impossible to avoid. By the way, sometimes (in rare cases) these lesions are reborn into a malignant tumor.

Treatment of varicose veins on the legs

Treatment of varicose veins in the legs depends primarily on the stage of the disease. If we are talking about the initial stages of the disease, when complications and irreversible processes have not yet declared themselves, then conservative treatment is usually used, that is, treatment without surgery, which may include the following procedures:

  • Drug therapy - we are talking about both pills (venotonic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anticoagulants), and local remedies, that is, all sorts of ointments.
  • Compression treatment - wearing special compression stockings or, alternatively, wrapping the legs with an elastic bandage.
  • Pneumatic massage is performed using a pneumatic massager device, activates blood circulation, improves tissue trophism and, as a result, the unpleasant symptoms of varicose veins decrease and disappear.
  • Sclerotherapy is used in the case when removal of the affected veins is indispensable. It is carried out without a surgical scalpel, a special medicine blocking the blood flow is introduced into the vein, as a result, the vessel gradually atrophies and disappears. This does not happen quickly, not one session may be needed during the year, but the effect of scleroplasty is worth it.
  • Endovasal laser coagulation - one of the most modern methods, carried out under local anesthesia, the result can be assessed in a month.
  • Leeches - this is one of the unconventional methods of treating varicose veins on the legs is based on the special quality of leeches - when they penetrate the patient's skin and then suck, they produce the blood thinning substance hirudin; however, today it is quite possible to do without leeches - on the shelves of pharmacies there are many drugs that contain this tool.

Prevention of varicose veins

Particular attention to the prevention of varicose veins should be given to people at risk: those whose relatives suffer from this disease, representatives of certain professions (teachers, hairdressers, etc.), people who are overweight, pregnant, etc.

First of all, it is necessary to lead an active lifestyle. To go in for sports (swimming, biking), prefer walking to “standing” trips in public transport, go upstairs to your floor, not by elevator, etc.

Those who, by the nature of their activity, are forced to spend a long time in a sitting or standing position, should pay attention to the following recommendations:

  • When standing for a long time, it is better to shift from one foot to the other from time to time, while moving his toes.
  • Office workers who spend days behind a computer screen are periodically recommended to put their feet on the table - in this position the outflow of blood from the veins of the lower extremities is greatly improved.
  • A small footrest can reduce dangerous pressure; besides, it is very convenient to perform elementary exercises during long sitting.
  • A simple exercise, consisting in the periodic raising of the toes, contributes to the tension of the muscles of the leg and improves blood flow up.
  • At least once an hour for 5-10 minutes it is necessary to break away from the chair and warm up a little.

Compression underwear is used not only for the treatment of varicose veins, but also for its prevention. For example, if a person in the family suffers from this disease, then during pregnancy, during flights and long trips by bus or train, in the process of training, it is better to use compression stockings or to wrap legs with an elastic bandage.

If the problem has already declared itself even in the easiest degree, the following should be avoided:

  • taking oral contraceptives (they contain hormones that can worsen the situation);
  • wearing high heels;
  • overweight and obesity;
  • eating salty, fatty and spicy foods;
  • carrying heavy bags and suitcases (luggage on wheels is now very popular);
  • waxing waxing;
  • hot long baths;
  • saunas and baths;
  • alcohol abuse, smoking;
  • self treatment

| 13 May 2015 | | 2 428 | Surgery
  • | Luda | September 28, 2015

    And I go to the bath, and fine. Think for yourself: what about those who live in the village? Do not wash, or what? Just need a normal treatment to pick up.

Leave your feedback

Prorosciuc Cristina: Hi all, B.P (before post) - take a snack and a drink as my story will take a while to read. This is my experience and I would really like to give my best opinion about this procedure as I actually did it. The procedure that I've made is sclerotherapy. Few months ago I've noticed some veins which I haven't seen them before. I started to become self conscious as I always had beautiful legs and to be honest with you I didn't want to cover my legs for the rest of my life as I'm only 28 years old. So I started my research, first I was a bit upset as I understood that is hereditary and to be honest with you my mom only has them now and she is over 60 years old. So I started to look for different causes, I didn't thought when I started work that this will affect me in any way. But it did so mostly I know its because I stand more than 10 hours at my job. This is not the only cause regarding your veins, it could be even from getting pregnant, eating to salty, lack of exercise, hereditary as I mentioned- this one is basically the most common. So if you have a family member as your parents or grandparents is likely you could have it too. I'm living in London but I'm originally from Romania. Therefore I went to a famous clinic in London where I played 150£ only for the consultation. I wasn't very happy with the answers and I decided not to go for the treatment as the doctor suggested 3 treatments for my veins. (600£ each). To be honest with you I found it quite expensive but at the end of the day if this would be my only option I will do it regardless. However I wanted a different opinion so I went in Romania to a clinic and the doctor actually told me that standing is the main cause of the appearance of the veins. The doctor from London said is not (which I didn't believed him). Because my veins weren't so bad the doctor from Romania only recommended 1 treatment. I seriously thought is not gonna hurt as I read so many reviews. It did hurt but only in the part where the skin was thicker. The other injections didn't hurt as much however I felt a burning as the injection went through my veins. The whole procedure took about 20 minutes. They wrapped me in a bandage and kept it for 2 days ( bo shower allowed for 2 days). After few minutes my legs were quite swollen and it was a bit itchy. After I took my bandages of I had few bruises and the skin was very tender ( it's a weird feeling -like touching your skin but you feel it numb). My doctor recommended to take one paracetamol for the pain afterwards but I didn't took it as I didn't feel any pain after. Now it's more than one week from the procedure and I almost have no brusing at all. I read other reviews and I was prepared to wait even months for the results but I can actually see beautiful result even after one week. I wanted to inform you that my veins weren't the worse, I had few veins each and there but I didn't had the very serious varicose veins like the bulging ones. However it did bothered me and was the only thing that I could think of. And sometimes after a long day my legs felt heavy, itchy and burning. Since I've done the procedure I don't feel it anymore. My only concern is how much this injection will last? I will try to keep this comment update and let you know in the future but for the moment I'm very happy with result. If its anything that bothers you my only advise is to go and do it. By the way the cost of the procedure in Romania was around 70£ . I still can believe it how big is the difference. I could only wish that someone will post a honest review for me to read before taking any decision that's why I've decided to leave this review and for those ones who are interested to actually know how I felt. If you have any question about my procedure please leave a comment and I will answer. Keep safe !

Aslam P: ഇവിടെ മലബാറിൽ ഇങ്ങനെ ആരെങ്കിലും ബുദ്ധിമുട്ടുണ്ടെങ്കിൽ നല്ലൊരു പ്രോഡക്റ്റ് (ഐ പ്ലസ് +) കൂടുതൽ വിവരങ്ങൾക്ക് ബന്ധപ്പെടുക 8086179217. 8921266867

Aria Mcgramary: So many questions yet so less time. I recently hired varicoseveinsdoctorsnewyork.com for my surgery. And since then have been watching and researching more and more about Varicose veins and spider veins. Thanks for uploading!

Alexandra: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07XYPKRGJ/ref=cm_sw_r_sms_c_api_i_AlQMDbZPGTN4Y 👆I tried those and they are great👍🏾 Good compression sock will help this a lot. But not easy to find good compression socks have the right amount compression in different spot. I recently got 2 pairs of compression socks on Amazon, they are amazing. After 3 days I wore them, my swelling legs started get smaller, not as sore as before, I am so glad that my friend introduced it to me. Thanks who ever made those real compression socks to help me able release from varicose suffering!

Alexandra: Good compression sock will help this a lot. But not easy to find good compression socks have the right amount compression in different spot. I recently got 2 pairs of compression socks on Amazon, they are amazing. After 3 days I wore them, my swelling legs started get smaller, not as sore as before, I am so glad that my friend introduced it to me. Thanks who ever made those real compression socks to help me able release from varicose suffering! Here is the link, it’s on sale. https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07XYPKRGJ/ref=cm_sw_r_sms_c_api_i_AlQMDbZPGTN4Y

Zoe Vávra: Hey, I tried medical turism and visited Slovak clinic https://blumentalclinic.sk. The best clinic for varices treatment :)