Valsakor instructions for use
- Valsakor instructions for use
- Release form and composition of the drug
- Pharmacological properties of the drug
- Indications for use
- Dosage and administration
- Use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation
- Side effects
- Drug overdose
- Interaction with other medicinal ingredients
- special instructions
- Conditions of release and storage of the drug
- Valsakor Price
The drug Valsakor is an oral medication, the therapeutic effect of which is aimed at normalizing blood pressure and improving the functioning of the organs of the cardiovascular system.
Release form and composition of the drug
The drug Valsakor is available in the form of tablets for oral use, coated with a protective sheath in blisters of 7, 10, 14 and 15 pieces in one plate. In a cardboard box placed 2-4 of these plates.
Each tablet contains the main active ingredient - Valsartan dosage of 40, 80, 160 mg, as well as lactose, hydrochloridiazide and a number of other auxiliary components.
Pharmacological properties of the drug
Valsacor tablets are an antihypertensive agent, the active components of which affect the specific angiotensin 2 receptors. Under the influence of the drug in patients, the systolic pressure and cardiac output are normalized.
The active ingredients of the pill do not affect the heart rate, unlike other drugs, with a hypotensive effect. Patients who took this drug, noted the disappearance of shortness of breath, swelling of limbs and pain in the region of the heart.
The preparation also contains hydrochloridiazide, a preparation from the group of thiazides, which has a pronounced diuretic effect.
The therapeutic effect of taking the drug is observed already 10-14 days after the start of the course of therapy. The active components of the drug provide the earliest possible excretion of salts, chlorine, potassium and excess fluid from the body. With a single use of the tablet Valsakor therapeutic effect persists for 24 hours.
Indications for use
Valsakor tablets are prescribed to patients for the treatment of the following conditions:
- Chronic heart failure;
- Persistent hypertension;
- Preventing the development of myocardial infarction after already having one or patients at risk (with genetic predisposition, persistent arterial hypertension, obesity, smokers);
- Violations of the heart and blood vessels caused by atherosclerotic deposits.
According to the instructions, the drug Valsakor is contraindicated for the treatment of patients with such conditions:
- Individual intolerance to the components of the drug;
- Severe abnormal liver and kidney function;
- Period of pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- Patient age up to 18 years;
- Lactase deficiency;
- Persons who have had a kidney transplant;
- Renal artery stenosis;
- Pronounced violations of water and electrolyte balance, for example, with a strong loss of fluid.
This drug is prescribed with particular caution to patients with vasculitis and systemic lupus erythematosus, aortic stenosis and mitral valve, as well as to persons with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, accompanied by obstruction of large blood vessels.
Dosage and administration
The dose of the drug and the duration of the course of therapy are determined by the doctor on a strictly individual basis for each individual patient. It directly depends on the diagnosis, severity of the clinical picture of the disease, age, general condition of the body and other factors.
Tablets should be taken regardless of the food, without chewing, with a small amount of liquid. Begin with the minimum effective therapeutic dose, which gradually, if necessary, increase.
According to the instructions for the drug in patients with arterial hypertension, patients are prescribed 40 mg of the drug 2 times a day, that is, the daily dose is 80 mg. 2 weeks after the onset of a pronounced therapeutic effect, the dose of the drug can be slightly reduced if necessary. The maximum daily dose of Valsakor with persistent arterial hypertension is 160 mg single dose or divided into 2 doses. In the absence of the expected therapeutic effect, the patient should consult a doctor in order to clarify the diagnosis or the appointment of another effective means.
Patients for the treatment of chronic heart failure are prescribed 40 mg of the drug 2 times a day, that is, the daily dose is 80 mg. If necessary, the dosage is increased to 160 mg per day, divided into 1-2 doses
12 hours after myocardial infarction, patients can be prescribed Valsakor therapy with 20 mg 2 times a day, that is, a pill with a dosage of 40 mg can be divided into halves. If necessary, the doctor, controlling the patient's tolerance to the drug and its general condition, may increase the daily dose. The duration of the course of therapy is determined individually for each individual case.
Use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation
Valsakor tablets are contraindicated in women for treatment in the period of carrying a child. In medicine, there is no reliable data on the safety of the effects of the components of the drug on the fetus, in addition, doctors generally do not recommend expectant mothers to take any medication during pregnancy so as not to harm the development of the child in the womb.
The use of the drug Valsakor during breastfeeding is possible only if the woman stops feeding the baby and transfers it to the diet with an adapted milk formula.
During the period of therapy with this drug, patients developed the following side effects:
- The development of viral infections of the upper respiratory tract;
- On the part of the digestive system: pain in the stomach, nausea, sometimes vomiting, impaired stool and lack of appetite;
- From the nervous system: dizziness and headaches, fatigue and weakness, insomnia, paresthesias;
- From the side of the cardiovascular system: pain in the heart, angina pectoris, heart rhythm disorder, lowering blood pressure;
- Muscle pain, pain in the joints;
- Allergic skin reactions - itching, rash, urticaria ;
- Changes in the clinical picture of blood - increased levels of potassium ions in the plasma, anemia, a decrease in the number of platelets;
- Noise in ears;
- Renal failure - urinary retention, up to a full anuria.
There were no cases of drug overdose in medicine, however, with uncontrolled use of tablets and a significant excess of the daily recommended dose in patients, a sharp decrease in blood pressure, confusion, collapse, and in rare cases, shock and coma is possible.
When the first symptoms of an overdose of the drug appear, the patient is given to take the enterosorbents. If necessary, wash the stomach and carry out symptomatic treatment. For the correction of severely reduced blood pressure, an isotonic solution of sodium chloride is injected intravenously into the patient.
Interaction with other medicinal ingredients
With simultaneous use of the drug Valsakor with potassium preparations in a patient may develop hyperkalemia, which should be considered when prescribing treatment.
With the parallel use of this drug with diuretics may develop hypovolemia and a violation of water and electrolyte balance. If the patient is already taking diuretics, then when prescribing Valsakor, it is necessary to notify the doctor about this.
Patients with diabetes when prescribing the drug Valsakor may require dose adjustment of hypoglycemic drugs.
With simultaneous use of the drug Valsakor with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs increases the risk of negative effects of the components of the tablet on the urinary organs of the patient.
Against the background of treatment with this drug, a patient may experience a decrease in the concentration of attention and suppression of the reaction rate, which should be taken into account when driving vehicles and managing complex mechanisms.
Conditions of release and storage of the drug
Valsakor tablets are available in pharmacies by prescription. Duration of storage of the drug is 3 years from the date of production date indicated on the package. Tablets should be stored protected from children at a temperature not exceeding 25 degrees.
Valsakor 80 mg, 30 tablets - 200-230 rubles.
Valsakor 160 mg, 30 tablets - 280-320 rubles.