Valocordin instructions for use
- Valocordin instructions for use
- Form of formulation and composition of the preparation
- Pharmacological properties of the drug
- Indications for use
- Dosing and Administration
- Use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation
- Side effects
- An overdose of the drug
- Interaction with other medicinal products
- Storage and dispensing conditions
- Valocordin price
The drug Valocordin is a drug from the group of psycholeptics, which has a pronounced sedative, vasodilating and spasmolytic effect.
Form of formulation and composition of the preparation
The drug Valocordin is available in the form of drops for oral administration in bottles-droppers of dark glass with a volume of 20 in a cardboard bundle. In the vial is a clear liquid with a pronounced minty odor.
The main active substances of drops are phenobarbital and ethyl bromizovalerianate in equal amounts - 18.4 mg. In addition, the composition of the preparation of auxiliary components - ethanol 96%, peppermint oil, hop oil, purified water.
Pharmacological properties of the drug
The drug Valocordin is a drug of combined effect. Included in the composition of the drops are active ingredients, have a calming effect on the nervous system, normalize sleep, eliminate irritability and neuroses. The main active substance of the drug - phenobarbital - has a small hypnotic effect, facilitates the onset of sleep and reduces the increased excitability of the nervous system.
Indications for use
Valocordin drops are prescribed to patients for treatment of such conditions:
- Psychoemotional overexcitation against the background of the received stress;
- Sleep disturbance, insomnia;
- Pain in the region of the heart caused by sudden spasm of the coronary vessels;
- Headaches, migraines;
- The initial stage of hypertensive disease - with frequent persistent increases in blood pressure indicators;
- Flatulence as part of complex therapy;
- Spasms of the intestine or gallbladder (provided that the patient does not have obstruction of these organs);
- Sudden attacks of angina pectoris.
Valocordin drops are contraindicated to patients for treatment if they have the following conditions:
- Individual intolerance to the components of the drug;
- Acute myocardial infarction;
- Cardiogenic shock;
- Liver failure;
- Age to 14 years;
- Pregnancy and lactation;
- Impaired renal function.
Dosing and Administration
The dosage of Valocordin and the duration of the course of therapy are determined by the attending physician, depending on the indications.
According to the instructions to the drug, drops should be taken orally before meals, previously dissolved in a small amount of pure water or by dropping onto a piece of sugar. Depending on the indications, the minimum effective single therapeutic dose is 10-20 drops. Take the drug according to the indications can be no more than 3 times a day.
At attacks of a stenocardia or the expressed tachycardia the single dose of a preparation makes 30-40 drops.
For patients older than 14 years, Valocordin drops, depending on the general state of health, are prescribed at the rate of 3-5 drops 2-3 times per day. The duration of the course of therapy with the drug for adult patients is no more than 10-14 days. In the absence of the expected therapeutic effect, you should consult your doctor to correct the treatment or clarify the diagnosis.
Use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation
Valocordin drops are contraindicated for the treatment of pregnant women.
The phenobarbital included in the preparation can lead to a significant delay in the fetal development of the fetus, and ethanol - to cause severe damage to the internal organs of the embryo and the development of congenital anomalies and vices. As an alternative means for treating neuroses or experiences in expectant mothers, you can use Valerian tablets or Validol.
The use of Valocordinum during breastfeeding is contraindicated for women. The active substances of the preparation, in particular phenobarbital and ethanol, can easily penetrate into breast milk, and then with food into the baby's body, thereby causing poisoning of the child's body and strong inhibition of the central nervous system. In the presence of the above indications, a lactating woman should consult a doctor so that a specialist can pick up an alternative medication that will not be dangerous for the baby.
In general, the drug is well tolerated by patients, but in some cases, the following side effects may occur:
- Nausea, pain in the stomach;
- Dry mouth;
- Allergic reactions to the skin;
An overdose of the drug
With prolonged use of Valocordin drops in high doses, the patient develops rapidly overdose symptoms, which are expressed as follows:
- Sharp slowing of the heartbeat (bradycardia);
- Weakness, lethargy;
- Difficulty breathing, lack of oxygen;
- A drop in blood pressure;
- Severe dizziness, until loss of consciousness;
- State of retardation;
- Apathy to what is happening.
If the following symptoms occur, the patient should be rushed to the doctor immediately. Treatment of an overdose of the drug is symptomatic.
Interaction with other medicinal products
With simultaneous application of Valocordin drops with sedatives, an intensifying of soothing and inhibitory effect is possible.
When using this drug with drugs that lower blood pressure, it is possible to reduce its indices and the patient's weakness.
The active ingredients that make up Valocordin are able to somewhat reduce the therapeutic effect of the contraceptive pill, which should be warned by patients who prefer this type of contraception.
The drug should not be taken concomitantly with alcoholic beverages, as this dramatically increases the risk of side effects and damage to the patient's liver.
Storage and dispensing conditions
Valocordin drops are dispensed in pharmacies without a doctor's prescription. The drug should be stored out of reach of children at a temperature of not more than 15 degrees (preferably in the refrigerator). Shelf life of the medicine is 5 years from the date of production, which is indicated on the package. At the end of this period, the drug should not be taken orally.
The average cost of Valocordin in the form of drops in pharmacies in Moscow is 125-130 rubles per 20 ml bottle. A bottle of 50 ml costs about 250 rubles.