Valocordin instructions for use
- Valocordin instructions for use
- Release form and composition of the drug
- Pharmacological properties of the drug
- Indications for use
- Dosage and administration
- Use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation
- Side effects
- Drug overdose
- Interaction with other drugs
- Conditions of storage and release of the drug
- Valocordin Price
The drug Valocordin is a drug from the group of psycholeptics, which has a pronounced sedative, vasodilator and antispasmodic effect.
Release form and composition of the drug
The drug Valocordin is available in the form of droplets for oral administration in dropper vials of dark glass with a volume of 20 in a carton box. In the vial is a clear liquid with a pronounced mint smell.
The main active ingredients of droplets are phenobarbital and ethyl bromosovalerianate in equal quantities - 18.4 mg. In addition, the composition of the drug auxiliary components - ethanol 96%, peppermint oil, hop oil, purified water.
Pharmacological properties of the drug
The drug Valocordin is a drug of combined exposure. The active ingredients that make up the drops have a calming effect on the nervous system, normalize sleep, eliminate irritability and neurosis. The main active ingredient of the drug - phenobarbital - has a small hypnotic effects, facilitates the onset of sleep and reduces the increased excitability of the nervous system.
Indications for use
Drops Valocordin prescribed to patients for the treatment of such conditions:
- Psycho-emotional overexcitation on the background of the resulting stress;
- Sleep disturbance, insomnia;
- Pain in the heart caused by sudden spasm of the coronary vessels;
- Headaches, migraines;
- The initial stage of hypertension - with frequent persistent increases in blood pressure;
- Flatulence in the complex therapy;
- Spasms of the intestine or gallbladder (provided that the patient does not have obstruction of these organs);
- Sudden attacks of angina.
Valocordin drops are contraindicated in patients for treatment if they have the following conditions:
- Individual intolerance to the components of the drug;
- Acute myocardial infarction;
- Cardiogenic shock;
- Liver failure;
- Age up to 14 years;
- Period of pregnancy and lactation;
- Impaired renal function.
Dosage and administration
Valocordin dosage and duration of therapy is determined by the attending physician, depending on the evidence.
According to the instructions for the drug drops should be taken orally before eating, after dissolving in a small amount of pure water or dripping on a piece of sugar. Depending on the indications, the minimum effective single therapeutic dose is 10-20 drops. Take the drug according to the indications can be no more than 3 times a day.
With attacks of stenocardia or severe tachycardia, a single dose of the drug is 30-40 drops.
Patients older than 14 years, drops Valocordin, depending on the general state of health is prescribed at the rate of 3-5 drops 2-3 times a day. The duration of the course of drug therapy for adult patients is not more than 10-14 days. In the absence of the expected therapeutic effect, one should consult a doctor for the purpose of correcting the treatment or clarifying the diagnosis.
Use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation
Drops of Valocordin contraindicated for the treatment of pregnant women.
Part of the drug phenobarbital can lead to a significant delay in fetal development, and ethanol - cause severe damage to the internal organs of the embryo and the development of congenital anomalies and defects. As an alternative means for the treatment of neurosis or experiences in future mothers, you can use Valerian tablets or Validol.
The use of Valocordin during breastfeeding is contraindicated for women. The active ingredients of the drug, in particular phenobarbital and ethanol, can easily penetrate into breast milk and then into the baby’s body with food, thereby causing poisoning of the baby’s body and strong inhibition of the central nervous system. In the presence of the above indications, a nursing woman should consult a doctor so that a specialist can select an alternative drug that will not be dangerous to the infant.
In general, the drug is well tolerated by patients, but in some cases the following side effects may develop:
- Nausea, stomach pain;
- Dry mouth;
- Allergic reactions on the skin;
With long-term use of Valocordin drops in high doses, the patient quickly develops signs of overdose, which are expressed as follows:
- A sharp slowdown in the heartbeat (bradycardia);
- Weakness, lethargy;
- Difficulty breathing, feeling of lack of oxygen;
- Drop in blood pressure;
- Great dizziness, up to loss of consciousness;
- State of inhibition;
- Apathy to what is happening.
If the following symptoms occur, the patient should be urgently brought to the doctor. Treatment of drug overdose is symptomatic.
Interaction with other drugs
With the simultaneous use of Valocordin drops with sedatives, it is possible to increase the sedative and inhibitory effect.
When using this drug with drugs that lower blood pressure, it is possible to reduce its performance and weakness of the patient.
Valocordin's active components are capable of slightly lowering the therapeutic effect of the contraceptive pills, which should be warned to patients who prefer this type of contraception.
The drug can not be taken simultaneously with alcoholic beverages, as this dramatically increases the risk of side effects and damage to the patient's liver.
Conditions of storage and release of the drug
Drops Valocordin released in pharmacies without a doctor's prescription. The drug should be stored out of the reach of children at a temperature not exceeding 15 degrees (preferably in the refrigerator). Shelf life of the drug is 5 years from the date of production date, which is indicated on the package. After this period, the drug can not be taken orally.
The average cost of the drug Valocordin in the form of drops in pharmacies in Moscow is 125-130 rubles per 20 ml vial. A bottle of 50 ml costs about 250 rubles.