Go Dry cough, causes and treatment of dry cough

Dry cough


Dry cough With the onset of autumn, diseases of the respiratory system are not uncommon. Probably every person at least once a year carries a viral infection. One of the clinical manifestations of all acute respiratory viral infections is cough.

Cough is a reflex contraction of the muscular system of the chest that appears in response to any irritant. Initially, the disease cough can be painful and dry, but after a few days the pathological sputum begins to actively separate. Cough is a defensive reaction of the human body, with the help of which the mucous membranes of the respiratory organs are cleaned from mucus, dust, pathogenic microorganisms.

Cough, which is not accompanied by other symptoms of a cold, is called physiological. It is quite another thing when a person suffers a dry cough for a long time, which can be a symptom of many serious diseases. Dry cough is considered to be unproductive cough, that is, in which there is no discharge of sputum.

What can cause dry cough?

The agonizing dry cough may be due to the following conditions:

  • Inflammation of the larynx;
  • The inflammatory process in the trachea and bronchi;
  • Pneumonia;
  • Dry pleurisy ;
  • Allergic reactions;
  • Bronchial asthma;
  • Malignant neoplasms in the organs of the respiratory system;
  • Whooping cough.

During inflammation of the larynx, the patient is tormented by a dry barking cough, and the voice becomes hoarse. Most often, coughing attacks occur at night. When laryngitis in children dry cough may be complicated by false croup. This condition is extremely dangerous and requires immediate medical attention. Otherwise, the child may develop respiratory failure and asphyxiation.

With inflammation of the bronchi or trachea, the patient has bouts of dry cough for 2-3 days, after which the cough becomes productive and sputum is separated.

Sometimes a dry cough can be observed due to the ingestion of foreign bodies in the airways, dust or small food particles. In the absence of timely medical care, this condition may be complicated by a bacterial infection and then serious antibiotic therapy will be needed.

In addition to the entry of foreign bodies into the respiratory tract, the cause of dry cough may be inhalation of strongly smelling volatile substances and chemical fumes. Attacks of dry, painful paroxysmal cough are also observed in smokers.

A dry, long and very painful cough is the main symptom of pleural effusion inflammation. At the same time, the patient cannot fully breathe and move, since any change in the position of the body is accompanied by chest pains. When pleurisy, the patient's body temperature rises, there is weakness and chills, shortness of breath. Similar clinical symptoms can be observed with the development of an oncological process in the organs of the respiratory system.

Whooping cough and measles

Whooping cough is one of the diseases of childhood, but in some people it can also occur in adulthood. The main clinical manifestation of this disease is a strong paroxysmal dry cough, which in most cases ends in vomiting. The main feature of whooping cough is that this pathology is not treated by any medications that are usually prescribed for the treatment of dry cough.

A dry cough can also occur with measles, and the accompanying symptoms of this disease will be a rise in body temperature and a skin rash.

Bronchial asthma

Bronchial asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory system, as a result of which the patient often has episodes of agonizing dry cough with suffocation. If, during such an attack, the patient is not given a drug, then asphyxia and death may occur!


A prolonged, prolonged dry cough that does not stop for several weeks in a row, in spite of all the measures taken, can signal a dangerous pulmonary disease - tuberculosis. If you suspect tuberculosis, the patient should immediately consult a doctor, as this disease has a high degree of infectiousness.

Occupational diseases

Also, a dry cough can develop as a symptom of one of the occupational diseases, for example, pneumoconiosis. When inhaling dust and small particles of industrial production, they tend to settle on the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract, with the result that the patient has episodes of dry cough. Sometimes this attack may result in the release of scanty and insignificant sputum. Similar clinical symptoms can be observed in work colleagues.

Atypical causes of dry cough

A dry cough can be not only a symptom of a disease of the organs of the respiratory system. For example, when a patient is thrown into the esophagus by gastric contents, coughing episodes may also occur. This occurs as a result of irritation of the cough receptor with gastric contents.

With the development of malignant tumors of the mediastinum (the area between the spinal column and the sternum), the patient may also have episodes of dry, painful coughing, which are not amenable to treatment with conventional mucolytic drugs.

Another completely non-typical cause of dry paroxysmal cough is worm infestation. When injected into the human body, the eggs of worms tend to migrate through it with blood. Getting through the blood to the lungs, and then to the bronchi, worms irritate the cough receptors, resulting in a patient having bouts of suffocative dry cough, which are not amenable to treatment with cough drugs.

Cough in children

Especially carefully you should treat bouts of dry cough in young children. The thing is that kids are by nature very curious and, having found some small object on the floor, they rush to try it to taste. It should be a child to take a deep breath, as the object is in the trachea or bronchi. In some cases, the baby may cough for several days, but parents do not attach importance to this, but sometimes a coughing fit develops instantly after swallowing a foreign body and, if there is no adequate medical care, it can cause choking and death of the child. It is important to understand that categorically you should not try to remove foreign objects yourself using various pins, knitting needles and so on. This should be done only by an experienced specialist using special tongs or hooks.

Dry Cough Diagnosis

In order to prescribe the patient the correct effective treatment, the specialist, first of all, must establish the reason for the appearance of dry cough. For this, the patient is prescribed a number of necessary studies:

  • Auscultation and percussion;
  • X-ray examination of the lungs;
  • Fluorography of the chest;
  • Allergen blood tests;
  • Bronchoscopy;
  • Consultation of the gastroenterologist if necessary;
  • Allergist consultation.

During the diagnostic examination of the patient, it is very important to exclude the likelihood of pulmonary tuberculosis and the presence of cancer tumors in the respiratory organs.

Dry cough treatment

Dry cough treatment In order for the treatment to be effective, the patient must strictly follow the instructions of the doctor and not select a suitable drug for himself according to the recommendations of friends or pharmacy employees. The main principle of dry cough treatment is its transformation into productive, with the separation of sputum. As a rule, the treatment of dry cough is carried out in a complex using the methods of drug therapy, physiotherapy and traditional medicine. Drug therapy is directly dependent on the underlying disease.

Most often, most patients have a cold cough, so the main treatment regimen is as follows:

  • Antiviral drugs;
  • Antibiotics (if necessary) - are prescribed only in the case of the addition of a bacterial infection or a prolonged neglected inflammatory process;
  • Mucolytic drugs aimed at diluting viscous sputum and relieving coughing. The most commonly used drugs are based on Ambroxol (Lasolvan, Fluditec, ACC, Mucolvan, and others);
  • Antihistamines - if an allergic cough is suspected;
  • Antitussive drugs are drugs that block the cough center receptors (available on prescription).

It is important to understand that antitussive drugs are shown only in isolated cases, for example, with whooping cough, and it is strictly forbidden to take them yourself without a doctor's instructions! In case of bronchitis, tracheitis and other inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract, the treatment is aimed at sputum discharge, and the reception of antitussive drugs inhibits the cough center. As a result of this self-treatment, pathological sputum accumulates in the airways and descends into the lungs, which leads to serious complications.

Physiotherapy treatment of cough

In the treatment of dry cough, it is difficult to overestimate the role of physiotherapeutic procedures. In combination with drug therapy, they activate the immune system and accelerate the healing process. Under the influence of physiotherapeutic procedures, the patient improves blood circulation, decreases pain, reduces inflammation. In the treatment of dry cough most often prescribed the following methods of physiotherapy:

  • Various chest massage techniques;
  • Acupuncture;
  • UHF;
  • Inhalation;
  • Electrophoresis;
  • Performing special breathing exercises;
  • Warming up

Recently, inhalation with the help of special nebulizers has become widespread. With the help of a compressor or ultrasonic device, the smallest particles of medicinal substance are sprayed directly into the small bronchi and lungs. This allows you to double the speed up of the patient's recovery process and serves as an excellent prevention of the development of bronchospasm in obstructive bronchitis or false croup in young children.

Folk remedies for dry cough

Traditional medicine in the treatment of dry cough plays an important role in healing. However, it is important to understand that treatment with traditional methods should be carried out only in conjunction with a drug therapy prescribed by a specialist, otherwise the disease can be complicated or turn into a chronic form of the course. Some pharmacological preparations are produced on the basis of medicinal plants and can be successfully used for the treatment of dry cough.

Effective ways to alleviate a dry cough and achieve sputum discharge are the following:

  • Plentiful drink (compotes, raspberry tea, herbal breast preparations, alkaline mineral water without gas);
  • Drinking hot milk with the addition of 1 teaspoon of honey and a pinch of soda;
  • Thermal procedures - mustard plasters, grinding, compresses;
  • Inhalation with soda or decoction of potatoes;
  • Black radish juice with sugar;
  • A mixture of lemon juice, honey and glycerin.

In addition, in order to help the patient quickly recover and relieve the attacks of dry cough, it is often necessary to air the room where he is located, twice a day to carry out wet cleaning, to monitor the humidity of the air and the air temperature in the room.

Prevention of dry cough

In order to avoid the appearance of dry cough, it is important to follow the not complicated recommendations:

  • Do not supercool;
  • Timely treat the first signs of a cold;
  • More to be in the fresh air;
  • In every way harden the body;
  • Complete and balanced diet;
  • Once a year it is necessary to do a fluorography for the purpose of prevention;
  • When working on hazardous industries, wear a protective mask to avoid inhaling dust and chemical fumes.

Remember that a dry cough can be not only a sign of a cold, but also more serious pathologies that require long-term treatment. It is unacceptable to self-medicate so as not to cause complications!

| 8 November 2014 | | 11 056 | ENT diseases