Go Numb hands: reasons. Why and what to do if the left (right) hand becomes numb

Why do your hands go numb?


Why does the right (left) hand go numb According to medical statistics, every person who has stepped over a 35-year-old milestone and almost half of people under this age complains of periodic numbness in their hands today. Sometimes numbness affects only the tips of the fingers. Sometimes a person stops feeling the whole palm, and sometimes the hands go numb completely: from the shoulder joint to the tips of the fingers. What can cause such an unpleasant feeling? Is it abnormal or disease? How to get rid of an unpleasant symptom?

To get answers to these numerous questions, you will have to find out in detail what different people have behind the phrase “their hands are numb”?

Numbness of the hands is not a disease, but a symptom

Immediately it should be explained that the disease with the name "numb hands" does not exist. Loss of sensation is only one symptom that can occur in a person for different reasons.

Usually, all these reasons divide (conditionally) into two parts:

  • Not related to a specific disease, caused by a bad lifestyle or bad habits.
  • Associated with a specific disease or group of diseases.

If numbness recurs systematically or does not go away at all, it is necessary to take the time to consult a doctor. However, there are cases where specialist consultation is required as a matter of urgency. These cases include:

  • Systematic causeless numbness.
  • Numbness of the hands, preventing proper coordination of movements.
  • Sharp decrease in sensitivity to water temperature.
  • Tingling or decreased sensitivity, accompanied by general weakness, shortness of breath, dizziness, palpitations, nausea.
  • Nervous or mental disorders arising along with numbness, behavioral disorders.
  • Injuries.
  • Involuntary bowel movements and / or bladder, occurring in parallel with numbness.
  • Speech impairment.

These terrible signs can be symptoms of very serious diseases, with the elimination of which it is impossible to hesitate.

Wrong lifestyle as a cause of hand numbness

Complaining that their hands are numb, different people imply different sensations. Symptoms of numbness can be:

  • Discomforting tingling sensation.
  • Sensations of goose bumps under the skin.
  • Decreased skin sensitivity.
  • Rarely: impaired mobility of the joints or a combination of all the above symptoms.

In a normal, healthy life, numbness is the result of squeezing of nerve endings or circulatory disorders. In the hands, it occurs when a person wears too tight straps or bracelets, unsuitable size rings, is in one position for a long time. In these cases, numbness is a normal reaction of the body.

To get rid of the unpleasant feeling is enough:

  • remove tight-fitting straps or bracelets;
  • change posture;
  • shake hands;
  • make a few light strokes or massage movements to "disperse the blood."

Often hands become numb because a person leads a wrong lifestyle or cannot get rid of bad habits. Among them:

  • Smoking. Nicotine and tar contained in tobacco smoke have a destructive effect on the walls of blood vessels. They are thinning, becoming brittle, non-plastic. This makes it difficult to move the blood to the extremities, causing numbness of the fingers. Gradually, abnormalities can develop into vascular sclerosis of the upper extremities. This is a serious disease that can lead to gangrene and amputation of the arm.
  • Predilection for alcoholic beverages. Alcohol gradually disrupts the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves of the arms (and legs). In the hands, first, there is a feeling of "goosebumps", later the skin loses sensitivity, the touch is broken. Even later, impaired coordination and difficulty in performing any movement may develop. An experienced alcoholic is often unable to hold even a light object in his hands.
  • Obesity. In obesity, there is a metabolic disorder in the body, which, among other things, affects the blood flow. The result may be numbness, loss of sensation of the fingers or palms. Especially quickly unpleasant symptoms are progressing in people suffering from physical inactivity (lack of movement or physical exertion).


Eliminate the numbness caused by the above reasons, it is possible, but for this you need to completely give up bad habits. Usually, if a person quits smoking and taking alcohol, starts eating right, the numbness goes away by itself. However, in severe or advanced cases, the doctor may prescribe drugs that strengthen the walls of blood vessels, immunoprotectors, vitamin complexes and trace elements. It is important to remember: taking medication is possible only on the recommendation of a doctor. Even vitamins taken uncontrollably can harm the body.

Tunnel syndrome - a common cause of hand numbness

Numbness of the hands can cause occupational, systemic or internal disease. The disease is a violation:

  • vital body functions;
  • ability to produce any kind of activity.

Any disease leads to a shortening of life, and occurs as a response to the action of pathogenic factors.

People are prone to occupational hand diseases, because of their duties, they have to repeat the same movements an infinite number of times, be in an uncomfortable position, and do hard physical work.

Occupational numbness of the hands is most often exposed to:

  • musicians;
  • drivers;
  • cashiers;
  • jewelers;
  • office workers, etc.
  • blacksmiths:
  • construction workers.

Today, more often than not, office workers are complaining that they have to spend most of their work at the computer or (much less often) with other office equipment. What is the reason for mass complaints?

"Hand typist" or carpal syndrome

The typists (at the beginning of the last century) and people working at the computer often encounter unpleasant feelings in the working hand. The disease has even received the semi-official name “hand of the typist”. It is connected with a constant tension in the hand, performing small movements with the fingers. Monotonous continuous work without stopping for production gymnastics contributes to the development of deviations in the bones. Officially, this disease is called Tunnel Carpal Syndrome. Its main cause is squeezing of the median nerve between the wrist tendons and the bones. Usually the transverse ligaments swell from being in one position for a long time. When swelling, they strongly press the nerve to the tendons, as a result of which he, too, swells first and then dies completely.

Especially fast tunnel syndrome progresses:

  • In people doing small work in an uncomfortable position.
  • When performing work without support for elbows and wrists.
  • Office workers with experience of more than five years.
  • Pregnant women.
  • Women in menopause.
  • In office workers, musicians, cashiers, etc. employees whose work day exceeds 8 hours.

Symptoms of this disease are increasing gradually.

  • There is a feeling of muscle weakness in the hands.
  • There is an unpleasant feeling of numbness from shoulder to finger.
  • There is a constraint of movement.
  • Slight pain turns into excruciating, persistent, restraining movement. If at this point you do not undergo treatment or temporarily stop working, a serious illness may develop, resulting in impaired motor function.

How to distinguish tunnel syndrome from similar diseases?

  • Most often, the "hand of the typist" affects the palms and 1-4 fingers. Pain in the little finger or back of the hand - signs of other diseases.
  • Unpleasant feelings in the working hand sharper.
  • Exacerbations occur at the end of the work day or at night. Removed by a simple massage or shaking hands.
  • The muscles are weakened, the handwriting is disturbed, there are difficulties in performing small movements or physical exertion.
  • Numbness leads to severe fatigue, but no organs or body systems are affected.

Treatment of tunnel syndrome

It has long been known that there is no cure, better prevention. For this reason, those at risk of becoming victims of the “hand of the typist” must adhere to the following rules:

  • At least once an hour to interrupt work to make several gymnastic movements.
  • Carefully monitor the correct workplace equipment.
  • Train your hands and relieve fatigue with the help of "anti-stress toys."
  • Avoid drafts, excessive humidity in the room.

At the very first stages of the disease, the person can remove numbness and other discomfort in the hands. He will be helped by simple means and manipulations.

  • Wearing mitts - gloves with fingers cut off. Heat will help relieve pain, and the elastic cuff will relieve the ligaments.
  • Hot baths with oils or salts can help reduce inflammation.
  • Self massage. It is necessary to daily rub hands from shoulder to fingertips.
  • Sports activities. Walking, swimming, sports games evenly distribute the muscular load and relieve tension from the wrist.

In particularly severe or advanced cases, the doctor should deal with the treatment. Usually a neuropathologist prescribes a course of anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs that increase immunity, physiotherapy, physiotherapy.

What diseases can make hands numb?

Numb hands with different diseases. Even the temperature in quinsy can cause a weakening of touch. However, most often tingling in the fingers, numbness of different parts of the hands occurs in the following diseases:

  • osteochondrosis:
  • vegetative-vascular dystonia;
  • spinal hernia;
  • multiple sclerosis;
  • migraine;
  • diabetes;
  • atherosclerosis of the upper extremities:
  • Raynaud's disease;
  • hypertension, stroke, ischemia.
  • Brain tumors.

Numbness of the hands, which is one of the symptoms of these life-threatening diseases, is of a different nature. Determine the severity of the patient's condition can only be a doctor. For this reason, if numbness does not go away for several days, it is necessary to consult a specialist.

Numbness of the hands with osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis is a disease associated with upright man, as a species. In osteochondrosis, vertebral cartilages are primarily damaged. This can occur for exogenous (external) or endogenous (internal) reasons.

The main exogenous cause is improper distribution of the load on the spine. Deviation may occur due to injury, infection, metabolic disorders. However, the most common causes of cervical osteochondrosis are considered:

  • Long holding the body in the wrong position. That is why it is so important to monitor the correctness of the equipment of the workplace, compliance with posture.
  • Weak muscular frame. Well-trained muscles are able to resist loads and maintain the spine in the desired position for a long time.

If a person is subjected to this factor for a long time, his elastic intervertebral discs become flat, the vertebrae approach each other, infringing the nerve endings. The spine ceases to be flexible, pain appears.

The first symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, along with the numbness of the hands, are:

  • Numbness or pain in the back of the head, neck, hands.
  • Pain when bending the head or moving the arms.
  • Headaches.
  • Decreased vision, hearing, etc.

The appearance of these signs should be a signal that the sick need urgent advice from a traumatologist or neuropathologist.

Another reason for complaints of numbness may be intervertebral hernia. This is the name of the displacement of a part of the vertebral disc caused by the same reasons as osteochondrosis. In fact, this is its manifestation at an advanced stage.

Treatment of osteochondrosis and hernia

Since the main cause of numbness in osteochondrosis is abnormal body position and muscle weakness, treatment begins with a change in lifestyle. The ill person must re-equip the workplace, monitor their posture, practice therapeutic exercises and a little - in sports.

For the treatment of a disease, the doctor usually prescribes a comprehensive treatment, including:

  • Acceptance of anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs that improve cerebral circulation.
  • Medical gymnastics.
  • Physiotherapy course: “hood”, “vacuum cans”, magnetic therapy, etc.
  • Alternative treatment: acupuncture, treatment with leeches, snake or bee venom, etc.
  • Massage.

Proper lifestyle and well-chosen treatment can alleviate the patient’s condition, relieve him from the numb feeling in his hands for good.

Numbness of the hands with vegetative dystonia

Vegetovascular or neurocircular dystonia is the outdated name for the whole complex of autonomic disorders caused by disorder of the nervous regulation. When the IRR in patients there is not only numbness of the hands, but also such symptoms as:

  • sleepiness or insomnia;
  • headaches, dizziness;
  • pressure fluctuations;
  • tachy or bradycardia;
  • panic attacks.

The reasons for the development of vegetodistonia most often are:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • diseases of the brain, CNS, or peripheral nervous system;
  • stress, chronic fatigue.

Treatment of vascular dystonia

The doctor begins treatment with elimination of the underlying disease (if any). Then selects a set of medicines individually for each patient. In parallel with the medications the patient is recommended breathing exercises, a healthy diet and lifestyle.

Numbness of hands with multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a severe autoimmune disease in which antibodies do not affect disease agents, but the myelin sheath of the nerve endings of the brain and spinal cord. The disease has nothing to do with memory, but affects the entire body. When multiple sclerosis occurs:

  • strong tingling in the fingers, numbness of the hands;
  • a sharp decrease in the sensitivity of the skin;
  • general weakness;
  • severe impairment of motor coordination;
  • double vision;

If the patient has found at least two of these symptoms, he should immediately go to the doctor. Delay can lead to paralysis of the arms and legs, cranial nerves, complete immobility and loss of capacity.

Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis

It consists in the selection of drugs aimed at relieving symptoms, alleviating the course of the disease. Medication with a narrow action does not exist. The prognosis of the disease cannot be favorable.

Numbness of the hands with migraine, hypertension, stroke

Migraine is an attack of pain in one part of the head. The most common disease in the world, which is not associated with any pathology of blood vessels, or with other pathologies. In fact, having found drugs to relieve migraine attacks, doctors are not completely sure of the reasons for its occurrence. Migraine in each patient manifests itself in its own way, but always only in one half of the skull. During an attack, a person may experience:

  • severe nausea, bouts of vomiting;
  • numb hands, poor coordination;
  • headache in one eye;
  • increased light and sound sensitivity.

Migraine Treatment

It consists in taking medications prescribed by the doctor, hot baths for the head, maintaining a proper lifestyle.

Hypertension and strokes can also affect the decrease in sensitivity in the hands or their complete numbness. In this case, the underlying disease should be treated: after that, its symptoms will disappear.

Numbness of the hands with vascular diseases

Complaints that a person has numb hands, convulsions occur during the slightest physical exertion, blanching of hands when in contact with cool water or air may be precursors of another dangerous disease: contraction or blockage of blood vessels going from the chest to the hands. This disease has other symptoms:

  • nail thickening on the hands;
  • loss of hair on the hands;
  • feeling of constant gravity;

The main causes of vascular disorders are:

  • Atherosclerosis - narrowing or complete blockage of blood vessels by atherosclerotic plaques consisting of cholesterol and calcium. Treatment of atherosclerosis in the early stages involves medical therapy. In advanced conditions, the patient may be offered surgery: balloon angioplasty, stent placement in an artery, or other operations.
  • Buerger's disease is an inflammation of the small blood vessels, leading to numbness of the hands (or feet), impaired blood circulation, and in severe cases - to gangrene. The disease begins with a tingling sensation in the fingers, a decrease in sensitivity, the onset of seizures. Later, the hands almost completely lose their sensitivity, begin to sweat, turn pale when in contact with cool air or cold objects. Smokers are especially affected. The treatment of Buerger's disease consists in the complete abandonment of bad habits. The patient is prescribed physical exercise, drugs that regulate blood flow and strengthen the walls of blood vessels. In advanced cases, surgical intervention is possible, namely, plasty of damaged vessels, the intersection of nerves closely spaced to them, and shunting.
  • Raynaud's syndrome . Most often occurs on the background of rheumatic, vascular or occupational diseases. It may be the result of drug therapy, compression of the nerve endings or prolonged immobilization of the patient. Manifested in full or partial numbness of the hands, pains and "goosebumps" in the hands or wrists, paleness and dryness of the skin. The treatment of Raynaud's syndrome consists in eliminating the underlying disease, rejecting bad habits, avoiding contact with irritating substances and taking calcium blockers.

The symptoms of all diseases are similar. It takes time to diagnose them. That is why it is so important not to delay with the survey. Delay can lead to loss of mobility, gangrene, amputation.

Systemic collagenoses as a cause of hand numbness

Collagenoses are a whole group of diseases affecting the blood vessels and connective tissue. Refer to systemic diseases include:

  • Rheumatism - an infectious-allergic disease. It is called (most often) by streptococcus and affects joints, heart, vessels, less often - other organs.
  • Nodular periarteritis affecting arteries.
  • Scleroderma, which is expressed in the hardening of the skin and the defeat of many internal organs.
  • Lupus erythematosus is a severe disease in which the immune system is trying to destroy the cells of its own body.

All of these collagen diseases have different symptoms, but numbness of the hands, tingling sensations, "chills" are characteristic of each of these diseases.

Typically, the treatment of collagenosis is reduced to the appointment of corticosteroids, vitamins, immunosuppressants. Complaints that the hands go numb, stop immediately after the patient is relieved.

The main methods of treatment that use for numbness of the hands

Regardless of the diagnosis that caused the patient's complaints that his hands are numb, doctors use approximately the same pattern of symptom relief.

  1. Treatment of the underlying disease.
  2. Rejection of bad habits.
  3. Organization of normal nutrition.
  4. Education healthy lifestyle.
  5. The use of physiotherapy.
  6. The use of magnetic-vacuum acupuncture, in which the specialist combines pressing the acupuncture points with the influence of a magnetic field.
  7. Different kinds of massages.
  8. Acupuncture.
  9. Phonophoresis - the introduction of medication using ultrasound.

Depending on the diagnosis and condition of the patient, the doctor may add other methods of treatment or exclude the above.

| 12 October 2014 | | 70 484 | Symptom Handbook
  • | Catherine | July 5, 2015

    Everything is clear, clear and understandable. Thank you

  • | Cyril | July 26, 2015


  • | Alexander | August 12, 2015

    Briefly and clearly. thank

  • | Antonina | 25th August 2015


  • | Michael | September 3, 2015


  • Love Alexandrovna. | September 9, 2015

    Thank you very much for the information. Everything is very detailed and understandable.

  • | Elena | September 28, 2015

    Thanks for the clear information on this issue.

  • | Lena | 5th October 2015

    Thanks for the information.

  • | Abdujalil | October 17, 2015

    Thank you very much.

  • | valentine | 23 October 2015

    great article!

Leave your feedback

Terri: I don't have diabetes and I'm not a drinker. I was finally diagnosed with MS. I have numb toes (toes feel like they're in a bowl of fire ants sometimes), legs, hands, and my back.....

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tommyboywalker: Excellent video. Very clear explanation of what this condition is, what can cause it and things that can be done to treat it. I'm going to make an appointment with a neurologist to see if I can better understand the neuropathy type symptoms in my foot.