Spotting in early pregnancy
Vaginal bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy is a phenomenon that in one case may be completely harmless and in the other quite alarming, signaling serious problems that have arisen in the future mother's body. Therefore, in this situation, the most reasonable solution would be an urgent consultation with a gynecologist.
Causes of bleeding in early pregnancy
- Attachment of the ovum to one of the walls of the uterus.
- Hormonal restructuring of the organism of the future mother.
- “Colored pregnancy” or “fetal washing” (a condition in which the production of eggs continues after fertilization).
- A condition in which a fertilized egg does not have time to "reach" to the place of its implantation.
- Failed attachment of the ovum.
- Pathology of the cervix.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- The threat of abortion.
- Bubble skid.
Attaching the ovum to one of the walls of the uterus
As a rule, a fertilized egg (fetal egg) is attached to the back wall of the uterus, which is located deep in the pelvis and penetrated by a large number of blood vessels. That is why in this period may cause minor bleeding.
However, during the implantation period, which occurs on days 19-21 of the menstrual cycle, a peculiar inflammation center appears at the site of attachment of the ovum, which improves the process of attachment, and at the same time, limits the influence of the mother's body on the fetus. It is worth emphasizing that this process lasts 2 weeks on average. Therefore, it is precisely because of the “insufficiently reliable” attachment of the ovum to the 5-6 week that its detachment can occur, leading to abortion and accompanied by characteristic bleeding.
Hormonal restructuring of the body of the expectant mother
Some women at the beginning of pregnancy, the level of estrogen is below normal, and, despite the fact that the development of the ovum already occurs, in those days when they should begin menstruation, there is bloody discharge.
"Colored pregnancy", or ablution of the fetus with blood
To date, this state does not have a full-fledged scientific explanation, despite the fact that it occurs in 15% of expectant mothers, who often bear their child, even without knowing it. According to one group of specialists, the washing of the fetus with blood is a condition that occurs as a result of the formation of new blood vessels that are actively expanding around the embryo implanted into the uterus. These vessels, which are in the stage of formation, are very fragile, and therefore are easily injured. As a result, a woman has bleeding, similar to menstruation.
However, other experts say that the ablution of the fetus with blood occurs when, after fertilization, the production of eggs continues.
Color pregnancy is not a dangerous condition at all. However, taking such a bloody discharge for menstruation, many women who are not aware of their pregnancy unknowingly put their own health and health of their future baby at risk. Therefore, experts recommend paying attention to the nature and course of the menstrual cycles, and in case of doubt, do pregnancy tests (especially if it was deliberately planned).
A condition in which a fertilized egg does not have time to "reach" to the place of its implantation
In gynecological practice, there are many cases of bloody discharge in pregnant women at a time when the schedule is monthly. This condition is explained by the fact that after fertilization, which occurred in the middle of the lunar cycle, the fertilized egg did not have time to sink into the uterine cavity (as a rule, this process takes 1-2 weeks). As a result, the body reacted, as usual, that is, the monthly cycle ended with menstruation.
Poor attachment of the ovum
As a rule, the fertilized egg is attached in one of the tube corners of the uterus, but at the same time, in clinical practice there are other localizations (closer to the isthmus). This attachment occurs if the fertilized egg is not immediately attached to the wall of the uterus, but within a few days after leaving the fallopian tube moved in the uterine cavity.
It should be noted that the low location of the blastocyst can also be observed in those women who, shortly before pregnancy, underwent abortions, leading to injury and thinning of the inner layer of the uterus. As a result, the fertilized egg is forced to attach in the place where there is no damage to the endometrium, which can cause various complications, including bloody discharge from the vagina in early pregnancy.
Pathology of the cervix
Some pregnant women have a pathological condition of the cervix, which in clinical practice is called isthmic-cervical insufficiency (ICN). This pathology, which is characterized by premature cervical dilation, develops with uterine abnormalities, hormonal disruptions, birth trauma, or injuries sustained during abortion. This condition can also trigger the appearance of bleeding.
Until some time, bleeding in early pregnancy, as well as nagging cramps, are the only symptoms that signal the development of ectopic pregnancy. This is a very dangerous condition that can cause rupture of the fallopian tube, severe bleeding and peritonitis.
The most frequent cause of bleeding in early pregnancy is the threat of spontaneous abortion. This condition is accompanied by cramping pain in the lower abdomen, as well as severe pain in the sacrum. With timely treatment to the doctor, pregnancy can often be preserved.
The cystic skid is a pathology characterized by a sharp increase and expansion of the germinal membrane surrounding the embryo. If it (germ coat) is rejected, bleeding occurs. This condition requires mandatory curettage of the uterus, as in this case, the further development of pregnancy is impossible.
With regard to bleeding occurring in early pregnancy, associated with sexual intercourse or examination by a gynecologist, they are not dangerous and do not require medical attention.
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