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Allergy to alcohol


Allergy to alcohol

Allergy to alcohol

Allergy to alcohol in recent times occurs more and more often. This is due not only to the steady increase in the consumption of alcoholic beverages, but also the increased incidence of allergies, as such. This is due to immune disorders in the body of modern people.

Causes of Alcohol Allergies

Allergy to alcohol causes its constituent components:

  • ethanol;
  • hops or yeast;
  • preservatives;
  • flavors and colorants;
  • polyphenolic compounds.

Most often, an allergic reaction is caused by ethyl alcohol and dyes as part of cheap wines. There are cases when micronutrients become guilty, which are not even mentioned on the label. For example, many sparkling wines contain sulfur dioxide, which is processed vineyards.

Allergen can serve almonds, contained in certain varieties of mulled wine and liqueurs. Beer lovers may eventually develop an allergy to barley gluten.

Often, an allergic reaction is observed when using complex drinks such as whiskey or tequila, as well as various alcoholic cocktails.

In addition, as a result of the harm caused by alcohol, a person becomes more sensitive to other allergens contained, for example, in a snack.

Alcohol Allergy Symptoms

Depending on the type of substance that caused the reaction, its symptoms may be different. The most common are:

  • redness of the skin on different parts of the body;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • red itchy spots on the skin;
  • swelling of the face;
  • allergic rhinitis;
  • choking symptoms;
  • Redout;
  • pressure change;
  • convulsions ;
  • tachycardia ;
  • fainting.

Quincke edema and anaphylactic shock, leading to death in a matter of minutes, are also among the symptoms of an allergy to alcohol.

These signs manifest themselves regardless of the amount of alcohol consumed - sometimes a very small dose is required for their occurrence, and sometimes they are observed only after excessive consumption.

Alcohol Allergy Treatment

First of all, it is necessary to exclude the cause of allergy, i.e. alcohol itself. In some cases, it is sufficient to simply reduce the dose or completely change the drink and go to those that contain the minimum number of ingredients - vodka or brandy. For this you need to analyze, resulting in a reaction.

Be sure to permanently eliminate drinks, because of which the reaction occurred more than once. First of all, it is necessary to stop taking low-quality alcohol, where dyes and flavors are abundant.

If the symptoms of allergy already exist and are limited to facial flushing, slight swelling, rash, and itching, you can flush the stomach, take an antihistamine drug and stop taking alcohol further. If there is a sharp weakness and it becomes difficult to breathe, you need to quickly seek medical help, because soon there may be convulsions or fainting.

If the symptoms of allergy to alcohol do not occur all the time, and from time to time, it is necessary to examine the gastrointestinal tract and take measures to improve digestion, in particular, to ensure the reception of enzymes and sorbents.

| 26 December 2014 | | 255 | Allergology