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Sunny lichen: treatment

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Sunny lichen

Sunny lichen

Fans for a long time under the open sunlight rarely think that excessive ultraviolet radiation can be harmful to the skin and the body as a whole. One of the consequences for fans of "chocolate" tan is a disease such as sun lichen . This disease looks very unpleasant on the skin, and in the absence of adequate therapy, it becomes chronic with frequent relapses.



Causes of sun licking

The main reason for the development of sun licking is a long stay of a person under direct sunlight or under the influence of ultraviolet rays. The disease develops in people whose body is exposed to certain predisposing factors, which include:

  • Fungal infection in the body - under long-term exposure to direct sunlight, fungi are activated, begin to multiply vigorously, thereby disrupting the acid-base balance of the skin, as a result of which depriving stains appear;
  • Diseases of the liver, gallbladder and biliary ducts;
  • Chronic diseases of the digestive tract;
  • Disorders in the organs of the endocrine system (failure of metabolic processes);
  • Diabetes and obesity;
  • Frequent respiratory infections - as a result of constant colds, the patient's body is significantly weakened, the immune system can not work fully, which creates prerequisites for the development of sun licking under certain conditions;
  • Uncontrolled use of antibiotics and antiseptics for skin care;
  • Incorrectly chosen skin care products, which results in a disrupted pH and a risk of sun deprivation may occur;
  • Abuse of tanning and tanning creams.


Symptoms of sun licking

Favorite places of localization of the pathological process are the back, shoulders and forearms, back of the palms, neck and decollete, temporal region - that is, in those areas that are practically not protected from the sun and are most exposed to ultraviolet rays.

Sunny lichen appears as spots on the skin of different size and shape, painted white, beige, milky, the color of "coffee with milk."

The cunning of sun licking is that the disease may not manifest itself clinically for a long period of time. As a rule, the latent period of the disease before the appearance of the first clinical symptoms is 14-90 days. In most cases, a person pays attention to the appearance of signs of sun licking only in the fall after an active summer holiday and a long stay under the open rays.

The clinical picture largely depends on the stage of sun licking:

  • Stage 1 - is characterized by the appearance on the skin of flat yellowish or pinkish asymmetric spots, which in some cases can itch. The diameter of these spots reaches 2-3 cm, due to the fact that the spots can be both pink and yellow or dairy lichen, often called multicolored;
  • Stage 2 - as the disease progresses, the spots increase in diameter, darken and can merge with each other;
  • Stage 3 - spots are covered with small scales, flaky and itchy.

With sun lichen, the patient has no clinical symptoms other than a cosmetic defect of the skin. Itching can be in very rare cases and does not cause much discomfort to the person.

Diagnosis of the disease

The diagnosis is carried out by a dermatologist. As a rule, this is not particularly difficult, since the appearance of the so-called multi-colored asymmetric spots on the skin is typical for sun licking. When talking with the patient, the doctor managed to find out that shortly before the first clinical symptoms of the disease appeared, the patient was visiting a tanning bed or sunbathing under the open sunshine for a long time.

Since predisposing factors for the development of sun deprivation can be various diseases of internal organs, the patient must be prescribed the following examinations:

  • blood tests: general and biochemical;
  • Analysis of urine;
  • feces analysis (if necessary);
  • ultrasound of the liver, gallbladder and bile duct;
  • fluoroscopic examinations of the digestive canal organs.

In addition, before making a final diagnosis, it is important to carry out a differential diagnosis of sun deprivation with diseases that have similar symptoms: vitiligo, leprosy, syphilis .

Treatment of sun licking

Based on the results of the study, the specialist prescribes treatment for the patient. Sometimes the treatment of sun deprivation is carried out at once by several specialists: a dermatologist together with a gastroenterologist or a therapist.

As a rule, the lichen edema well lends itself to conservative treatment, provided that the patient clearly complies with all the recommendations of a specialist. In most cases, doctors prescribe topical preparations in the form of lotions, creams, sprays, ointments.

Depending on the reason that provoked the development of this disease, the patient is prescribed:

  • Local antifungal drugs;
  • Anti-dandruff shampoos (Nizoral, Dermazole and the like);
  • Spray Miramistin - sprayed on the affected skin;
  • Multivitamin complexes.

Since one of the possible reasons for the development of sun deprivation is a decrease in immunity, the patient must be prescribed a course of treatment with immunomodulators.

In addition to drugs, it is important to pay special attention to the diet: limit fried foods, fatty meats, give up alcohol and strong coffee. It is recommended to use more fresh vegetables, fruits, herbs, cereals.

ethnoscience

Many people point out that sun deprive is well amenable to popular methods of treatment. The most effective means are the following:

  • Broth hips - 1 tablespoon of fruit pour a glass of boiling water, insist, strain and use the infusion to wipe the affected areas. In addition, the broth hips can be taken inside. This drink is rich in vitamin C and helps strengthen the immune system.
  • Sea buckthorn oil - sold in a pharmacy. You can use it in its pure form or add a few drops to any face cream and apply to the affected skin twice a day.
  • Horse sorrel - or "wild" sorrel. Finely chop the leaves, mix with 1 tablespoon of sour cream and apply the resulting gruel on the face. Wash off the mask after 15 minutes and apply any cream.

Disease prevention

In order to prevent the development of sun deprivation, it is necessary to follow simple recommendations:

  • Do not sunbathe under the open sunshine - it is recommended to take sun baths in the scattered shade of trees.
  • The beach is best visited in the morning and evening hours - the optimal time is from 8 to 11 and from 16 to 18 hours. At this time, the ultraviolet rays are not so aggressive and there is practically no risk of sun denying.
  • Before visiting the beach, be sure to put on the skin a special cream with a spectrum of protection appropriate to the type of skin.
  • Do not abuse tanning beds.

Remember that any disease is better to prevent than to cure, so do not try to get a "chocolate" tan on the first day of vacation, sunbathe gradually!


| 7 January 2015 | | 8,081 | Skin diseases
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