Go Sore throat, dry cough: causes, treatment
medicine online

Sore throat: causes, treatment

Content:

Sore throat is an unpleasant symptom that every person has encountered at least once in their life. Suddenly, for no noticeable reason, an unpleasant sensation of slight itching or tickling appears in the throat, and a loud, hacking dry cough begins. Tears protrude in the eyes, the breath intercepts. Stop such an attack can only be a few minutes.

Someone has this symptom almost every day. Someone suffered from an unpleasant manifestation only once. But even a person who has once experienced a similar attack is interested in the question: what caused the sore throat? Is it a symptom of any disease? Let's try to figure it out.



Sore throat: causes of discomfort

Sore throat
Discomfort in the throat can occur for various reasons. Conventionally, they can be divided into internal and external.

External causes include:

  • Long stay in a room with insufficient humidity. It is known that the humidity in the room should not be below 50% -60%. If this figure is lower, then the health and appearance of a person may be noticeable damage. The skin and mucous membranes become dry, and a constant sensation of tickling appears in the throat. In this case, getting rid of the unpleasant symptom is simple: just buy and install a humidifier in the room.
  • Unfavorable environment. In big cities, where smog is a constant component of the air we breathe, there are many times more people suffering from unreasonable coughing and tickling than in the suburbs. Everything is explained simply: exhaust fumes, dust inhalation irritate mucous membranes, causing bouts of dry cough, an unpleasant tickling in the throat. What to do in such a situation if it is impossible to change the place of residence? Carry water with you and very often take small sips. This will help to partially relieve irritation, avoid drying out mucous membranes.

The list of internal causes of sore throat is much more extensive. These include:

  • Bad habits, such as smoking. Volumes of scientific research have been written about the dangers of inhalation of tobacco smoke. The only way to eliminate this cause of cough is to give up cigarettes, cigarettes, hookahs forever.
  • Inflammatory or infectious diseases.
  • Oncological diseases.
  • Allergic diseases.
  • Diseases of the throat non-inflammatory nature.
  • Violation of the central nervous system.
  • Occupational diseases.
  • Side effects of some medications.

Consider each of these reasons separately. We will try to find out whether it is possible to get rid of the cough caused by internal causes.

Inflammatory and infectious diseases as causes of sore throat

Sore throat can be one of the symptoms of inflammatory diseases of infectious and non-infectious nature. To get rid of cough, you need to eliminate the disease that caused it.

Most often, unpleasant, "dry" or "delicate" sensations arise when the following diseases of the pharynx.

Pharyngitis

The most common causes of sore throat and sore throat:

This inflammation of the mucous membranes of the pharynx occurs very often, because it can be caused by different reasons. Experts, by the type of pathogen, distinguish pharyngitis caused by:

  • viruses;
  • fungi;
  • bacteria;
  • allergens;
  • traumatic injuries, etc.

For each of these diseases, doctors have their own approach, but always the same: pharyngitis must be treated without fail. Self-medication can lead to the spread of infection in all respiratory tract. Streptococcal or staphylococcal types of pharyngitis, if left untreated, can lead to bacteria entering the bloodstream and leading to a common infection.

Dry cough and sore throat most often occur in the atrophic or subatrophic form of pharyngitis. The mucous membranes of the patient dry up, become so thin that through them the blood vessels are clearly visible.

To get rid of the symptoms of pharyngitis, you need to drink at least 1.5-2 liters of warm liquid a day, rinse and lubricate the throat with the drugs prescribed by a doctor, eliminate irritating foods from the diet. In advanced cases, antibiotics are prescribed for the treatment of pharyngitis.

Acute respiratory viral infections

ORVI - the scourge of our time. It should end on warm summer days, as the inhabitants of megalopolises and just big cities begin to cough, complain of high fever, general malaise. The doctor usually makes the diagnosis: SARS. So what is this disease and why is it accompanied by coughing, soreness and tickling in the throat?

SARS is not one thing, but a whole group of catarrhal diseases that viruses cause. These include:

  • flu;
  • parainfluenza, which affects the upper respiratory tract and larynx, spreading through the air.
  • adeno-, rhino- and respiratory syncytial viral infections.

They rapidly cover cities, because they are transmitted by airborne, oral, contact (when touched) by. Sore throat and dry cough are just one of the symptoms of this group of diseases. Unfortunately, narrowly targeted potent drugs for many pathogens of acute respiratory viral infections have not yet been found, and in each case, the doctor prescribing treatment is guided by the general condition of the patient. To relieve tickling and coughing, it is usual to prescribe a special, throat-softening tablet, gargle, and the obligatory intake of large amounts of liquid.

Tickling can also be caused by other inflammatory or infectious diseases: sore throat, scarlet fever, etc.

Only a doctor can determine the disease and prescribe effective treatment.

Sore throat as a sign of cancer

Discomfort in the throat can be a sign of cancer. Most often, cancer of the throat or larynx begins. Its initial symptoms are not specific, they are very similar to the symptoms of laryngitis, pharyngitis, SARS or tonsillitis. The first usually occur:

  • hoarseness, hoarseness, tickling in the throat;
  • dry cough;
  • slight pain or sore throat.

Later hoarseness and hoarseness can develop into a complete loss of voice. The swallowing reflex is disturbed, coughing attacks either disappear or become very prolonged. Dryness develops into the sensation of a foreign object that interferes with breathing. Internal organs are affected.

To avoid such a dangerous diagnosis, it is necessary to be tested for tumor markers at least once a year. Doctors select treatment for oncological diseases individually for each patient. Important: the sooner the patient turns to the doctor, the shorter and more successful the treatment will be. Therefore, if the tickling does not go away within a few days, you should consult a doctor.

Causes of sore throat, not related to infection and inflammation

Throat neurosis

One of the most common causes of tickling, not associated with infections or inflammations, is pharyngeal neurosis. This pathological condition is usually caused by disturbances in the central nervous system or abnormalities in the innervation of the pharynx.

Causes of pharyngeal neurosis:

  • Bulbar paralysis. The so-called lesion of cranial nerves, the nuclei of which are located in the medulla. Along with dry cough and sore throat, other symptoms are observed: impaired speech intelligibility, difficulty in swallowing, saliva outflow from the corners of the mouth. Treatment of bulbar paralysis takes time. That is why, if the tickling does not take long, it is advisable to undergo a medical examination.
  • Paralysis of nerve endings after colds.
  • Diseases of the spine (most often - the cervical spine).
  • Complications after diphtheria or tonsillitis (rare).
  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Syphilis
  • Evil or benign brain tumors.
  • Diseases associated with mental disorders. Especially often tickling and cough can be observed with hysteria or neurasthenia.

Hysteria used to be called complex neurosis, which manifested itself in pronounced emotional-affective phenomena or somatovegetative manifestations. At the heart of attacks of hysteria are the peculiarities of a person's character (for example, heightened suspicion), developed under the influence of neuropsychic overstrain.

Neurasthenia is a mental disorder that occurs as a result of a combination of several factors: permanent overwork, mental trauma, endocrine disorders, weakened immunity. Golding is only one of the signs of hysteria and neurasthenia.

Neurosis of the pharynx can have various forms.

  • Hyperesthesia. Usually develops against the background of frequent colds or infectious diseases of the respiratory system. The main symptom of hyperesthesia - hypersensitivity of the pharynx and mucous throat. The desire to cough up to remove from the pharynx a non-existent cause of itch often leads to vomiting.
  • Paresthesia. Most often develops in women in the climatic period, individuals prone to hysteria.
  • Anesthesia. Tickling and coughing may be absent, but the patient's swallowing function is impaired.

Sore throat and bouts of dry cough caused by pharyngeal neurosis are usually treated simultaneously by two specialists: a neuropathologist and an otorhinolaryngologist (ENT specialist).

The consequences of a disease not cured in time can be a complete loss of voice.

Occupational diseases as causes of sore throat

Disease attacks, tickling sensations in the voice and coughing (dry) can be caused by occupational diseases. Usually there are two groups of professional factors that cause discomfort.

  • Air pollution. Constant inhalation of fine or moderately dispersed dust is a powerful irritant to the nasopharyngeal mucosa. Perkhanyu, cough workers are usually exposed to milling and spinning enterprises, miners, librarians or archivists, metallurgists, builders working with concrete, plaster, etc. In this case, eliminate the cough will only help the proper organization of the workplace and good ventilation.
  • Voice overstrain. Usually this is the cause that causes iridescence and coughing in people of creative professions: teachers, announcers, actors, singers. Incorrect voice setting, prolonged tension of the ligaments, the desire to speak louder than your own voice apparatus allows often lead not only to dry cough and unpleasant sensations in the throat, but also to a complete (temporary or permanent) loss of voice. To avoid this, at the first problems with the voice a person should speak only in a whisper, and even better - to observe the regime of absolute silence.

Special tools for the treatment of professional laryngitis does not exist. However, to alleviate the condition, experts can prescribe:

  • irrigation;
  • rinsing;
  • tablets or mixtures, moisturizing and softening mucous membranes and vocal cords.

Folk remedies help to get rid of burning sensation and dryness in the throat. For example, you can boil 4 fruits of figs in a glass of milk, and then use this composition to gargle or drink it in small sips.

Important: professional loss of voice can be avoided if you regularly undergo tests at the phoniatrist.

Allergy as a cause of sore throat

The most common cause of sore throat, dry cough and lacrimation is allergy. That is what they call an inadequate response of the body with certain substances called allergens. The most common allergens that cause irritation of the mucous membranes are:

  • dust (including house dust);
  • plant pollen;
  • animal fur;
  • perfumery;
  • mold;
  • some foods.

Interestingly, in different combinations these substances may or may not be allergens.

The treatment of the hypersensitivity of the immune system is engaged in an allergist. Self-treatment is usually a course of procedures aimed at improving immunity to allergens of a particular type. In severe cases, an allergist may prescribe drugs that can block the action of allergy mediators.

Important: treat allergic manifestations is necessary. A patient who neglects treatment may develop anaphylactic shock that is dangerous to health.

Other causes of sore throat

Sometimes the feeling of a sore throat, dry throat can be the result of taking certain medications. Especially often such phenomena provoke drugs for hypertension or heart disease.

If you take a cough while taking the pills, you get a "dank", the desire to cough, you must contact your doctor for the selection of other drugs.

Sore throat, cough, dry throat - this is not an independent disease, but a symptom of a number of diseases. That is why when these “signs” appear, you need to undergo a thorough medical examination.


| 7 October 2014 | | 57 255 | ENT diseases
Go
  • | Nina | November 23, 2015

    I know that if the throat starts to sore, then a sore throat will begin. The treatment is long enough and until I am cured so the sore throat is (((

  • | Marie | November 23, 2015

    Nina, you know, and even if I start to tickle in my throat, my sore throat will begin and I know that my throat has a weak spot and that it is better not to abuse the cold, but still sometimes ice cream hunting is so great that I eat it a lot. And then I treat my sore throat. True, the last time was quickly able to get rid of pain thanks to tonzilotren. I even did not expect that in a few days of application my throat would pass.

  • | Julia | November 25, 2015

    Worst of all, when the cough is so dry that it tears in his throat. I had one, barely got rid of.

Leave your feedback


w j: My throat have been hurting for about 6 days and it’s not getting better, i can’t sleep or eat and it’s literally hell right now, i’m even struggling with swallowing the saliva ):

Sehrosh Arshad: I have a dry cough because of tonsils. Feel very bad. The video was informative. Can you also get this when you are in tension or depressed?

cyber ghoul: When i drink water it doesnt hurt, but the feeling feels like a sore throat. But when i drink water it kinda feels like the same but water going in.

RAMESH RAJAN: Having a sore throat with fever got doctor visit priscribed zayd500 anti biotics & omnacortil- 20 mg prednisolone dispersible tablets for 5 days

Go
Go