Tincture of valerian instruction manual
The tincture of valerian is a plant-based preparation made from the roots of valerian. The drug has a calming effect.
Dosage form and composition
The tincture of valerian is produced in the form of a transparent liquid of red-brown or yellowish-red color, there is a pleasant spicy aroma. During storage, a small precipitate is allowed. Produce the drug in the form of alcohol tincture in glass bottles made of dark glass with a volume of 25 ml, 40 ml or 50 ml.
The tincture is made from rhizomes and roots of valerian. Raw materials are carefully aged in 70% alcohol in the ratio of valerian - alcohol 1: 5 (in 1 liter of tincture contains 200 g of valerian).
In the tincture of valerian contains active substances such as valerian acid, borneol, essential oil, alkaloids, tannins. This composition helps to inhibit the CNS excitation processes. Thus there is a calming, sleeping, analgesic and spasmolytic effects.
Sedation is slow but stable. Also, the drug, acting on the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract, improves digestion, disperse bile. Spasmolytic effect affects the expansion of blood vessels.
The drug is intended for oral administration. Adults are recommended to take the drug 3-4 times a day for 20-30 drops, diluted with a small amount of water (about 30 ml).
Therapy of valerian tincture is carried out until there are clear signs of improving the patient's well-being.
In pediatrics, the drug is prescribed to children from 12 years of age. Dosing regimen depends on the age of the child - every year of life is equal to 1 drop. Also before use tincture must be dissolved in water. The drug is taken 30 minutes before meals no more than 4 times a day.
It should be borne in mind that the action of valerian does not occur instantaneously. To get a noticeable positive result, you should take the medicine for at least 2 weeks.
Indications for use
The tincture of valerian is prescribed with increased emotional excitability, neuroses, hysteria, cardiovascular disorders, sleep disorders.
The drug is able to quickly relieve an attack of bronchial asthma. Also, doctors recommend it for headaches and climacteric disorders. Often used for the prevention and treatment of angina in the early stages and hypertension. The most positive results can be noted in the complex, systematic and long-term use of valerian with other cardiac, spasmolytic and sedative drugs.
Tincture of valerian is prescribed as a relaxing drug that helps to relieve spasms of smooth muscles with neuroses of the stomach and intestines, spastic colic.
It is noted that the drug activates the secretory function of the stomach and pancreas, increases bile secretion, increases appetite and shows mild anthelmintic effect.
The drug contains alcohol, in connection with this tincture is not recommended for children under 12 years, pregnant women and women during lactation.
Patients with depression and other disorders associated with CNS depression, having increased sensitivity to alcohol and the rest of the drug, tincture of valerian is contraindicated.
During the entire period of therapy, patients must abandon the work with complex mechanisms and management of transport.
Taking the drug can lead to drowsiness, inhibition of some emotional reactions and a decrease in working capacity.
In patients with individual sensitivity to certain components of the drug, allergic reactions may occur in the form of pruritus, rash, swelling, redness of the skin.
In case of consumption of the drug above the therapeutic norm, an overdose may occur, accompanied by serious side effects. There may be pain in the abdomen, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, nausea, drowsiness, headache, weakness, loss of vision and hearing, depression.
The first signs of an overdose require immediate emergency measures. It is necessary to drink a large amount of liquid, provoke vomiting, make a lavage of the stomach and drink activated charcoal.
Conditions of leave from pharmacies
The tincture of valerian is allowed to be dispensed from pharmacies without a prescription.
Terms and conditions of storage
The drug should be stored at a temperature of 10-20 ° C in a dark place inaccessible to children. The medicine can be used within 2 years from the moment of its release.