Thrush in women
- Symptoms of thrush in women
- The causes of thrush
- Chronic thrush
- Treatment of thrush in women
- Treatment of chronic form of thrush
- Treatment of thrush in pregnant women
- Treating thrush with folk remedies
- Diet with thrush
- Danger of thrush and its effects
- Prevention of thrush in women
Thrush or Candidiasis is an infection caused by microscopic fungi of Candida albicans. At the moment it is the most popular infection disease in the world, the implicit form of which affects millions of people. The presence of Candida fungus in the body is a natural phenomenon, and the disease is only their overly active reproduction against the background of a general decrease in immunity. With venereal diseases, candidiasis has similar symptoms and the general course of the disease, but most often sex is not related to infection with thrush. At the same time, the milkwoman is not only sick with women, and treatment is mandatory for both partners, despite the fact that the male form of the disease often has no symptoms. The areas affected by the vaginal fungus are the vagina and labia in women and the head of the penis, as well as the foreskin in men.
Symptoms of thrush in women
The main symptoms of thrush are:
- uncomfortable sensations in the genital area;
- burning and itching;
- discomfort and pain when urinating;
- discomfort and pain during intercourse.
Also thrush may be accompanied by a fever for unexplained reasons and a general malaise common to almost all infectious diseases.
The difficulty of diagnosing thrush at the first stages of the disease is the absence of pronounced symptoms, which manifest themselves much later than infection. The first signs of the Candida albicans fungus infection are burning and itching, which provoke scratching and already associated complications: swelling and swelling. These manifestations of the disease intensify, as a rule, when warming, for example, after a bath or when falling asleep, when a slight tingling can become intolerable and does not give an obsessive burning sensation. Especially brightly the thrush makes itself felt in the premenstrual days, intensifying in all its manifestations.
The main symptom, for which thrush and got its name, are whitish discharge from the vagina. A small amount of colorless excretions is considered normal in intermenstrual periods, but the conversion of this transparent mucus into a cottage cheese-like mass is a sure sign of candidiasis. This symptom can also be seen not immediately, since women who pay attention to uncomfortable sensations often increase hygiene measures and begin to wash out much more often.
Precisely to diagnose can only the expert on the basis of laboratory analyzes and indications of light-microscopic research. Independently diagnose is not recommended, since many symptoms of thrush are similar to those of other diseases, including venereal. Therefore, despite the abundance of drugs dispensing without a prescription, their acquisition makes sense only after a confirmed diagnosis.
Localization of the foci distinguishes 3 types of candidiasis:
The causes of thrush
The relationship of thrush to infectious diseases can serve as a basis for the belief that it is transmitted from another person. In fact, Candida fungi are sufficient in the body itself, they are a natural part of the bacterial environment of the intestine, oral cavity and other mucous membranes. It is important to understand that candidiasis is not the presence of these spores in the body, namely their redundancy.
In a healthy organism, the environment itself prevents excessive reproduction of harmful bacteria, maintaining their normal concentration. Immunity disorders are the main factor provoking an increase in the number of Candida albicans bacteria on the mucous membranes and their concentration in the genital area.
The provoking factors include:
- changes in the state of the vaginal mucosa on the eve of menstruation;
- increased humidity, including sweat or poorly dried laundry, which is the optimal environment for the development of many types of bacteria;
- change in the level of acidity of mucous membranes as a result of the use of means for intimate hygiene;
- allergic reactions to the means used for bathing and hygienic procedures;
- allergic reactions to synthetic underwear and tampons;
- violation of the skin of the vagina during sexual intercourse without sufficient natural moisturizing or lubrication;
- disorders of the endocrine system (including diabetes mellitus);
- general weakening of immunity, as well as age-related changes in the body;
- recovery period after complicated diseases or surgical intervention;
- reactions to hormonal contraceptives, antibiotics, and the like. drug treatment.
Most of the factors provoking the development of Candida relate to weakened immunity and associated allergic reactions to these or those substances. For a long time it was read that thrush provokes and use of poor-quality bed and underwear. Doctors say that they have no direct relation to the appearance of the milkwoman, but indirectly, it can provoke it indirectly. This is most often associated with a violation of normal ventilation, and sweating, as its consequences. In a humid environment, the development of bacteria is more active, thus, in women wearing narrow synthetic underwear in hot weather, the risk of the disease is indeed higher, as in those who commit violations in the normal schedule of hygiene procedures.
In the chronic form of vaginal candidiasis, it is also common to distinguish two types of disease course:
- recurrent: characterized by periodic outbreaks and latent forms, in which the symptoms of the disease do not manifest themselves in any way;
- Persistent: preserving the symptoms constantly, but in a smoothened form.
From the chronic form of the disease, more than 3% of women suffering from acute form of thrush suffer. A sharp increase in the incidence of this diagnosis occurred in the last 5 years through the fault of television advertising, promising a cure without seeking a doctor. Unsuccessful attempts at self-treatment and delayed medical care are the reasons for changing the type of disease. The use of antifungal drugs and unreasonable increase in their dosage cause the opposite effect - exacerbation of symptoms and the transition of the lesion from external organs to internal organs. In chronic candidiasis, outbreaks occur regularly, followed by periods of fading. This complication largely depends on the general state of immunity, and the first task of the attending physician is to identify its primary source. In this case, the standard form of treatment and drugs purchased without a doctor's prescription will not have any effect. Like all fungal organisms, Candida quickly adapts to environmental changes and is no longer amenable to cure according to the usual program, requiring a more detailed and competent approach. Addressing the doctor of both sex partners is absolutely necessary.
Treatment of thrush in women
In connection with the high adaptability of fungi to the external environment, the first stage of treatment of yeast infection is diagnosis. This procedure is carried out both at the first treatment of the patient, and at each relapse phase, since mutations of the fungus could occur even during this period. Based on the data obtained, a comprehensive treatment course is selected.
Local lesions of the vagina and labia are treated with douching, suppositories or topical vaginal tablets. With an uninfected stage of the disease, such measures in the amount of preventive actions are sufficient. The peculiarity of this group of drugs is a superficial effect directly on the site of application, so when complex forms of the disease and multiple lesions they are not effective.
Treatment of thrush usually requires an integrated approach and the use of drugs in several groups: systemic and local antimycotics. Self-medication for this form of thrush, considered the easiest and completely curable, is unacceptable, since the removal of symptoms, rather than their cure, will only lead to the transformation of the disease into a chronic or latent form. Incorrect dosage of drugs has even more severe consequences - mutation of the fungus, in which a significant part of the medicines will not subsequently influence its development. Only the result of the control tests can testify to a complete solution of the problem.
Treatment of chronic form of thrush
Chronic candidiasis is treated in a comprehensive manner, a solution to the problem not only of the development of the fungus, but also of failures in the immune system that provoke it. Therefore, a set of therapeutic measures necessarily includes:
- antimycotic (antifungal) drugs and procedures;
- restorative means;
- means to restore the bacterial environment and microflora of the body.
Preliminary diagnosis in chronic thrush necessarily includes the search for foci of destruction of immunity, that is, the identification of all diseases taking place in parallel. They can be both factors that exacerbate thrush, and its consequences. Unlike the acute form of candidiasis, when the solution of the problem requires only a few days of local agents, chronic treatment takes several months. Its integral part - the course of antifungal drugs in combination with vaginal products. Ensure the success of treatment can only be strictly observed, as at this stage Candida is already resistant to the traditional dosage of the drug and its effectiveness is markedly reduced.
Treatment of thrush in pregnant women
The manifestation of thrush in women bearing fruit is tens of times higher than in the usual situation. This is due to irregular hormonal changes, changes in the chemical composition of the internal mucosa and general changes in immunity. Each 4-year-old child is diagnosed with candidiasis, and several weeks before the birth, the number of cases of candidiasis vaginitis grows again in half, due to changes in the environment of the vaginal mucosa to a fungus that is favorable for development.
The danger of thrush for the pregnant woman and her fetus is difficult to overestimate, its consequences can be:
- miscarriage or premature birth;
- infection of the embryo;
- infringement of immunity of the newborn.
Preliminary examination and treatment of thrush before planning pregnancy will reduce the risk of such consequences. Since the use of many drugs to pregnant women is contraindicated, the main emphasis of treatment is on local drugs, part of the treatment after consultation with a doctor can be done folk remedies.
Treating thrush with folk remedies
Folk remedies are recommended for treatment of thrush only in 2 cases:
- contraindications to drug treatment, for example, when allergic reactions to the main part of drugs occur;
- as a secondary tool that helps restore normal functioning of the body after the appointment of a doctor or in parallel with them.
Most of the popular recipes are aimed at restoring the alkaline balance of the internal microflora, that's why they are in dandruff and douching. The simplest recipes, known for several centuries, are infusions of chamomile, celandine, St. John's wort, birch buds and juniper, used for rinsing or trays of external genitalia.
For rinsing and washing, the following can be used:
- infusion of burdock root (spoon for a glass of boiling water);
- root elecampane (st. spoon for a glass of boiling water);
- St. John's wort (2 teaspoons per glass), infused on a steam bath;
- (5 tablespoons per liter of water), infused on a steam bath;
- Calendula (a spoon for a glass of boiling water).
These same herbs and similar in properties are also used for rinsing the oral cavity and for rubbing the affected areas of the skin, but in this case the tinctures are made with alcohol and diluted immediately before use.
The effectiveness of such procedures is determined by the properties of the medicinal herbs used, their antibacterial action and the ability to reduce itching. Infusions from the oak bark and tampons soaked in this solution are considered the most effective folk remedy, since tannins not only slow down the development of bacterial colonies, but also relieve irritation. Also in the recipes of traditional medicine for the treatment of thrush often enters soda, as the most affordable household alkaline remedy.
Diet with thrush
Since the main task of traditional medicine in the case of treatment of thrush is ancillary, then the role of general strengthening of immunity is also given in many ways precisely to such recipes. During the treatment of thrush, even doctors recommend adding to the diet such strongest natural restorative products as onions and garlic, and also increase the number of natural foods rich in vitamins in the menu.
An additional factor that stimulates both the treatment of the thrush itself and the elimination of the consequences of its treatment will be the restoration of normal microflora. To do this, in the diet should be added natural yogurt with a content of beneficial bacteria. But too sweet samples, like everything sweet as a whole, should be limited, since sugar promotes the development of fungi and can cause a recurrence of thrush.
The optimal set of dishes will be:
- vegetable stew;
- lean fish and meat;
- bean and not sweet cereals;
- Spices and spices, besides proved their incompatibility with fungal diseases;
- bread of coarse grinding.
Contraindicated in all foods whose environment promotes the development of fungi:
- fatty food;
- smoked products;
Danger of thrush and its effects
Late treatment of thrush can cause a number of negative consequences.
- The growth of the lesion and penetration of the fungus into other organs, so from the external form when the Candida afflicts the oral cavity, the fungus can penetrate into the internal organs of the respiratory and digestive system, which will complicate the treatment and increase the risk of the degeneration of the disease into a chronic form.
- Violation of reproductive function in women with the most difficult consequences.
- Hereditary intrauterine infection of a newborn from a mother suffering from a disease.
- Candida sepsis, as a more complex and dangerous form of the disease.
While thrush is not considered a serious illness and many start treatment only if serious manifestations interfere with normal life, the effects of thrush are quite unpleasant, affecting both the rhythm of intimate life and the frustration of the nervous system. Associated with thrush disorders are not only irritability and insomnia, but also migraines from constant lack of sleep and discomfort. Transition of candidiasis into a chronic form is a prospect to eliminate the symptoms of thrush regularly, while provoking its recurrence may be the most insignificant factors from the abuse of sweet to changing hygiene. And in combination with general malaise and weakness during menstruation - thrush is really a disease that can disrupt a full life.
Prevention of thrush in women
Since on the assurance of statistics, the diagnosis of "thrush" in one form or another can be delivered to every fourth woman, then the prevention measures of this disease must be observed, even if its symptoms are not noticeable. Moreover, a significant part of preventive procedures refers to the general requirements of high-grade hygiene and restorative measures. Especially relevant are these recommendations for people with weakened immunity: the older age group, diabetics, pregnant women and people who have been treated with antibiotics that violate the normal microflora of the body.
Preventive measures include:
- compliance with the rules of a healthy lifestyle and diet, as the fundamental principles of strengthening immunity;
- rejection of bad habits (smoking and alcohol abuse) - the main causes of destruction of the body's protective functions;
- Compliance with hygiene measures, especially in public places, to avoid the risk of infection from an outsider;
- observance of precautionary measures during intimate hygiene procedures, for example, thorough washing of hands before genital care and regular replacement of sponges and sponges for intimate care (including categorical refusal to use one hygienic tool for several family members);
- careful choice of funds for baths, deodorants and cosmetic preparations and their individual use;
- Use of underwear made of natural fabrics with a normal level of ventilation;
- maintenance of vaginal acidity at a normal level and preliminary consultations with the doctor before using medicines or dietary supplements that can change these indicators;
- treatment to the doctor at the appearance of the first symptoms of thrush without attempting to treat yourself or with folk remedies.
Your health is in your hands! Observe preventive measures, eat right, lead a healthy lifestyle, and your body will respond to you with a long, trouble-free work.
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