Thrush in men photo, symptoms, treatment
- A little bit about the pathogen
- Causes of thrush in men
- Symptoms of thrush men
- Diagnosis of thrush in men
- Treatment for thrush in men
Candidiasis ( thrush ) is a disease that many have heard about. Most often, it is referred to as female pathology, because a woman’s body, due to its anatomical features, is more prone to the development of this ailment. However, men are also not immune from this disease, which confirms the urgency of the problem and indicates the need for the population to have an idea about it.
A little bit about the pathogen
Candida albicans is a yeast fungus. It has an oval or round shape and does not form a true mycelium. Instead, elongated cells form pseudomycelium. Also, fungi of this kind form spores that are different from other representatives of fungi.
Normally, it is detected in 80% of people and coexists peacefully with the body of its owner. Present in the composition of normal human microflora. If the body is healthy and the immune system is normal, then microorganisms pose absolutely no threat to humans.
Pathological multiplication of candidates in the body can begin when, for certain reasons, the immune system weakens (diseases, taking certain medications), another microflora weakens (due to antibiotics), personal hygiene rules are not observed.
This yeast fungus is often the causative agent of opportunistic infections in HIV-positive patients. Often, it is he who causes outbreaks of nosocomial infections. Therefore, you need to understand that innocuous Candida are only for healthy people and at any time can "go to the side of evil."
Causes of thrush in men
Doctors find especially many candidates in warm and humid areas of the body, which include the oral cavity and external genital organs. It is they who are most often affected by candidiasis. In addition, doctors have to work with patients who, as a result of the reproduction of fungi, have suffered skin lesions or infection in the blood (the most difficult patients).
The disease can be detected in every tenth man, who, for certain reasons, contact a dermatovenereologist for help. Many people do not pay due attention to their health and continue to live in a normal rhythm, not paying attention to the symptoms of the disease. This is dangerous not only in the risk of complications, but also in the fact that such men pose a threat to their sexual partners: a large amount of fungus entering the woman’s vagina at one time can provoke the disease.
Regardless of lifestyle, attentiveness to oneself, observance of personal hygiene rules, certain people have a greater risk of developing candidiasis.
- Patients who have been diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) often suffer from candidiasis, and often die from it. The fact is that with this disease the strongest immunodeficiency gradually develops due to the defeat of individual leukocytes with viruses. As a result, the human body becomes more susceptible to pathogens of various infections. If some microbes still need to be “found” in order to become infected, the fungus of the Candida genus is almost always nearby. As soon as immunity ceases to restrain their development, thrush develops.
Therefore, a dermatologist always remembers this fact and in the presence of severe lesions of several anatomical areas at once, prescribe a diagnosis for the presence of HIV infection.
- Overweight is a real scourge of modern civilization. In developed countries, an increasing percentage of people have a body mass index exceeding the norm. This condition is always accompanied by a thickening of the skin - the habitat of fungi. In addition, people with obesity are sometimes significantly pronounced folds on the body, which makes it difficult to comply with the rules of hygiene and predisposes to the reproduction of microorganisms.
- Patients with diabetes mellitus (both type 1 and type 2). An increase in the level of glucose in the blood always leads to an increase in its level in all tissues of the body. The skin is no exception and is also saturated with glucose. The result is an excellent breeding ground for the pathogen. In addition, diabetes leads to a violation of all types of metabolism in the body and a significant reduction in immunity.
Often a person does not realize that he has diabetes mellitus, but at the same time regularly fights with manifestations of candidiasis. If at the same time there is a thirst, frequent urge to urinate, periodically dizzy - there is a high probability that this is diabetes.
Causes of the disease
- Failure to follow the rules of personal hygiene leads to the fact that the genitals accumulate a significant amount of smegma - a good nutrient medium for microbes. The lack of toilet penis at the same time does not prevent the gradual progression of the disease.
- Separate personal care products can themselves trigger the development of candidiasis. This applies to gels and soaps that can irritate the skin of the penis, its head. Inflamed tissue is more susceptible to the development of the disease.
- Taking antibacterial drugs can lead to the fact that the balance of microflora in the body is disturbed. As a result, fungi will have no natural competitors, and they will be able to multiply uncontrollably, causing thrush.
- Preparations based on adrenal hormones (prednisone and others) are very effective substances that can significantly help a person in a difficult situation. However, they have many side effects, one of which is oral candidiasis. Therefore, if there is a long-term use of these drugs, it is necessary to carefully monitor your body and, if necessary, contact the specialists.
- The presence of human immunodeficiency virus in the body.
- Other diseases affecting the immune system.
- Chemotherapy for malignant neoplasms also greatly reduces the body’s ability to withstand infectious agents.
- Organ and tissue transplantation is accompanied by immunosuppressive therapy in order to suppress the body’s own immunity. This is necessary in order for the transplanted organ to take root and not reject, normally performing the assigned function. At the same time, such treatment makes a person in some way defenseless against many infections.
- A sharp change in climatic conditions and time zones is a serious burden for the body.
- Emotional and physical stress.
Symptoms of thrush men
Symptoms of the disease may vary depending on what type of thrush is observed in the patient.
Candidiasis of the genitals
This form of the disease is the most common. Doctors have to deal with it most often.
- Redness of the foreskin surrounding the head of the penis, as well as the skin covering the head. This is due to the fact that the reproduction of bacteria provokes inflammation of the tissues.
- Swelling of the penis, especially in the head. This can manifest itself in the form of a difficulty in exposing the head and in the difficulty of returning the foreskin to its former place.
- The penis is sensitive to external irritation, it often hurts even in complete rest.
- Under the foreskin, there is a rough discharge, having a cheesy consistency. Under the white film of secretions, it is possible to detect the red, inflamed tissue of the penis, sometimes purulent lesions. If the patient does not follow the rules of personal hygiene, then he may not give this symptom any meaning: smegma that accumulates in large quantities may also look similar.
- Itching in the genital area (most pronounced on the head).
- Unpleasant smell emanating from the penis.
- Cutting pains during urination are the result of irritation of already inflamed tissues with urine.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
Candidiasis of the skin
This form develops in those places where the skin is most of the time gathered in the folds:
- axillary hollows;
- groin folds and crotch;
- skin between the buttocks, near the anus;
- the gaps between the toes.
At the initial stage, patients observe a small, itchy rash, which gradually becomes more pronounced. The area of the affected skin gradually increases and, eventually, becomes covered with a specific curd discharge, having a sour unpleasant smell. If we are talking about the skin between the toes, then it becomes thick, but at the same time soft, easily exfoliated.
In adult men, this condition is relatively rare (only in the most severe cases). This results from the fact that the saliva of the person contains the special substances interfering growth of colonies of fungi. However, sometimes patients are faced with such a problem.
Symptoms resemble those of other forms of the disease. First, the oral mucosa becomes red and sensitive to irritation. After the lesion foci become visible, a bright coating appears on the tongue and other surfaces. When trying to peel it off, the inflamed mucosa is exposed, sometimes bleeding (see photo).
Diagnosis of thrush in men
The pathogen itself is easy to identify. The doctor takes a wand with cotton and picks up a small amount of light bloom from the affected areas. After microscopy and culture methods of research are carried out, allowing to identify the pathogen. The symptoms of the disease are difficult to confuse with something else, especially if the patient has already had thrush before.
If we recall the reasons that can cause thrush in men, it becomes clear that this disease in many cases is just one of the symptoms of something more serious. This thought should be urged by the doctor to regularly relapse of the disease or difficult treatment. Therefore, if necessary, the patient is advised by specialists in other diseases (endocrinologist, infectious diseases specialist, immunologist, etc.). Sometimes it turns out that after referral to an endocrinologist, the patient finds out for the first time that he has diabetes.
Treatment for thrush in men
When treating a disease, you should always remember what caused its development. Otherwise, the patient will again and again encounter candidiasis, suffer about this, have an insufficient quality of life.
Since it was a discussion of local forms of the disease, when the patient's skin was affected, it is better to treat people in such cases with local preparations. The modern pharmacological industry produces quite effective ointments and creams containing antifungal drugs (clotrimazole, ketoconazole, miconazole, econazole). They can be purchased without a doctor's prescription, but you must always consult with a specialist beforehand.
Some patients have a burning sensation in the area of the affected skin while using the cream. If this symptom is mild, then treatment can continue. Severe burning and irritation is a signal to stop using the cream and change the drug. If 2 weeks have passed, and the symptoms of the disease have not disappeared, then you need to contact a dermatologist in order to correct the treatment. You may have to take more powerful drugs.
In addition, you need:
- Carefully follow the rules of personal hygiene. Daily wash the genitals with warm water and soap.
- Carefully monitor blood glucose levels (patients with diabetes mellitus), which will prevent frequent recurrences of the disease.
- Eating a sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables, to lead a healthy lifestyle - this will ensure the normal functioning of the immune system.
- Be especially careful when taking chemotherapy drugs for cancer, immunosuppressive substances for organ transplantation.
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