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Lordosis

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Lordosis Lordosis is called congenital or acquired curvature of the spinal column, mainly in the cervical or lumbar regions with a slight forward deflection. There are 2 types of lordosis - physiological and pathological.

Physiological lordosis is a natural curve of the spinal column, due to which the human body can withstand various loads and keep in shape.

Pathological lordosis is a disease that occurs on the background of the influence on the body of various negative factors. This pathology is characterized by a decrease or increase in the natural curves of the spinal column.



The causes of the development of pathological lordosis

Doctors identify the main reasons for the development of spinal curvature:

  • sprains, bruises and sustained injuries to the back, spinal column in particular;
  • bone disease characterized by calcium deficiency;
  • avitaminosis, insufficient consumption of protein - the main "building" material of all organs and tissues;
  • rapid puberty and rapid growth;
  • overweight and obesity;
  • low muscle mass.

In orthopedics, there are two types of pathological lordosis:

  • primary pathological lordosis (cervical and lumbar);
  • secondary pathological lordosis (cervical and lumbar).


Lordosis of the cervical spine

Primary pathological curvature of the cervical spine develops due to a postponed inflammatory disease or the appearance of a benign or malignant tumor of the spine.

Secondary cervical lordosis develops, as a rule, as a result of a birth injury when a child passes through the birth canal.

An experienced orthopedist will notice the clinical symptoms of a pathological cervical lordosis with the naked eye. The characteristic symptoms are:

  • head low and sharply protruding;
  • violation of posture with a distinct bend of the cervical spine;
  • pain on palpation of the affected area of ​​the cervical region;
  • occurring bouts of pain when turning the head to the side;
  • limitation of head and upper shoulder girdle due to severe pain.

The most frequent cause of the development of the curvature of the cervical spine is a violation of posture - failure to observe the correct position of the back while reading, watching TV, and learning the lessons. Pathological lordosis of the cervical spine in adults occurs as a result of prolonged sitting at a computer with a bent back and failure to observe the correct posture.

Health effects

Regardless of the type of spinal curvature, this pathology negatively affects the human body as a whole. For example, pathological curvature of the cervical spine often leads to impairment of the cardiovascular system and lungs. As the disease progresses and the lack of adequate medical care, there are irregularities in the functioning of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

In addition, people with curvature of the spine complain of fatigue, weakness of immunity, lethargy of the muscles and apathy. This is due to insufficient access of blood to certain organs, which in turn are deficient in oxygen and cannot function to their full potential.

Curvature of the lumbar spine

The primary curvature of the lumbar spine develops as a result of postponed inflammatory diseases of the spine or the presence of benign or malignant tumors in the vertebrae. It is believed that the main cause of the pathological lumbar lordosis is overweight person. Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to the development of this disease, as the growing belly has a considerable load on the lumbar vertebrae.

Secondary curvature of the lumbar spine develops as a result of congenital injuries, such as dislocation of the femur during passage through the birth canal, or due to the development of ankylosis of the hip joint.

Symptoms of lordosis of the lumbar spine

The characteristic clinical symptoms of lumbar spinal curvature are:

  • big belly bulging forward;
  • knees spread apart;
  • noticeable violation of the posture with the naked eye;
  • complaints of the patient to severe pain in the lower back, especially after physical exertion and lifting weights;
  • limiting the mobility of the lower half of the body due to painful attacks of pain;
  • fatigue and a feeling of chronic fatigue;
  • visually noticeable deviation of the pelvis and the entire body back.

Implications for the body

Violations of posture and curvature of the lumbar spine leads to disruptions in the functioning of vital organs and systems, cardiovascular and respiratory. As the disease progresses in humans, there are disturbances in the work of the digestive tract organs and a decrease in the body's metabolism.

Diagnosis of pathological lordosis

Diagnosis of pathological curvature of the cervical and lumbar spinal column is carried out on the basis of a visual examination of the patient's posture and the study of X-ray data. At the initial visit to the clinic, the physician visually assesses the body position and posture characteristics of the patient. In addition to a general examination of the patient, a number of diagnostic procedures are carried out, during which it is established whether the curvature of the spinal column is fixed and whether this pathology is accompanied by a disturbance in the nervous system. During the examination, the doctor probes the muscles of the back and chest of the patient.

If there is a suspicion of a pathological curvature of the spinal column, a person is recommended to undergo X-rays of the spine in two projections - directly and in profile. In order to determine the degree of spinal curvature, lateral X-rays are performed to the patient with maximum flexion and extension of the back. During X-rays, the doctor assesses the mobility of the spinal column in the anteroposterior plane and identifies abnormalities and deformities of the vertebrae.

Lordosis treatment

The primary curvature of the spinal column can only be corrected by surgical intervention. After the surgery, the success of the treatment is correctly chosen physiotherapy exercises, gymnastic exercises, massage and physiotherapeutic effect.

The secondary curvature of the spinal column can be corrected by wearing special bandages, performing gymnastic exercises and massage.

It has already been noted above that most often lordosis of the lumbar spine is observed in pregnant women, since the growing fetus increases the load on the lower back. A good therapeutic effect is observed when wearing a properly chosen bandage, which perfectly supports the pregnant belly and reduces the load on the lumbar region. Such a bandage is recommended to be worn from the second trimester of pregnancy, and it is recommended to take it off every half hour. For the prevention of spinal curvature is very important to perform a set of light exercise.

An excellent result in the correction of pathological curvature of the cervical and lumbar spine brings therapeutic exercise. Physical exercises chosen by the doctor individually for each patient reduce the risk of complications arising in the work of the respiratory, cardiovascular and digestive systems against the background of spinal curvature. Exercising helps to strengthen the muscular system in problem areas. It is important to understand that the positive dynamics of treatment will be noticeable only if the patient performs all the exercises regularly.

Exercise in pathological lordosis

There are simple exercises that help correct posture and pathological lordosis. They can be successfully implemented at home. So, lie on the floor, with the legs and arms to be put on a chair so that a right angle forms between the hips and knees. Use your left hand to reach the space between the lower back and the floor. Performing these exercises, you need to try to maximally draw in the stomach and try to move the pelvis anteriorly. Repeat 4-6 times.

Here are a number of very effective exercises used to eliminate the pathological lordosis:

  • The initial position of the patient lying on his back. Lift your legs up, while throwing them behind his head, and then returning to the starting position. Repeat 4-6 times.
  • Starting position is supine. Do exercises press inflation - rising from the floor, without the help of hands. Repeat 4-6 times.
  • The original position of a person lying on his back. Slowly raise your legs at a 90 degree angle and also slowly return to the starting position. Repeat 4-6 times.
  • Starting position standing. Perform vigorous bending, while reaching out with your hands. Repeat 6-8 times.
  • Stand by the wall. Relax and try your back and waist to fully cling to the wall. Repeat 10 times.
  • Do the tilts to the sides, while holding hands on the sides. Repeat 6-8 times.
  • Stand straight. Rotate the whole body to the right and left, without lifting the heels off the floor. Repeat 6-8 times.

It should be understood that the treatment of a pathological lordosis is primarily aimed at eliminating the cause that provoked the development of the disease.

Physiotherapy treatment of pathological lordosis

Physiotherapy treatment of spinal curvature is the use of the following methods:

  • acupuncture;
  • acupuncture;
  • balneotherapy;
  • electrophoresis;
  • heat treatment.

Physical therapy sessions, as a rule, are combined with physiotherapy exercises. Moreover, medical gymnastics classes are aimed not only at correcting the shape of the spinal column, but also of the pelvis, legs and feet.

No need to save on choosing a chiropractor. It is best to entrust your health professional. Otherwise, an unqualified doctor can not only aggravate the condition of the spine, but also cause new episodes of pain in the patient.

To correct the shape of the spinal column, an orthopedist prescribes therapeutic massage to a patient. A highly qualified massage therapist is able to significantly strengthen the muscular corset, increase muscle tone, eliminate pain and significantly improve the general well-being of the patient.

One of the factors in the development of the disease is the weakening of the muscular system and the vertebral column itself due to insufficient consumption of protein, which is a “building” material for cartilage and muscle tissue. That is why the treatment of pathological lordosis must begin with the correction of the diet.

Food should be rich in vitamins and minerals. Often the cause of the fragility of the bones and weakening of the muscular system is a deficiency in the body of vitamin D, which is produced by the skin under the influence of sunlight. In the autumn-spring period, when the weather is mostly cloudy, the body lacks vitamins, so it is important to monitor the nutritional value. Cod liver, salmon, mackerel, dairy products, eggs, spinach and sorrel should be included in the diet. For the prevention of vitamin C deficiency, it is enough to eat one apple or an orange daily.

People suffering from spinal curvature should understand that the treatment of this pathology is carried out in a complex, otherwise the therapy will not bring the expected result, and the disease will only progress. With existing problems with posture, it is important not to postpone a visit to the doctor. Remember that timely identified pathological lordosis is successfully treated and leaves no consequences for the body!


    | December 3, 2014 | | 2,080 | Uncategorized
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