- Causes of pathological lordosis
- Lordosis of the cervical spine
- Curvature of the lumbar spine
- Diagnosis of pathological lordosis
- Treatment of lordosis
- Physical exercises in pathological lordosis
- Physiotherapeutic treatment of pathological lordosis
Lordosis refers to the congenital or acquired curvature of the spinal column, mainly in the cervical or lumbar regions with a slight forward deflection. There are lordosis of 2 species - physiological and pathological.
Physiological lordosis - it's natural curves of the spine, thanks to which the human body can withstand various loads and keep in a tone.
Pathological lordosis is a disease that occurs against the background of influence on the body of various negative factors. This pathology is characterized by a decrease or increase in the natural curves of the spinal column.
Causes of pathological lordosis
Physicians identify the main reasons for the development of curvature of the spinal column:
- dislocations, bruises and suffered back injuries, spine in particular;
- a bone disease characterized by calcium deficiency;
- beriberi, inadequate intake of protein - the main "building" material of all organs and tissues;
- rapid puberty and rapid growth;
- overweight and obesity;
- small muscle mass.
In orthopedics, there are two types of pathological lordosis:
- primary pathological lordosis (cervical and lumbar spine);
- secondary pathological lordosis (cervical and lumbar spine).
Lordosis of the cervical spine
The primary pathological curvature of the cervical vertebral column develops as a result of an inflammatory disease or the appearance of a benign or malignant tumor of the spine.
Secondary cervical lordosis develops, as a rule, as a result of the resulting birth trauma when the child passes through the birth canal.
Clinical symptoms of pathological cervical lordosis experienced orthopedist will notice with the naked eye. Typical symptoms are:
- Low-set and sharply advanced head;
- violation of posture with a distinct curve of the cervical spine;
- painful sensations when palpation of the affected site of the cervical region;
- arising attacks of pain when turning the head to the sides;
- limitation of movements of the head and upper shoulder girdle due to severe pain.
The most common cause of the development of curvature of the cervical spine is a violation of posture - non-observance of the correct position of the back while reading, watching TV, teaching lessons. Pathological lordosis of the cervical spine in adults occurs as a result of prolonged sitting at the computer with a bent back and a lack of proper posture.
Consequences for health
Regardless of the type of curvature of the spine, this pathology negatively affects the human body as a whole. For example, the pathological curvature of the cervical spine often leads to disruption of the cardiovascular system and lungs. As the disease progresses and lack of adequate medical care, there are abnormalities in the functioning of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
In addition, people with curvature of the spine complain of increased fatigue, weakness of immunity, lethargic muscles and apathy. This is due to inadequate access to certain organs, which in turn are deficient in oxygen and can not function at full strength.
Curvature of the lumbar spine
The primary curvature of the lumbar spine develops as a result of the inflammatory diseases of the spine or the presence of benign or malignant tumors in the vertebrae. It is believed that the main cause of the pathological lordosis of the lumbar region is the overweight person. Particularly susceptible to the development of this disease, pregnant women, since the growing abdomen exerts considerable stress on the lumbar vertebrae.
Secondary curvature of the lumbar spine develops as a result of congenital injuries, for example, dislocation of the femur during passage through the birth canal, or as a result of the development of ankylosis of the hip joint.
Symptoms of lordosis of the lumbar spine
The characteristic clinical symptoms of curvature of the lumbar spine are:
- large protruding belly forward;
- divorced to the sides of the knees;
- visible violation of posture with the naked eye;
- complaints of the patient to severe pain in the lower back, especially after physical exertion and weight lifting;
- restriction of mobility of the lower half of the trunk due to painful bouts of pain;
- rapid fatigue and a feeling of chronic fatigue;
- visually noticeable deviation of the pelvis and the whole body back.
Effects on the body
Disorders of posture and curvature of the lumbar vertebral column lead to disturbances in the functioning of vital organs and systems - cardiovascular and respiratory. As the disease progresses, a person develops disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract and a decrease in metabolism in the body.
Diagnosis of pathological lordosis
Diagnosis of pathological curvature of the cervical and lumbar spine is performed on the basis of a visual examination of the patient's posture and examination of the radiographic data. At the primary reference to the clinic, the physician visually assesses the patient's natural position and features of his posture. In addition to general examination, a number of diagnostic procedures are performed in the course of which it is determined whether the curvature of the spinal column is fixed and whether this pathology is accompanied by a disturbance in the work of the nervous system. During the examination, the doctor probes the muscles of the back and chest of the patient.
If there is a suspicion of a pathological curvature of the spine, it is recommended that a person undergo a roentgenography of the spine in two projections - directly and in profile. To determine the degree of curvature of the spine, the patient is guided by lateral x-rays with maximum flexion and extension of the back. During the X-ray, the doctor evaluates the mobility of the spinal column in the anteroposterior plane and reveals abnormalities and deformations of the vertebrae.
Treatment of lordosis
Primary curvature of the spinal column can only be corrected by surgical intervention. After the operation, the success of treatment is correctly chosen physical therapy, gymnastic exercises, massage and physiotherapy.
Secondary curvature of the spinal column can be corrected by wearing special bandages, doing gymnastic exercises and massage.
It has already been noted above that lordosis of the lumbar spine is most often observed in pregnant women, since a growing fetus increases the load on the lower back. A good therapeutic effect is observed when wearing a properly selected bandage that perfectly supports the pregnant belly and reduces the load on the lumbar spine. This bandage is recommended to be worn, starting with the second trimester of pregnancy, while it is recommended to take it off every half hour. To prevent curvature of the spine, it is very important to perform a complex of light physical exercises.
An excellent result in correcting the pathological curvature of the cervical and lumbar spine is caused by exercise therapy. Physical loads, selected by the doctor individually for each patient, reduce the risk of complications arising in the work of the respiratory, cardiovascular and digestive systems against the backdrop of curvature of the spine. Exercising helps to strengthen the muscular corset in problem areas. It is important to understand that the positive dynamics of treatment will be noticeable only if the patient will perform all exercises regularly.
Physical exercises in pathological lordosis
There are simple physical exercises that help to correct violations of posture and pathological lordosis. They can be successfully performed at home. So, lay down on the floor, with the legs and hands to be placed on the chair in such a way that a right angle is formed between the hips and the knee joints. With your left hand, try to reach the space between the waist and the floor. Doing these exercises, you should try to maximally involve the stomach and try to move the pelvis anteriorly. Repeat 4-6 times.
Here are a number of very effective exercises used to eliminate pathological lordosis:
- The starting position of the patient is lying on the back. Raise your legs up, while hitting them behind your head, and then returning to the starting position. Repeat 4-6 times.
- The initial position is lying on the back. Perform pressure pumping exercises - rising from the floor, without resorting to the help of hands. Repeat 4-6 times.
- The initial position of the person lying on the back. Slowly raise your legs at an angle of 90 degrees and also slowly return to the starting position. Repeat 4-6 times.
- Standing position standing. Perform energetic slopes, with your hands pulling the shins. Repeat 6-8 times.
- Stand at the wall. Relax and try to fully back against the wall with your back and waist. Repeat 10 times.
- Carry the slopes to the sides while holding hands on the sides. Repeat 6-8 times.
- Be straight. Turn the whole body to the right and left, without taking the heels off the floor. Repeat 6-8 times.
Physiotherapeutic treatment of pathological lordosis
Physiotherapy treatment of curvature of the spinal column consists in the application of the following methods:
- heat treatment.
As a rule, physiotherapy sessions are combined with therapeutic physical training. Moreover, the therapeutic gymnastics classes are aimed not only at correcting the shape of the spinal column, but also the pelvis, legs and feet.
Do not need to save on choosing a chiropractor. It is best to entrust your health to a professional. Otherwise, not a qualified doctor can not only aggravate the condition of the spine, but also cause the patient to have new bouts of pain.
To correct the shape of the spinal column, the orthopedist prescribes a session of therapeutic massage for the patient. A highly skilled masseur can significantly strengthen the muscle corset, increase muscle tone, eliminate pain and significantly improve the overall well-being of the patient.
One of the factors contributing to the development of the disease is the weakening of the muscular corset and the vertebral column itself due to inadequate intake of protein, which is the "building" material for cartilage and muscle tissue. That is why the treatment of pathological lordosis should start with the correction of diet.
Food should be rich in vitamins and minerals. Often the cause of the fragility of bones and the weakening of the muscular corset is a deficiency in the body of vitamin D, which is produced by the skin under the influence of sunlight. In the autumn-spring period, when the weather is mostly overcast, the body lacks vitamins, so it is important to monitor the nutritional status. In the diet, you must include the liver of cod, salmon, mackerel, dairy products, eggs, spinach and sorrel. For the prevention of vitamin C deficiency, it is enough to eat one apple or orange a day.
People suffering from curvature of the spine should understand that treatment of this pathology is carried out in a complex way, otherwise the therapy will not bring the expected result, and the disease will only progress. With existing problems with posture, it is important not to postpone the visit to the doctor. Remember that timely diagnosed pathological lordosis is successfully treated and does not leave any consequences for the body!