Deprive a person: photo, symptoms, treatment
- Common signs of depriving a person
- Pink lichen
- Ringworm in man
- Pityriasis versicolor
- Daveri Disease
- Shingles in a person
- Soaking lichen
Deprive is a skin disease caused by viruses or fungi. It is transmitted from humans or animals by contact. However, this is not always the case. Scientists still have not come to a common opinion about why some people are susceptible to infection, while others remain healthy even after close contact with an infected or sick subject.
Despite this, the characteristic features of this group of diseases and the methods of their treatment are well known.
Deprive is not a disease, but a group of diseases caused by different pathogens, but united by a common name.
According to experts, dermatologists are most susceptible to infection:
- Persons with weakened immunity.
- People who have been under stress for a long time.
- Having genetic predisposition (this opinion is not shared by all dermatologists).
- Patients who took some drugs for allergies.
- People who are often exposed to hypothermia or catarrhal diseases.
- Persons from 30 to 70 years old (this opinion is also not shared by all dermatologists).
- All patients whose internal organs work with violations.
Common signs of depriving a person
First of all, it is worth noting that the lichen can occur, both openly and in latent (hidden form).
Deprive can only appear on the local part of the body (most often on the scalp, genitals) or cover the entire skin of the patient entirely.
Regardless of the type of pathogens, the site of infection, the individual characteristics of the patient, there are depriving symptoms common to all. These include:
- Pigmentation disorders. Affected skin may become darker or lighter, acquire a bright red, brown or pink tint.
- Most often in the area of pigmentation changes, peeling is observed, sometimes - the appearance of bubbles filled with a transparent liquid.
- All changes on the skin are accompanied by severe, difficult to tolerate itching.
Common to all types of lichen are preventive measures that prevent infection. To protect themselves from an unpleasant and unsightly illness, people must:
- Strictly follow the basic rules of personal hygiene. You can become infected through someone else's clothes, shoes or hygiene items.
- Do not touch unfamiliar animals or animals with severe signs of illness.
- Children attending kindergartens or schools, other clusters of children, regularly show dermatologists.
Deprive - the disease is unpleasant, but to be completely cured. There are even some varieties of lichen that do not require treatment, but pass by themselves.
Today, the most common:
- Pink versicolor or Giber disease.
- Pityriasis versicolor , which is also known as "colored" or "multicolored."
- Scaly versicolor, popularly known as fish scale or psoriasis .
- Ringworm (also known as " ringworm " or trichophytia).
- Microsporia. Very contagious form, which is often confused with ringworm.
- Soaking lichen, more familiar to most like eczema .
- Herpes zoster , sometimes referred to as herpes.
Each species is caused by a specific pathogen and is subject to strictly defined treatment. The result of untreated deprivation can be permanently disfigured skin or lost hair.
Other names: Zhiber's disease, flaky roseola, pityriasis rosea. This type of acute dermatosis most often (but not always) occurs after a cold, especially on the feet. Statistics say that most often the disease affects people between 20 and 40 years old, and is practically not found in toddlers and very elderly people. Noted seasonality of the disease. Despite the alleged viral nature, most people scaly roseola affects in spring or autumn. Interesting fact: the disease is prone to self-extinction. Regardless of whether the patient undergoes a course of treatment or not, signs of skin lesions completely disappear by 8-9 weeks from the moment the first plaque appears. However, consultation of a dermatologist is necessary, and for several reasons.
- The external manifestations of Giber disease are very similar to the manifestations of syphilis, para-or g-shaped psoriasis, Lyme disease, etc. An dermatologist will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment (if necessary) only after a thorough examination of the patient.
- The use of some ointments, personal care products, perfumes can lead to the rapid progress of the disease.
- Combing spots can lead to scarring and skin disfigurement. The specialist will be able to pick up antipruritic or sedatives (most often, itching is felt by over-emotional people).
Pathogens and symptoms of typical pink lichen
Similarly, the causative agent of Jiber disease is unknown. Some experts suggest that the source of the disease is the herpes virus type 7. Others believe that the disease is caused by one of the respiratory viruses.
The disease begins with the appearance on the body of a large pink spot, slightly flaking in the middle. For most infected people, its diameter varies between 3 and 5 centimeters. Sometimes (rarely) simultaneous appearance of several primary spots on different parts of the body is possible.
As the disease progresses, the scales fall off, the stain acquires a yellowish-brown hue, and at its edges a pink, without scales appears, a rim. Maternal stain (the so-called first manifestation of the disease) looks very similar to a medallion. It is for this characteristic symptom that doctors most often diagnose “lichen pink”.
After one or two weeks, “babies” appear at the maternal spot. These spots are smaller in size, have a brown-pink or pink-yellow center. Their number may be different for each patient. Experts have noticed that secondary plaques are located along the lines of Langer. So called those lines on the body, where the skin stretches the most when moving. In general, the picture of the location of the "medallions" resembles a fir branch.
It is also established that most often plaques appear on the trunk and extremities, and never on the face or neck.
In the course of the study, it was found that about half of the patients with the appearance of spots feel a barely noticeable itching when touching the plaques. A quarter of patients do not experience unpleasant skin sensations, and another quarter of patients (with increased emotionality) complains of a noticeable itch in the area of "medallions".
Atypical forms of pink lichen
Sometimes the disease takes an unusual form. In this case, pink versicolor is called atypical. The symptoms of flaky roseola are no longer similar to the classical clinical picture, the course of the disease itself changes somewhat. In particular, dermatologists have observed:
- The development of the disease without the appearance of the primary maternal stain.
- The appearance of plaques on the face and neck (in exceptional cases).
- Rash in the form of vesicles (hemispherical, bubbles with a clear liquid towering above the skin), pustules (hemispherical abscesses) or hemorrhages (microscopic hemorrhages into the surrounding tissues).
- The development of pityriasis rosea irritata. So called skin changes inherent in pink deprive, but occurring on the skin in places of friction, compression, sweating.
Sometimes the pityriasis rosea irritata plaque is caused by improper use of medications. In this case, they cause very severe itching and require special treatment.
Pink lichen treatment
The doctor most often makes a diagnosis based on an external examination. If the patient reports that plaques on the body are more than 12 weeks old or itchy, the dermatologist prescribes a biopsy (removal of the affected tissue). The analysis is necessary to exclude another diagnosis - parapsoriaz. It is also mandatory to assign tests to eliminate syphilis , erythema migrans or multiforme, mycoses (fungal skin lesions).
Treatment for typical pink lichen is not required. Only in case of severe itching can the doctor prescribe antipruritic drugs (topically). But there are limitations to ease the course of the disease.
- During water procedures you should not use hard washcloths or aggressive detergents.
- Contact of affected areas with hard, wool or synthetic fabrics should be avoided.
- It is necessary to limit the use of cosmetics and perfume. Categorically it is impossible to put them on the affected places.
- Do not use ointments, powders, etc. For unknown reasons, they cause the disease to progress, increasing the number of plaques on the skin.
After 6-8 weeks the disease will pass. However, when combing the “medallions”, a bacterial infection can join the lichen. In this case, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
For more information on pink versicolor, read here: Pink versicolor: photos, symptoms, treatment
Ringworm in man
Ringworm - an infectious disease. Some dermatologists believe that mikosporiya (another name for ringworm) is caused by the fungi Microsporum canis and Trichophyton tonsurans. Others believe that each of these fungi causes its shape by depriving trichophytosis and microsporia. The symptoms of the diseases are very similar, which gives the right to dermatologists to consider them as one disease. However, only people get sick with trichophytosis, while microsporia can get infected from cats and dogs.
Ringworm is the most common disease among “organized” children. In kindergartens, schools, holiday camps, where there are many children and they are in constant contact, infection can occur not only through direct contact with an infected person, but also through microcracks and microfees on the skin. For the development of the disease is enough contact with a hair or a piece of infected skin. Such an infection is possible by direct contact with a sick person or animal, while using the things of the patient. You can become infected in the transport, if you touch the place that the person touched, the patient has ringworm.
Symptoms of ringworm
The incubation period of the disease lasts from five days to two and a half months. At the end of the incubation period, one or more spots appear on the skin. Usually they have the shape of a circle or oval. Most often, dermatophytes (fungi, "loving the skin") affects the scalp. Hair breaks off at a height of less than one centimeter. If the spots are separate and small, the formed prunesina are clearly visible on the head. If the spot is one (and it can be the size of an adult’s palm), the head appears short-haired. Spots do not bother a sick person: only sometimes he may feel a slight itch.
Spots can affect eyelashes, occur on any part of the body. In this case, they look like oval spots scaly in the middle, surrounded by a towering roller. It is the fungus-affected scales that carry the infection.
Since the course of the disease depends on the localization of the fungus and the condition of the patient, its symptoms may be different. Therefore, doctors do not distinguish the stages of the course of the disease, but the types of ringworm.
Superficial Ringworm of the scalp
Scaly spots (one or several at once) appear on the hairy part of the head. Hair at this place at first thin, then break off. The affected skin turns red, small bubbles form on it, gradually turning into yellowish scales. This kind of ringworm delivers not physical, but psychological discomfort. If the disease is not treated, it will recur. In boys - until puberty. In girls, untreated ringworm can become chronic and cause hair loss as an adult.
Superficial Ringworm on Smooth Skin
Externally localized on smooth skin, ringworm is very similar to Gieber's disease or pink lichen. On the skin, the same pink-yellowish or brownish-pink flaky spots are formed. They are surrounded by a bright pink, consisting of bubbles or nodules, a border edged above the skin (a kind of roller). Due to the edging, the affected code appears to be gray.
Giber disease independently passes in two months, and the "hair-cutters" can disturb a person for years. In addition, unlike pink, ringworm is most often (but not necessarily) localized on the face and neck, although it can occur anywhere.
This type of ringworm requires urgent and thorough treatment. In the absence of it, the spots increase, affecting an increasingly large surface of the skin, and the itching becomes stronger. Lack of treatment, especially in girls, leads to the fact that the disease takes a chronic form.
It is found only in women with impaired functions of the childbearing system or the thyroid gland, who had a normal form in childhood. Most often the skin on the temples and the back of the head is affected. In this case, the nidus is called the “black dot”. It is small, no more than 1 cm, but there may be many such foci. The hair in them breaks, in their place a scar is formed, which constantly flakes off.
In addition to the head, chronic ringworm often affects the hips, elbows, palms and buttocks. They are covered with fuzzy scaly spots, the color of which can vary from pink to blue or brown. A woman may be bothered by itching.
Chronic form is not contagious.
Infiltrative-suppurative or deep ringworm
Its pathogens are transmitted to man only from animals, but begin to multiply in the hair follicles. They begin to fester, the skin around it becomes inflamed. As a result, tumor-like, red, lumpy plaques up to 10 cm in diameter are formed. When opening from them pus follows. As the disease progresses, flaky spots replace the plaque. In this case, general weakness, fever, lethargy, and inflammation of the lymph nodes are added to the symptoms of ordinary ringworm.
This is the most painful kind of lichen ringworm. In men, it can be localized not only in the head, but also in the beard, mustache.
Before starting treatment, the doctor conducts tests in order to determine exactly which pathogen caused the disease. Then comprehensive treatment is performed. It combines the effect of ointments, shampoos, tablets, other antifungal agents.
Treatment can take place approximately according to this scheme.
- Local ointments, gels, creams or sprays such as Clotrimazole, Mikoseptin, Terbinafine.
- In the morning: iodine treatment. In the evening: treatment with salicylic acid-containing ointment.
- Vidal milk. It is prepared in the prescription department and includes six fungus control components.
- Inside for 2-3 weeks: Griseofulvin. The doctor can substitute this natural antifungal agent of a narrowly directed action with other drugs capable of fighting the ringworm pathogens Microsporum canis and Trichophyton tonsurans.
In parallel with antifungal drugs, a dermatologist may prescribe immunomodulators and vitamin complexes to boost immunity.
Ringworm is considered cured, if a three-time scraping from the affected area, made on the day of the end of the course, after a week and two months, gave negative results. Otherwise, the treatment must be repeated.
Read more about ringworm here: Ringworm: photos, symptoms, treatment
This disease, the causative agent of which is the fungus Malassezia, has the most names - synonyms. Most of them are associated with the appearance of external manifestations. This versicolor is called scaly, colored, and multi-colored. Due to the fact that most often the exacerbation occurs in the summer, lichen called summer or beach.
The peculiarity of the disease lies in the fact that its pathogens are three different forms of one fungus, which, under certain conditions, can easily pass from one to another.
- Pityrosporum ovale is an oval shape.
- Malassezia furfu - mycelial form.
- Pityrosporum orbiculare is a round shape.
All three forms are constantly present on the human body. But do not bring him inconvenience. Only under the influence of some unfavorable factors, the fungi begin to grow and multiply, causing a serious disease - pityriasis versicolor.
A few decades ago, he hit only the inhabitants of warm countries. Today, when with the development of tourism people began to travel around the world, the disease can strike a representative of any region.
Causes of the disease
Adverse factors that can cause pityriasis versicolor are:
- Systematic visits to tanning salons.
- Long stay on the beach or just under the scorching sun.
- Excessive sweating in the summer.
- Mental, nervous and physical fatigue.
- Immune weakening.
- Licolor versicolor can result from some past diseases: diabetes, Cushing's syndrome, oncology, tuberculosis, or a hormonal imbalance of different etiology.
More often than not, people with overweight, excessive sweating, or oily skin suffer from this variety.
There is an opinion that such an infectious pathology, such as the color lichen, can be inherited. However, some scientists claim that the disease is not infectious, but is transmitted by contact only with a combination of several adverse factors. That is why it is called conditionally infectious.
In order to protect yourself from an unpleasant illness, you should:
- Use only your own things, clothes, shoes, hygiene items.
- Do not spend much time on the beaches or in tanning salons.
- Do not use aggressive gels, shampoos, etc.
You can become infected in the baths, in the common changing rooms, during direct contacts with the patient.
Symptoms of pityriasis lichen
Licolor versicolor has three types (structural):
- The black.
The disease begins with the fact that a lot of small spots appear on the human body (on any place, including the hairy parts). They can be any color from pink to almost black or be colorless. It is this symptom that makes it possible to call the disease colored or multi-colored. The spots have an irregular shape, but their edges are clearly delineated. The affected skin is slightly flaky, the color of the spots does not change when exposed to the sun. Gradually, if you do not start treatment, the affected area increases, and the spots merge into one, very large. The affected areas do not sunbathe for a long time.
Treatment of multi-colored lichen
It is advisable to begin treatment immediately after the appearance of the first spots. Otherwise, they will begin to spread rapidly throughout the body, and the treatment may be delayed for many months.
Self-treatment is not strongly recommended: when using the "wrong" means, the disease will either begin to progress or it will turn into a chronic, very intractable form.
Before prescribing the treatment, the doctor is obliged to examine the patient visually, using a Wood's lamp, to carry out a microscopic analysis of the scales. Research is required. Only they will help to distinguish the external manifestations of depriving from very similar symptoms of leprosy (leprosy), secondary syphilis, other types of depriving or acute dermatosis.
In most cases, prescribed drugs for the treatment of local action. It can be:
- Antifungal ointments or sprays: Ketoconazole, Mykozolon, etc.
- Salicylic acid-containing lotions, soaps and shampoos: Nizoral, Sulsen, etc.
- For severe lesions, the doctor may prescribe antifungal drugs (for example, fluconazole) inside.
Interestingly, in the treatment of pityriasis versicolor are often used folk remedies.
- Insist on a bath mixture consisting of 3 tablespoons of eucalyptus and the same amount of succession, filled with 800 g of boiling water. Use for ablutions, baths, compresses.
- Three or four times a day, wipe the stains with fresh onion juice.
During treatment, it is necessary to carry out work on disinfection or complete destruction of objects with which the sick person has been in contact.
- A washcloth, float for heels, brushes and nail files to destroy.
- All clothes boil.
- Wash clothes in chlorine-containing solutions.
- Process the same room with the same solution.
It is important to know: even with timely and qualified treatment, the lichen can recur if prevention measures are not followed.
For more information about pityriasis versicolor read here: Pityrias versicolor: photos, symptoms, treatment
The causative agent of the disease is not installed. It is only known that the basis of the pathology is the process by which follicular plugs form in the epidermis (outer layer of the skin). The skin around them is moderately inflamed, and the corks themselves are very similar to yellow or white asbestos scales. After a few years or months (if the disease is not treated), they develop into small papules (rash) of red or yellow color, inside of which is gun hair. Papules have a sharp scaly top. If you hold your hand over the damaged skin, the sensation will resemble stroking a grater. Gradually, plaques can move from the scalp to the body, especially in those places where the skin stretches, rubs, sweats. Owls time papules increase, merge, forming red dense plaques and white peeling in the middle. Around them are formed soft "satellites". If the plaques are placed on the palms, then the skin in places of the scales can crack deeply. Externally, plaques are similar to psoriasis, therefore, to establish an accurate diagnosis, laboratory research is required.
Treatment of the disease
The patient is hospitalized only in very severe cases. Usually for the treatment prescribed:
- Emollient creams with vitamins A, B2, B12, E, etc.
- UV treatments.
- Sea baths.
- Complex physiotherapy, sometimes - photochemotherapy.
Shingles in a person
Only those who previously had smallpox (in an open or hidden, latent form) can become ill. The fact is that after the chickenpox, which usually sick children, in the body for a lifetime remains some amount of "dead" virus. Under the influence of adverse conditions, the virus “wakes up”, is activated, causes acute inflammation in the nerves, where it has been “dozing” all these years and the skin covering them.
It is believed that shingles affects only people of retirement age. However, today more and more people of younger age are also subject to the disease.
Symptoms of Shingles
The disease begins with a feeling of general malaise, fatigue, subfibril temperature, headaches. In this state, a person may be a few days. Sometimes intestinal disorder joins the general malaise. The unpleasant sensation along the nerve trunks gradually increases, where later rashes will appear. Sluggish onset of the disease gives way to an acute period.
- The temperature rises sharply to 39 ° -40 °.
- Increases intoxication common in high temperature: headache, chills, aches, etc.
- Where the affected nerve is projected onto the skin, pink rashes appear. In the first two or three days they are hardly noticeable and do not exceed half a centimeter in diameter. On the third day, they turn into clearly visible groups of bubbles filled with clear liquid. The bubbles are located on the face along the trigeminal nerve, in the intercostal space, on the genitals or along the nerve trunks of the arms and legs.
- There is a strong, poorly tolerated burning pain in places of skin formations. She is particularly worried at night.
- In the affected areas, paresis (weakening of voluntary movements) of the nerves, difficulty of motor functions is observed.
- Lymph nodes are enlarged.
After a week (approximately) dried bubbles turn into crusts, which later fall off independently after a month. The condition is normalized, however, neuralgic pains can haunt the patient for more than one year.
Shingles can occur differently.
- The initial rash may not turn into a papule, but regress (disappear). This is an abortive form.
- The rash can merge into very large blisters filled with a mixture of blood, lymph and pus. This is a bullous form.
- In the generalized form, the rash spreads not only on the skin, but also on all mucous membranes.
Herpes zoster has such bright and characteristic symptoms that the doctor can make a diagnosis after a visual examination of the patient.
The treatment is aimed at relieving painful symptoms.
- In the first three days after the onset of malaise, antiviral acyclovir is prescribed. With later appeals, it is not effective.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to reduce pain. This may be Meloxicam, etc. drugs.
- Antiallergic medicines are prescribed to relieve itching.
- For removal of general intoxication - droppers and diuretic drugs.
- The affected areas are treated with "green paint", ointments with acyclovir, etc.
Sometimes shingles affects the nervous system, causing sleep disturbances, anxiety, and neuroses. To eliminate these symptoms, the doctor may prescribe light sedatives or hypnotic drugs, antidepressants.
For more information about shingles, read here: Shingles: photos, symptoms, treatment.
Psoriasis, scaly zoster or “fish skin” is a non-infectious disease affecting the skin of men and women on the elbows, knees, in the area of large joints. However, it has been observed that today psoriasis can affect soft tissues, nails, feet, palms and any other part of the body.
The age of the sick also varies. If earlier scaly deprive struck persons of 20-40 years, then today it is diagnosed even in adolescents.
Since the exact causative agent of the disease is unknown, psoriasis was attributed to her lichen due to its type: silvery scaly patches resemble lichen.
Causative agent of scaly depriving, symptoms
The causative agent is unknown. There are many diverse theories, each of which has its own observations, but to the end, none of the theories have not been fully proven.
Most often red with white bubbles the size of a pinhead appear on the elbows, knees, hair. Gradually they grow into plaques, increase. The pattern of the affected skin becomes similar to a topographic map. The place struck with plaques resembles fish scales, for which the disease got its popular name. Later, the rash can spread to any other skin areas. Primary rash or exacerbation of the disease may be accompanied by severe burning, fever, general malaise.
In the first stage, when the bubbles appear and grow, any damage to the skin (for example, a shot or sunburn) can cause a sharp increase in the rash.
In the next stationary period, the amount of rash does not increase, but the exfoliation sharply increases. In this period, the skin often changes color.
The third stage - the disappearance of external symptoms. The sensation of itching and burning may persist for months. Sometimes psoriasis affects the joints. This complication is called psoriatic arthritis. Patients feel pain in the interphalangeal joints, the sacrum, and the spine. The affected joints swell up, stop moving normally. Lack of treatment can lead to systematic dislocations, joint deformities, and complete disability.
There are no specific methods for diagnosis today. If blood tests show autoimmune, rheumatic, or inflammatory processes, and there are specific lesions on the skin, the doctor should prescribe a biopsy.
Today, more than 20 psoriasis treatments have been developed, none of which can guarantee a quick and complete cure. Treatment depends on the phase of the disease and the location of the dislocation of the lesions.
- At the first stage, injections of vitamins, sensitizers or histamine preparations are practiced.
- At the same time, corticosteroids, sedatives are prescribed.
- At the stationary stage, injections of staphylococcal antitoxins, autohemotherapy, and ultraviolet light are often recommended.
- Severe forms can be cured with the help of plasmapheresis, cytostatics.
Currently, experts have learned with the help of various techniques to alleviate the patient’s condition by keeping the disease in the stationary stage.
What should I avoid with psoriasis?
Most dermatologists are inclined to believe that the source of the disease may be impaired immunity, turning into allergic reactions of a very slow type. Based on this opinion, patients with psoriasis should:
- Avoid nervous, mental and nervous surges.
- With the help of specialists, eliminate possible psychosomatic manifestations.
- Avoid contact with aggressive substances.
- Keep hands away from injury, including microscopic, during physical work.
- Regularly checked by an endocrinologist.
Timely treatment and compliance with all precautions can slow down or even stop the development of the disease for many years.
Read more about psoriasis here: Psoriasis: photos, symptoms, treatment
Licking lichen or eczema is not one, but a whole group of diseases, united by a common name. Eczema is not contagious, periods of remission of the disease alternate with moments of exacerbation.
Symptoms of licking lichen
Despite the huge number of forms of the disease, the main symptoms of the disease are the same.
- The skin is red, swollen.
- On it there are small bubbles filled with liquid. Depending on the type of eczema, they can have different shapes and colors.
- An unbearable itch appears.
- Bubbles begin to burst, forming scales, deep cracks, multi-colored spots on the skin.
Each type of eczema can have its own symptoms.
- With true eczema, the skin is affected symmetrically. Bursting bubbles erupt serous fluid. This gave the name of the disease - weeping.
- Microbial eczema may develop at the site of chronic foci of infection.
- At the site of injury - paratraumatic.
- Sometimes a fungus joins eczema, and then peeling increases many times over.
- On the hands is usually localized dyshidrotic form, which is characterized by strong weeping, burning, intolerable itching.
- The varicose form develops at the site of trophic disorders and distinguishes the bluish color of damaged skin from others.
- The seborrheic form with red flaky spots develops where the sebaceous glands pass (in the hair, on the buttocks).
If you comb the damaged skin, then the wounded infection can complicate the course of the disease.
Treatment for licking lichen
Since eczema can be caused by various factors, from nervous disorders to endocrine disorders, the primary task in treatment is to eliminate the factor that provoked the development of eczema. Treatment should be comprehensive.
- To relieve allergic manifestations, intravenous and intramuscular injections of potassium, calcium, and sodium preparations are used.
- Prescribe antihistamines of different generations.
- The severe form is treated with the help of hormones-corticosteroids, for example, prednisone.
- To enhance immunity, immunoprotectors, such as decaris, are necessary.
- General intoxication is removed by hemodez and the use of diuretic drugs.
- Damaged skin is subject to local treatment with ointments, gels, etc.
- Often use physiotherapy.
Mandatory treatment condition - adherence to a hypoallergenic diet. Do not contact with any chemicals, water. Any work that could injure the skin should be done with gloves.
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