Go Lymph nodes on the back of the head: location, photo, causes and treatment of inflammation of the occipital lymph nodes in a child
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Inflammation of the lymph nodes at the back of the head


The human lymphatic system consists of an open network of vessels along which the lymph moves, and nodes in which the process of its purification takes place. Knowledge of these basic things allows you to better understand the causes of inflammation of the lymph nodes at the back of your head and to make a competent forecast of the development of the disease.

Symptoms of inflammation of the lymph nodes on the back of the head

Occipital lymph nodes location photo The occipital lymph nodes are located on the back of the neck and are normally not palpable or visualized. That is, in the absence of pathological processes, a healthy person may not even know where they are and what size they are. Photos of the location of the occipital lymph nodes you see on the right.

With inflammation, the lymph nodes are enlarged and rounded tubercles are formed on the back of the neck, which can be extremely painful on palpation. Pain can also manifest itself without pressure on the focus of inflammation, which indicates an acute process. The skin at the site of the lymph node usually looks, however, the local body temperature rises. The swelling of the lymph nodes at the back of the head can be both bilateral and unilateral. Often this process is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Fever, fever, chills;
  • Signs of intoxication, nausea, dizziness, lack of appetite;
  • With suppuration, the area around the lymph node reddens and becomes loose to the touch, and throbbing pain appears. During palpation there is a crunch, which resembles a sound, as if you had stepped on a snowy frosty morning.

Since lymphadenitis does not develop as an independent disease, but is secondary, symptoms of the underlying pathology can join the picture described.

Causes of inflammation of the lymph nodes at the back of the head

Lymphadenitis can be specific and non-specific.

Specific lymphadenitis is a diagnostic symptom of serious infectious diseases, which should be excluded first of all:

Also, inflammation of the occipital lymph nodes may indicate leukemia or rheumatoid arthritis .

Nonspecific lymphadenitis develops due to the presence of the source of infection in the immediate vicinity of the lymph nodes. In this case, most often we are talking about chronic processes, such as:

Lymphadenitis may also indicate the development of an allergic reaction or, conversely, a decrease in immunity. Occipital lymph nodes may also increase in the terminal stages of cancer in some categories of patients.


Lymph nodes on the nape

As soon as you find that your lymph nodes in your neck have increased, you should immediately visit a doctor. If symptoms are increasing rapidly and there is general malaise and a sharp jump in body temperature, then you should call an ambulance. The rapid development of the clinical picture may indicate the development of severe complications, such as meningitis.

Any diagnostic measures for lymphadenitis begin with an external examination, which is carried out by a doctor. Required medical history.

If there are no obvious causes of inflammation of the cervical lymph nodes, for example, angina or measles, then an instrumental examination is performed. To exclude tuberculosis and chest cancer, fluorography or X-rays can be prescribed, as well as appropriate blood tests.

If it is not possible to establish the etiological factor by the methods described above, a biopsy of the pathologically enlarged node is assigned, followed by examination of the contents.

All diagnostic measures should be carried out immediately, as there is a high risk of developing emergency conditions.

Inflammation of the occipital lymph nodes: treatment

In the case of an enlarged lymph node at the back of the head, only therapy for the underlying disease is effective. Before the arrival of the doctor, you can apply a cold compress to the affected area and, if necessary, take antipyretic or analgesic. In no case can the lymph nodes be warm. This refers to lymphadenitis of any location, including the occipital. In this case, the purulent process may become more active, which will lead to the development of sepsis, a severe emergency that is characterized by high mortality.

For the treatment of diseases in which the lymph nodes on the back of the neck are inflamed, drugs of various pharmacological groups are used:

  • Antibiotics;
  • Anti-inflammatory;
  • Immunomodulators and many others.

The treatment can be carried out as in a hospital - in case of detection of tuberculosis or oncological diseases - or on an outpatient basis (otitis, sore throat, advanced caries, gum diseases, etc.).

If the infectious process is chronic, then for effective treatment it is advisable to make a sputum or purulent discharge for sensitivity to antibiotics. Too great a chance that during the years of treatment of exacerbations, microorganisms have developed drug resistance to the most common drugs.

Complications of lymphadenitis

In the absence of timely and adequate therapy, inflammation of the lymph nodes at the back of the head can be the cause of generalized sepsis. At the same time, the infection and toxins enter the bloodstream and spread like lightning throughout the body. The process proceeds very quickly, and the symptoms increase instantly. The prognosis for this outcome is generally unfavorable. Immediate medical care is required in the hospital with an intensive care unit and intensive care unit.

The proximity of the cervical lymph nodes to the brain can contribute to the development of meningitis, which is very difficult and is characterized by high mortality and terrible complications.

An increase in the lymph nodes at the back of the head in young children, pregnant women and people with immunodeficiency is particularly noteworthy, since these groups are particularly susceptible to any infections and have serious limitations on certain types of diagnostic procedures and drug therapy.

| 13 May 2015 | | 28 655 | Surgery
  • | Natalia | August 20, 2015

    Hello! Obviously my lymph node was inflamed on the back of my head, accompanied by pain and a burning sensation during palpation. Could the use of lice shampoo provoke inflammation? thank

  • | Irina | August 31, 2015

    Hello. Tell me please. Bumps appear on the head. What is it?

Leave your feedback

Fitore Bilalli: I'm a 14 year old child and I do have this . I went to the doctor and did all the procedures , MRI and those kind of things . Now I'm waiting when the doctor will call me to go to be operated , to say the truth I was scared as hell . But after I watched this video now I'm not afraid like I was . Since the wound is closed by putting from outside those stitches or sticks (Idk how to call them) , it isn't any danger , right ?

Francislilygirl Gaming YT: Is it a good sign if the lymph node is a bit smaller now cause I had a swollen lymph node for a few weeks but now it’s smaller now,Before it was small but now it’s smaller

Jack erez: My dad had Non-hotchkins. I’ve had a lymph node on my neck my whole life, and the doctors have never said anything about the lymph node being bad. I still have anxiety about possibly having cancer, though. Occasionally I get new lymph nodes on my neck as well. So... yeah scary stuff.