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Rubella in adults: photo, symptoms, treatment, prevention

Content:

The disease called "rubella" refers to those diseases that many infect in childhood. At this age, it proceeds fairly quickly and easily, and after recovery, the likelihood of re-infection is almost zero. But in adults who have become infected with a virus, the disease can take a more serious form and will be transferred much more heavily than children.

Such a "talking" name of the disease was due to the fact that a red rash appears throughout the body of the patient. You can get it from an infected person. Most often this occurs within a few days after the incubation period, or in the first five days of the disease.



Causes of Rubella Virus Infection

Rubella in adult photo symptoms The pathogen itself belongs to the Togavirus family. The virus can multiply, parasitizing on many cell cultures, but it has only a few of them cytopathic effect. By the way, the rubella virus can agglutinate red blood cells even in the blood of pigeons and geese, however, the external environment can serve as a reason for its destruction. It will die on drying or if the pH falls below 6.8 or rises higher than 8.0. Not only ultraviolet, but also ether, formalin and other disinfectants are detrimental to it.

It is easy enough to get infected with a virus because it is transmitted by airborne droplets. Usually, the disease occurs during contact with someone who is already infected. It is also possible that an infected person will transmit the virus to another at a time when he himself did not know about his illness. This happens during the so-called incubation period, which can last a week until the first signs of illness appear. A person remains contagious even a few weeks later after a rash on the body appeared. At this time, the patient represents the greatest danger to others, since he himself does not know about his illness and does not take any preventive measures.

To prolong the life of the virus, low humidity and fever are necessary. The surge in incidence occurs in spring and summer, but with careful observance of the prescriptions of epidemiologists, the development of complications can be avoided.

Symptoms of rubella in adults

Rubella in adult photos Symptoms of the disease will begin to appear approximately on the fifth day after the infection itself.

  1. The main diagnostic sign will be the appearance of a red rash on the body. In adults, this rash will "merge" among themselves. As a result, a lot of red spots will form on the body. First, small marks will appear on the nose, behind the ears. Later they can be observed throughout the body. Usually rash lasts no more than a week, and then gradually fades away. This symptom is a consequence of the agglutination of red blood cells.
  2. Before the rash appears or at the same time as the patient, the temperature will rise. Its values ​​can reach 40 degrees. In patients who have a difficult fever, it is extremely difficult to reduce the temperature in rubella.
  3. On the second day after the appearance of the first signs of the disease, the lymph nodes may increase in an adult. This can occur locally (either under the arms or on the neck), or simultaneously in all places.
  4. Often during the debut of the disease there is a headache that does not stop with standard migraine preparations.
  5. The patient will completely lose his appetite and begin to feel nauseous. This will occur due to the fact that the body will accumulate toxic products from the life of the virus. Excessive drinking usually helps relieve symptoms of intoxication.
  6. The patient may feel pain in the muscles and joints. It is very similar to the one that occurs when colds.
  7. Adults can confuse the initial form of rubella with the flu, because there is a runny nose, cough and sore throat. However, no drugs for ARVI in this case do not help.
  8. Appearance of photophobia is not excluded. Bright light can cause tearing and discomfort. The patient feels much worse if parallel conjunctivitis develops. This usually occurs on the third day of the active phase of the disease. In the morning, a person simply cannot open his eyes - eyelashes stick together from pus.



Methods for diagnosing rubella

In order to determine rubella in an adult, a serological diagnosis can be performed. The growth of titers of immunoglobulins M and G will be determined.

Separately, you can select a method such as a complete blood count. It will relate to non-specific diagnostic methods, however, it allows you to see lymphocytosis during general leukopenia. ESR will also be increased.

Additional diagnostic procedures are prescribed for the development of complications. If there is a possibility of pneumonia, then radiography is performed. If there are prerequisites for the development of any neurological disorders, it is necessary to resort to the EEG of the brain. Otitis often develops after rubella.

Treatment of rubella in adults

To date, there are no specific methods for treating rubella, so supportive therapy is prescribed to eliminate and alleviate the symptoms.

  • If the patient suffers from fever, it is necessary to take antipyretics.
  • Be sure to drink plenty of liquids and strict adherence to bed rest. Going out as rarely as possible. During the illness, the adult's immunity will be lowered, and this increases the risk of additional infection.
  • If the patient has all the signs of photophobia, then it is worth specifically darkening the room to alleviate the patient's condition.
  • Sometimes the doctor may prescribe immunostimulating drugs.
  • In cases of itching, antihistamines and glucocorticoid-based ointments can also be used.

Secondary infection after rubella is almost impossible. In severe cases, the patient may be hospitalized.

Rubella prevention in adults

Most often, those who contracted rubella virus are simply isolated until they are cured. The minimum quarantine period is 5 days. If there is a pregnant woman in the house where the patient lives, then it is recommended to extend the period of isolation to three weeks.

In order to prevent disease, it is recommended to air the room and regularly carry out wet cleaning. It is advisable to avoid long trips and close contact with people for another three weeks from the time of recovery.

Specific prevention is carried out with the help of a specific vaccine. Primary vaccination is carried out at the age from 1 year to 7 years, then the vaccine can be re-administered after the child reaches 14 years of age. Adults are vaccinated as desired. For this purpose, a preliminary blood test for the presence of rubella immunity is carried out. Usually such a procedure is carried out before the planned pregnancy. It must be remembered that after vaccination it is necessary to prevent pregnancy for at least 3 months. Vaccination of pregnant women is not possible.

Most often at the same time vaccinated against measles, parotitis and rubella. This approach, although it increases the load on the body, however, allows you to effectively control the increase in incidence. Immunity is formed after 20-25 days from the moment of vaccination and protects a person for 20 years from the moment of vaccination.

Rarely, within two weeks of vaccination, there is a cough, rhinitis, rash, or an allergy to the drug. But, as practice shows, it happens only in 10-12% of all vaccinated.

There is no specific prevention of the disease in cases when a person is diagnosed with:

  • Leukemia;
  • Lymphoma;
  • Other oncological diseases.

It is impossible to carry out vaccination during pregnancy, as well as during any immunodeficiency states.

There is evidence that even a live vaccine will not be able to give an absolute guarantee that reinfection will not occur. Experience has shown that if the vaccine was given to an adult, the risk of the disease will simply be reduced, but it will not disappear at all. Similar facts appeal to mothers who oppose compulsory vaccination.

Features of the flow of rubella in pregnant women

It is very important to timely diagnose rubella in pregnant women who have been in contact with carriers of the virus. Then it will be possible to detect the virus at the earliest stage and determine how likely the baby is infected in the womb. This analysis is carried out no later than the twelfth day after infection. If immunoglobulins G are determined in the blood by the results of a serological study, this suggests that the mother has already developed immunity to rubella, respectively, there is no reason to worry about the baby's health. If only immunoglobulins M are determined, it is urgent to take action.

Rubella disease during pregnancy can lead to serious fetal development disorders. If the disease occurred in the first trimester, then the probability of pathologies in the baby will be about 90%, if the infection occurred in the second trimester - 75%, and in the third - 50%.

Most often, due to this disease, the baby may have congenital heart disease, deafness, pathology of internal organs, mental retardation, vision problems. As practice shows, in one case of seven, a child can be born dead. Most often due to rubella mother disease, doctors recommend abortion.

The World Health Organization has introduced vaccination measures to reduce congenital rubella syndrome in children. Therefore, in childhood, adolescence and childbearing age, all girls and women are vaccinated.

Before conceiving a baby, a woman must also donate blood for analysis, which will show the presence of antibodies. If they are not identified, then three months before the start of active pregnancy planning, vaccination is done.


| 26 April 2015 | | 1 575 | Infectious diseases
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Carolann Cannuli-Denton: What was suggested as a plant based toxin..to prevent German measles beginning 1900's..for pregnant females in Germany??Leading to brain disorders causing precursor to psychopathic tendencies..resulting in..etc etc etc etc etc etc ...and so on.

Da Da Da: Wooooah...Praying for the peeps who are getting the measles that’s spreading all over NZ and Samoa 🇼🇸 Big Big news...We need to probs make a charity

Pippa pig: My partner’s baby had the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) jab. When he was 6mths old and died because of it. I wouldn’t recommend any vaccines to anybody. There’s an agenda going on and it’s not in the interest of the people.

Daniel Blaha: It's like getting the flu. You just stay in bed, drink lots of water, deal with the fever and wait about six weeks. The only way you could die from Measles is the same as any other virus. If you have a weak immune system or your frail and old (chances are you 've already had it) or you don't stay in bed and get over it. BTW> The biggest risk if you haven't Measles as a kid is when you are in your 50's you contract it in the form of Shingles and they are excruciatingly painful. Most men get these lesions on their forehead and temple and women often get them on their back. You are better off getting them when you're young, that's a fact. Measles has an incubation period of about six weeks so you never really know who you got them from. However, once the population gets over it, everyone is then immune for ever.

Bo Brother: Disneyland measles outbreak was all staged. The infections were real, but it was caused by the vaccine industry criminal behavior in order to achieve a political purpose.

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John Werahiko: Is this saying.. 1. The only carriers are non vaccinated children 2. If your kids are vacinated why wrry that they'll get it

Claudio Rojas: We also thought that the rumor of the MMR vaccine causing Autism was just an internet thing, so we decided to vaccinate our kids, so we crossed our fingers and hope we were right. After our son got the shot, he got a fever of 105, slept for several hours each night for 3 days in a row, had a dramatic change of personality and became autistic after. The MMR is a dangerous vaccine loaded with Glyphosate if You care about your children You most stop vaccinating and research these toxic shots yourself. Your doctors will not care they are making extra money to push vaccines.

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