Conjunctivitis in children
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the organs of vision (conjunctivitis) is more susceptible to children. This may be due primarily to poor hand hygiene, especially in the hot season, when all conditions are created for the rapid reproduction of pathogens. The main causative agent most often becomes staphylococcus, falling on the mucous membrane of the eyes from the hands at the moment of rubbing, along with street dust. Conjunctivitis is the most dangerous because its complication can cause inflammation of the cornea, which leads to loss of vision. The immunity of young children is rather weak in order to cope with the infection on their own. In some cases, the disease provides for the hospitalization of a sick child in a specialized institution.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis in children
Symptoms of conjunctivitis in children may be as follows: redness of the mucous membrane of the eye, swelling of the eyelids, the appearance of visible small vessels in the eye, and abundant tearing with pus admixture. In some cases, inflammation of the eye mucosa is accompanied by such characteristic symptoms for many infectious diseases as sore throat, an increase in the cervical lymph nodes, an increase in temperature. With conjunctivitis, the child becomes less mobile, he reluctantly enters the daylight, which causes pain to his eyes.
The cause of the disease in a child can be an allergic reaction. In this case, specific treatment is usually not required. In order for his unpleasant symptoms to pass, it is enough to eliminate the allergen. Allergies can be caused by: dust, flower pollen, plants, pet hair, some drugs, chemicals included in laundry detergent, dishwashing detergents, etc. In that case, if it is not possible to establish the type of allergen itself, the child should be taken to a specialist. To alleviate the condition, he may be prescribed antihistamines.
The first symptoms of conjunctivitis in young children may be somewhat different. This, as a rule, mucous discharge from the eyes, sticking of the eyelids, especially after sleep. It should be remembered that newborns have no tears due to incomplete development of the lacrimal glands, therefore the appearance of tears in this case can also be a manifestation of conjunctivitis. A small child who cannot speak yet expresses his feelings with the help of sign language. So, suspect the presence of the disease can be due to the fact that the child has become particularly capricious, often pulls the handle to the head, rubs his eyes. In addition, the inflamed eye is very easy to notice even to a non-professional in the field of pediatrics, since its appearance is significantly different from the look of a healthy eye. Initially, inflammation is localized most often in one eye, and in the absence of treatment, the second organ of vision is involved in this process.
The most dangerous, but fortunately not common form of children conjunctivitis is gonoblnenya or gonococcal conjunctivitis. The main reason for this is that the mother has such a disease as gonorrhea during pregnancy. Passing through the birth canal of the mother at the time of birth, the child becomes infected with gonococcus. The first manifestations of conjunctivitis can be observed on his third day after birth. A distinctive feature of this type of disease is that it affects both eyes at once, is accompanied by the separation of a large amount of pus and leads to the gradual destruction of all structures of the organs of vision.
In modern maternity hospitals and hospital wards for newborns, all necessary measures are taken to prevent gonococcal conjunctivitis - washing the eyes of newborns with a special solution, examining women during pregnancy for the presence of sexually transmitted infections. Thanks to this, cases of gonobladeni are noted quite rarely. In underdeveloped countries, this disease is a frequent and major cause of vision loss among newborns.
Diagnosis of conjunctivitis in children
The appearance of the first signs of conjunctivitis in children involves an appeal to a specialist, primarily a pediatrician. Diagnosis of the disease is based on a medical examination of the patient's organs of vision. To determine the cause of the inflammatory process, laboratory examination of mucus discharged from the eye is carried out. Only after establishing the cause of the development of the disease, the doctor prescribes any drugs.
How to treat conjunctivitis in children
Treatment of conjunctivitis in children is carried out with the use of various drops and ointments intended for instillation or laying them directly in the area of inflammation, that is, in the affected eye.
In the event that the cause of the inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye is a viral infection, that is, sore throat , flu, ARVI, the child is prescribed local preparations based on a special protein - interferon. It should be remembered that viral conjunctivitis is quickly transmitted, so a sick child should be restricted from communicating with other children, in no case should he be sent to kindergarten or school. Bacterial conjunctivitis involves treatment with agents that contain antibiotic components that affect the synthesis of bacteria proteins that are necessary for their vital activity. In most cases, eye drops or tetracycline-based ointment are prescribed.
How to treat conjunctivitis in children before referring to a specialist?
If you suspect inflammation of the mucous eyes of the child should be as soon as possible show a specialist. However, in some cases, it is not immediately possible to do this. For example, late in the evening or at night. To alleviate the condition of the child, wash his eyes with a weak solution of furatsilina or a warm extract of chamomile. At the same time, it is necessary to make sure that the baby has heat and other symptoms of an infectious disease. Independently select eye drops in this case is not recommended. An incorrectly prescribed drug will not have the proper therapeutic effect, and may also aggravate the position of the patient. At the same time, properly chosen treatment of conjunctivitis in children takes no more than two weeks of time and ensures the complete elimination of the infection that caused it.