Molluscum contagiosum in children
- What is molluscum contagiosum and how does it look?
- Stages of development of molluscum contagiosum
- Pathogen of molluscum contagiosum
- Ways of infection with molluscum contagiosum
- Diagnosis of molluscum contagiosum
- Approaches to the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children
- How is molluscum contagiosum treated?
- Alternative ways to combat molluscum contagiosum: traditional medicine
- Assistance to parents in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children
- Prevention of molluscum contagiosum in children
The overwhelming number of patients suffering from molluscum contagiosum are children under 5 years of age and slightly older. It's all about the imperfection of the immune system of babies, preschool children and younger schoolchildren. For this age group in general, the body's response to attacks of stimuli, bacteria and viruses in the form of skin reactions is not uncommon. However, although much rarer, the molluscum contagiosum also occurs in adults.
What is molluscum contagiosum and how does it look?
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral disease of the skin. It manifests itself by a single symptom - the emergence of peculiar pryshchikov (mollusks) on the skin of the child (very rarely the rashes dot the mucous membranes). These nodules have a round, swollen shape and a solid or pink color. There is also a reticular form of molluscum contagiosum, in which plaques have a thin stem, but it is infrequent.
A characteristic feature of the molluscum contagiosum is the presence of depressions in the center of the nodules that are particularly well marked on the largest of them.
The size of mollusks depends on many factors - the duration of the disease, the general health of the patient, the strength of his immune system. On average, the diameter of each mollusc is 1-2 mm, with time the nodules increase and can reach 7 mm. If there are serious problems with immunity, the formation of the so-called giant molluscum is not ruled out. This is also the case if the treatment of molluscum contagiosum is not given enough attention - small pimples merge and large neoplasms appear.
The manifestation of symptoms begins with the dotting of the skin with pinpoint eruptions. Only after a while they turn into nodules. The fact is that the very body of the mollusc is under the skin. A significant manifestation of the disease patient and others are treated through a thin upper layer of the skin.
As for the localization of rashes, the nodules most often appear on the face, neck, arms. Even later, they can spread throughout the body, but almost never the rash does not affect the feet and palms.
Contagious mollusk except rashes does not show itself anything. Children do not experience fever, lethargy, drowsiness, deterioration of well-being, loss of appetite and other symptoms. In very rare cases, the ailment is accompanied by low-intensity itching in the area of rashes. In this case, there is a risk of secondary infection through wounding and scratching.
Stages of development of molluscum contagiosum
The molluscum contagiosum can proceed in several forms, depending on the stage of its development:
- Typical development - at this stage, the main signs of the disease become noticeable. Rashes are not many, their groups are located near each other.
- Generalized development - the number of nodules increases, now their conglomerates can be located on different parts of the body, even at a distance far from each other.
- Complicated development is noted infrequently, usually in people with serious "malfunctions" in the immune system, the cause of complication is the attachment of a secondary infection. The condition is accompanied by inflammation of skin areas, redness of the skin around the nodules, the appearance of suppuration.
Pathogen of molluscum contagiosum
The causative agent of the molluscum contagiosum is the DNA-containing virus, which belongs to the group of smallpox viruses. It is characteristic that it can be transmitted only from person to person - animals with molluscum contagiosum never suffer. There are four varieties of the virus: MCV-1, MCV-2, MCV-3, MCV-4. And the first two types in children are infrequent.
Ways of infection with molluscum contagiosum
Most often, children become infected with this ailment from each other by contact-household means: when playing with peers, in kindergarten and primary school (in the permanent collectives there are whole epidemics), in swimming pools and open reservoirs and even when using common objects (towel, toys, clothes, etc.). Possible transmission of the virus and airborne droplets.
The main danger lies in the fact that the molluscum contagiosum is characterized by a long incubation period - it can last up to six months. All this time the virus does not manifest itself in any way, therefore neither the young patient himself nor his parents know about the disease.
Significantly increase the risk of contamination with molluscum contagiosum such unfavorable factors as:
- decreased immunity;
- bad ecology;
- stress and overwork, etc.
Diagnosis of molluscum contagiosum
At the first suspicions of molluscum contagiosum in children, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist. The fact is that similar symptoms can hide a much more dangerous skin disease. On the other hand, the visible manifestations of molluscum contagiosum are often mistaken for parents' warts or smallpox symptoms. In any case, you need a specialist consultation.
The dermatologist is most often able to determine the disease during the examination according to the appearance of the rashes and the places of their localization. There is also a simple test, according to the results of which it is possible to diagnose molluscum contagiosum with 100% probability. It is enough to apply pressure to one of the pimples from the side - if at the same time a whitish mass of cereal consistency is released from its center, then it is not necessary to doubt: it is a matter of the molluscum contagiosum.
In very rare cases, to clarify the diagnosis, analysis of the contents of the neoplasms is required. If more mollusks are found in this mass than the number of epidermal cells, suspicions and guesses about the presence of molluscum contagiosum are confirmed.
Approaches to the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children
Attitude to the molluscum contagiosum is ambiguous. For example, Western doctors agree that this disease in children does not need treatment at all. It is enough to wait, let the body overcome the disease, and the rash itself will disappear in a few months. It is only necessary to give increased attention to personal hygiene during this period.
In Russian medicine, traditionally, molluscum contagiosum in children is a disease requiring appropriate treatment. Otherwise, the rash can spread throughout the body and begin to merge with the formation of giant mollusks.
How is molluscum contagiosum treated?
In modern medicine, there are several options for getting rid of a contagious mollusk:
- mechanical removal;
- antiviral and immune therapy;
- treatment with antibiotics.
Mechanical removal of nodules in children can be performed only under sterile conditions by a doctor. The procedure is carried out with tweezers or a special spoon Volkmann. The mollusc is removed, the contents are scraped, after which the wound is treated with an iodine solution. Such treatment is quite unpleasant and even painful for a small patient. Therefore, anesthesia is often used, especially in the case of a large area of rashes.
In many clinics, the nodules are frozen with liquid nitrogen. After such treatment, the wounds are treated as well. Soon, in their place appear crusts, which can itch. But you can not scratch and rip them off in any case. The fact is that under these crusts are inclusions containing mollusc. When combing, the virus can easily spread through the body and provoke the appearance of new foci of the disease. Therefore, doctors often prescribe special ointments and gels that help prevent re-infection.
In modern hospitals, it is possible to remove molluscum contagiosum by a laser. This rather quick and painless method is characterized by a number of advantages:
- exclude the possibility of damage to nearby tissues;
- absence of risk of appearance of suppuration after the procedure;
- the absence of the possibility of infection - the procedure is carried out under sterile conditions;
- absence of bleeding;
- absence of negative impact on the child's organism;
- the minimal possibility of reappearance of molluscum contagiosum after the procedure.
With the aid of a special device, the thinnest layer of the affected skin (the depth of action of the laser does not exceed 5 mm) heats up to a high temperature, as a result of which the virus dies, and the cells that he has hit are evaporated.
With regard to immune and antiviral therapy, this method of treating molluscum contagiosum in children has a very desirable positive side effect - a general strengthening of the immunity of a small patient. To this end, doctors prescribe special antiviral ointments and immunomodulators.
Antibiotics are used to treat molluscum contagiosa quite rarely - only in especially severe cases, accompanied by redness and inflammation of the skin, severe itching and a huge amount of rashes.
It is important to add that even after removal of all nodules and pimples, the molluscum contagiosum can continue its development in the child's body, and in this case new foci of rashes will soon appear on his body. Therefore, even after a complete cure, it is important to carefully examine the children and periodically show them for preventive purposes to the doctor.
Alternative ways to combat molluscum contagiosum: traditional medicine
It should immediately be said that the use of any of the traditional medicine for the treatment of molluscum contagiosum is recommended to discuss with a doctor. In some cases, these recipes, which have come down to us since ancient times, really help to get rid of the disease. And for someone, treatment with folk remedies is ineffective - everything is individual here.
The following are the simplest and most effective recipes and recommendations:
- Treatment of nodules with fresh juice flowering celandine - as a rule, with this rash disappear within a week.
- Treat the rashes with the juice of garlic (the lobule needs to be cut along, and lightly pressing on it until the juice appears, rub the affected skin) - as a result of the growths quickly darken and fall off.
- Treatment three times a day of affected areas with alcohol tincture of eucalyptus or calendula (without even needing to squeeze out the contents of nodules).
- Treatment of rashes with juice from fresh cherry leaves (the product should be stored in the refrigerator in a tightly corked bottle or jar).
Assistance to parents in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children
Effective treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children is unthinkable without the help of parents. During the treatment period, it is necessary to pay close attention to the personal hygiene of the baby. In particular, his father and mother will need the following:
- private change of clothes and bedding of the patient;
- washing all things of a small patient at high temperatures;
- obligatory ironing of clothes and bedding of the child;
- disinfection of toys and household items of a sick child;
- obligatory informing the teacher's educator or teacher - this will provide an opportunity to prevent an epidemic in the children's team in time.
Prevention of molluscum contagiosum in children
First and foremost, parents should instill in children basic rules of personal hygiene - to teach their children to wash their hands in time, change clothes, etc. It is important to tell the child how dangerous it is to use other people's things - combs, toothbrushes, towels, slippers, washcloths. This in the future will save him not only from molluscum contagiosum, but also from a number of serious diseases.
Another important preventive measure is the strengthening of children's immunity, which includes:
- high-grade food;
- walks in the open air;
- compliance with sleep and rest;
- sufficient physical activity, exercise.
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