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How to choose a compression garment for varicose veins


Compression under varicose veins Compression underwear is one of the most effective ways to prevent the appearance of varicose veins and to suspend its development. It can not eliminate the underlying causes of the disease, but it is fully capable of coping with its manifestations, reducing the patient’s quality of life. Today, compression knitwear is an essential complement to the treatment of varicose veins, which increases its effectiveness by several times. Underwear has a lot of advantages, so that it is becoming increasingly popular among patients with a diagnosis of varicose veins.

Compression underwear: why?

The essence of the action of compression underwear is that it creates the necessary pressure on the corresponding parts of the leg. This contributes to the proper distribution of the load, as a result, the blood flow to the heart is normalized. From the veins in the lower part of the leg, more effort is required to push the blood upward - it is this area that accounts for the maximum pressure exerted by the compression laundry. And, for example, only about 40% of pressure is laid on the thigh by linen, since the load on these veins is already minimal.

Special underwear in the literal sense of the word pushes the blood, squeezing the veins, preventing it from stagnating in the vessels. As a result, when wearing such stockings (golf or tights), the unpleasant and painful manifestations of varicose veins are significantly reduced: the legs are not so tired and do not swell, they do not feel itching or burning.

Compression knitwear should be used for the following reasons:

  • these hosiery contribute to the normalization of blood flow by redistributing blood from altered veins to healthy ones;
  • this laundry activates blood circulation and, thereby, improves the nutrition of tissues;
  • if the laundry size is chosen correctly, then it is an effective prevention of thrombosis;
  • underwear looks quite aesthetically pleasing, it can be worn anywhere, to work, to walk, to the gym;
  • Compression knitwear is one of the most simple, convenient and safe means in the fight against varicose veins, which has practically no contraindications.


Contraindications to wearing compression underwear is very small, but they still exist. These include the following states:

  • endoarteritis, atherosclerosis, orthoarteritis and some other chronic diseases characterized by a decrease in the lumen of the arteries and a significant decrease in blood pressure;
  • diabetes;
  • eczema, allergic rashes, open wounds, inflammation of the skin of the feet;
  • septic phlebitis, severe cardiopulmonary insufficiency;
  • skin sensitivity.

The use of compression underwear: is it not dangerous?

There is an opinion that wearing compression underwear can turn into such a serious problem as degradation of the muscle layer of the venous walls. And then, after discontinuing the use of medical knitwear, the walls of the veins simply cannot withstand the pressure, which will only lead to the progression of varicose veins. Refuting these fears, phlebologists put forward the following facts:

  • the patient does not wear varicose knitwear day and night;
  • the flow of blood in vessels susceptible to artificially created pressure does not stop, but only decreases;
  • usually atrophy of the muscle layer occurs due to genetic predisposition and the presence of inflammatory processes, and the wearing of compression underwear, on the contrary, prevents this.

What is compression knit made of?

Compression knitwear is made from cotton and nylon fibers, lycra and microfiber. Such underwear has no seams, allows air and gives a pleasant sensation when in contact with the skin. It is hypoallergenic and outwardly looks just like ordinary tights or stockings. Healing properties of knitwear due to its processing of the latest computer technology. The effectiveness of compression underwear, subject to the rules of care and storage, lasts about six months. Then a replacement is required.

Types of compression knitwear

Compression underwear can be therapeutic and prophylactic. There is also the so-called hospital underwear, which is operated exclusively in stationary conditions. As the name implies, it is advisable to use medical knitwear if the disease has already manifested itself to any degree. But for prophylactic purposes, underwear for compression is recommended to be worn by people from the risk group: pregnant women, genetically predisposed to the occurrence of varicose veins, obese people, representatives of “standing” and “sedentary” occupations.

As for the types of compression underwear, today there are enough of them on the pharmaceutical market, for every taste and for any needs:

  • tights - one of the most popular among women type of linen, tight-fitting legs and not slipping during operation;
  • stockings;
  • socks are available for men;
  • Elastic bandage is not a very convenient option for compression, which, however, due to its affordable price does not lose its relevance, despite the huge choice of much more efficient and aesthetically-looking medical knitwear.

As a rule, products for women (tights and stockings) are decorated with patterns. But men's underwear is most often produced transparent, so that it was as inconspicuous as possible on the legs.

Classification of therapeutic compression underwear

If preventive knitwear can be bought at most pharmacies at any given time, then a medical prescription is required to purchase a treatment. It is recommended to shop only in specialized pharmacies and stores. The intensity of the pressure created by the compression knitwear is divided into the following classes:

  • Class 1 - characterized by compression below 23 mm. Hg Art. and are recommended for use by patients when the first signs of varicose veins develop: blue-red spider veins on the skin, dilated veins close to the skin surface, a feeling of extreme fatigue and heaviness in the legs.
  • Class 2 - creates pressure not higher than 33 mm. Hg Art. and is indicated for the treatment of varicose veins of moderate severity, as well as thrombophlebitis.
  • Class 3 - rendered compression does not exceed 45 mm. Hg Art., such underwear is used in the treatment of severe enough venous insufficiency, accompanied by trophic pathologies.
  • Class 4 - compression is about 50 mm. Hg Art. and above, such knitwear is suitable for the treatment of severe pathologies of the lymph flow and removal of the edema caused by these disorders.

Only a qualified phlebologist can make recommendations on the choice of a particular compression underwear class, based on the situation of a particular patient. He will also talk about the mode of wearing medical knitwear, as well as explain the basic rules of its storage and care.

How to choose a compression garment?

It is obvious that, first of all, it is necessary to consult with your doctor about the class of medical knitwear shown for use. Then it is necessary to determine its appearance - tights, stockings, stockings, tights. Here everything is already determined by individual preferences. Finally, it is important to choose the right size - otherwise, the effect of wearing a special knitwear will be minimal (or it will not exist at all).

Now for the prices. Basically, the price spread, noticeable to the naked eye in the pharmaceutical market, is explained by the abundance of various manufacturers on it. Promoted brand or more modest supplier? In any case, only products with the most precisely compressed compression can get to the pharmacy counters. But the products may differ, so it is the design and duration of socks.

To protect yourself from the acquisition of a fake, you must make purchases in proven pharmacies and reputable stores-dealers. Everyone knows that European quality standards are very high. This also applies to compression underwear. If the package is marked “ral-gz-387”, then you can be sure that you have a first-rate product, because its manufacturer had to go through certification in Switzerland or Germany.

Dress medical jersey

Dressing therapeutic knitwear is not as easy as it may seem. It is especially difficult to cope with high-class linen - 3 and 4. The fact is that such stockings and pantyhose cannot be worn in the same way as ordinary products - assembled into an "accordion" and pulled up. The procedure may cause particular difficulties in a person with a large belly.

So, the process of dressing itself is as follows:

  • the top of tights or stockings is going to "accordion";
  • palms are inserted into the product, it is carefully pulled on the foot;
  • gradually straightening the product, it must be pulled on the shin;
  • if it is about pantyhose, then they are stretched on the hips in the prone position (at the same time, when approaching the waist, you need to raise the pelvis).

When putting on medical knitwear, certain conditions must be met:

  • it is best to wear compression underwear in the morning, when the legs are not yet tired and not swollen;
  • toenails should be cut short and carefully processed;
  • the presence of corns and roughness on the skin of the feet is undesirable - all this can easily damage delicate tissue.

Since the dressing of compression underwear is not an easy task, special devices were created to make the process easier for patients to make their lives easier. To cope with knitwear 3-4 classes without them is almost impossible.

Some tips on wearing socks

At night, compression underwear is better to remove, so that the legs can relax and "breathe" a little. However, if a person accidentally fell asleep in pantyhose or golf, it will not bring him any harm.

Wearing compression underwear should not end in the summer. High temperatures provoke the development of varicose veins, so in the heat of the changed veins especially need support. You can change the class of linen to a “lighter” - prefer products of class 1 or prophylactic stockings.

It happens that the "varicose" vein turns out to be higher than the gum of the product, which raises a logical question: is there any point in using expensive clothes in this case? There is a sense, of course, because this vein will certainly have an indirect positive effect due to the normalization of blood flow in the lower vessels. However, it is still worth trying to choose tights or stockings of the correct size.

Medical knitwear care

Compression knitwear - a thing that requires careful treatment. Therefore, those who show his wearing, you need to familiarize yourself with the basic rules of care for such stockings, golf and tights:

  • It is necessary to wash medical knitwear every day, because the smallest mote and dust particles have a detrimental effect on the delicate fibers, they are quite capable of depriving the product of its healing properties;
  • Wash such products can only be manually, at a water temperature of about 40 degrees;
  • in no case can not squeeze or twist the compression garment - it is allowed only a little "get wet" with a towel;
  • to dry the compression garment you need in the straightened form on a horizontal surface, away from batteries and direct sunlight; do not hang them vertically on a regular dryer;
  • ordinary rinses and conditioners can seriously damage the structure of medical knitwear and thus deprive it of its medicinal properties, therefore when washing it is acceptable to use baby soap or special products for delicate fabrics;
  • it is best to have not one compression tights, but a couple - then you do not have to spend every day a lot of time washing and drying delicate products;
  • It is also worth treating the silicone strip on the stockings - it loses its anchoring properties from any contact with water, therefore it is better to clean it with an alcohol wipe, and when washing wash it carefully from wetting.

It is worth noting that if prophylactic underwear can be purchased independently, only a doctor can select a treatment. Self-activity in this matter threatens not only physical inconvenience and waste of money, but also serious health problems. But if you use compression underwear correctly, it will definitely make life easier for the patient and will become an effective addition to the treatment of varicose veins.

| 13 May 2015 | | 1 442 | Surgery
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Blake839: Dude, the reason I like them is because they do not get in my way. Anything baggy just flaps around, & bunches up etc...It's not about constricting the muscles for me. It's about keeping it sleek, & functional. The only "study" I need is the one I do on my own time to find what works, & what doesn't. As a result, I'm not down with trends. When I find what works, I stick with it REGARDLESS of whether it's in or out of fashion...even though you claim it's purely because of media. Wrong.

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