The Inhalation with genyantritis, what medicine can you do inhalation with genyantritis
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Inhalation with genyantritis

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Inhalation with genyantritis The inflammatory process that develops on the mucous membrane of the maxillary (maxillary) sinus in medical terminology is called sinusitis. This is quite an unpleasant disease, accompanied by a severe headache and bursting, pressing pain in the projection of the maxillary sinuses. There are many ways to combat this pathology, but not all of them are equally safe and effective. Inhalations are one of the most effective and officially permitted methods of treatment of sinusitis, but they can be used only with the permission of the attending physician.



What is inhalation, the types of inhalers and the mechanism of their action

In clinical practice, inhalation means a physiotherapy procedure that involves the airway with air particles and medicines dispersed therein.

When carrying out inhalation therapy of the nasal sinuses, the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tracts is moistened, its blood supply is improved, blood microcirculation is normalized, cell regeneration is increased, the mucus from the nose and nasopharynx is diluted and facilitated.

At present, two main types of inhalers are used, differing in the way they deliver the medicine to the respiratory tract: steam and nebulizers. (devices that convert a liquid drug into an aerosol).

In turn, Nebulizers are divided into compressor, ultrasonic and combined.

The effect of steam inhalations in genyantritis: benefit and harm

Steam inhalation is the simplest kind of inhalation therapy, which involves the use of various household items (basins, kettles, pots, etc.), as well as steam factory inhalers, which have the function of regulating the temperature of therapeutic solutions up to 40-45 ° C.

Under the influence of hot steam, the inflamed mucosa is moistened and warmed. Before proceeding to the procedure, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the nose (inhalation can be done only after 2-2,5 hours after eating). The basis of the drug solution in the treatment of sinusitis can be sage, mother-and-stepmother, chamomile, horseradish, honey, potatoes, eucalyptus or propolis. For inhalation, you can use any convenient dishes, but the greatest effect will have a special steam inhaler, which can be purchased at any pharmacy. The course of treatment is a week, the duration of each procedure is 10-15 minutes.

However, before starting to treat with steam, it is necessary to consult with a specialist. It should be remembered that in case of inadequate procedure, steam inhalations can cause a burn, as they are able to overdry the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract.

With increased body temperature, respiratory failure, heart disease and frequent nasal bleeding, steam inhalations are prohibited. At the same time, the procedure in case of acute inflammatory process accompanied by the expansion of vessels located in the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract and the increase in blood flow can lead to increased nasal congestion and obstruction of nasal breathing. This condition is explained by the fact that under the influence of heat, the blood vessels expand even more, the mucosa becomes more friable and the edema worsens.

Sometimes the effect of warm air, making the inflamed mucous membrane more loose, can cause activation of pathogenic microflora and its penetration into the lower parts of the respiratory tract. That is why people suffering from purulent sinusitis, such procedures are strictly prohibited. Also, steam inhalations are not recommended for patients who are diagnosed with genyantritis of traumatic origin, persons with a predisposition to allergic reactions to natural and medicament agents and patients with advanced stage of inflammation.

Well, and finally, most of the phytoncides contained in medicines are destroyed under the influence of steam, making the procedure not effective enough.

What are nebulizers and their action for sinusitis?

The device for medical use, in which without generation of temperature, generation of therapeutic aerosols with different particle sizes (coarsely dispersed and medium dispersed) is called a nebulizer.

This device is a camera equipped with two outputs. The container is filled with a liquid substance of antimicrobial and vasoconstrictive action, which turns into an aerosol. One of the outputs is attached to the mouthpiece and mask, and the other one is directly to the apparatus, which, after switching on, supplies an aerosol saturated with the drug to the mask.

Initially, nebulizers were used only for the intended purpose: in the treatment of bronchitis and bronchial asthma. However, after it was found that this device does not have serious contraindications, does not promote the spread of infection to other parts of the respiratory tract, and also increases the mucosal edema, official medicine has given permission for its use in the treatment of sinusitis. Due to the special design of the nebulizer, the drug penetrates directly into the nasal passages, and most importantly, this device can be used to treat patients with both good and poor coordination of inspiration.

Advantages of the device for inhalation therapy

  • Uniform spraying and no loss of medicinal product;
  • Delivery of high doses of the drug;
  • Painless and easy penetration into the respiratory tract;
  • In the absence of high temperatures, the preservation of all the useful properties of the drug;
  • Ability to use from an early age;
  • Visual inspection of inhalation.

| March 10, 2015 | | 1 357 | ENT diseases
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