Go Dizziness - causes, treatment. Symptoms: nausea, dizziness, weakness, headache in women
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Dizziness: causes, treatment

Content:

Dizziness is a subjective feeling of disturbing the position of the body in space. In other words, it seems to a person that objects around him rotate around him at different speeds. Such a condition may occur due to obvious physiological reasons or it may be a symptom of disease.



In what cases is vertigo considered normal?

It is quite normal to feel some discomfort after a long ride on a swing or other attractions, during a voyage or watching an overly realistic movie with scenes of flights and falls. Especially often this vertigo occurs in children and may be associated with bouts of nausea and even vomiting.

Dizziness is a common occurrence with starvation of the brain. This condition occurs during strict diets or with a general depletion of the body. Women who, in pursuit of a slender figure, severely restrict their daily diet, often suffer from dizziness associated with weakness, up to cracks. In this case, it is recommended to dissolve the sweet candy in your mouth or drink a weak, weak tea.

Weakness, nausea, and dizziness in women

It is considered normal to feel bouts of dizziness during or immediately before the menstrual cycle. This is due to hormonal fluctuations, as well as a slight anemia, which appears in many women with significant blood loss. With the end of the cycle, the balance of hormones is restored, and the processes of hemoglobin synthesis again begin to predominate over blood loss - the woman's condition improves and dizziness disappears until the next menstruation.

Similarly, vertigo, which occurs during menopause, is also explained. Hormonal imbalances and constant blood pressure spikes provoke severe dizziness, bouts of weakness and heat. It is necessary to consult a gynecologist and an endocrinologist for the selection of hormonal replacement therapy, which will significantly reduce the manifestation of unpleasant symptoms.

Dizziness causes Dizziness while carrying a child is absolutely normal. Moreover, together with the attacks of morning sickness and delayed menstruation, they are considered the most reliable signs of pregnancy. This condition of the future mother usually does not cause anxiety, however, if dizziness occurs too often or precedes loss of consciousness, then it is recommended to immediately contact an obstetrician-gynecologist to prescribe adequate therapy. Treatment in a particular case is complicated by the fact that during pregnancy most drugs are contraindicated. For the prevention of dizziness in pregnant women it is recommended:

  • increase the rest time;
  • reduce the overall burden on the body;
  • not to make sudden movements, including not getting up abruptly from the bed;
  • visit the open air more often, go for walks in parks and squares, located far from busy motorways;
  • if necessary and on the recommendation of a doctor, take ginger tea or other plant-based products.



Causes of dizziness

If vertigo does not appear due to the reasons described above, then perhaps it indicates pathological conditions of varying severity. Diseases that cause dizziness as symptoms or complications include:

  • Otitis of the inner ear. The disease usually develops as a complication of otitis media and is manifested by nausea, dizziness and hearing loss. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor to prevent the development of sepsis or meningitis, since the site of infection is located in close proximity to the brain. Also, slight dizziness may occur due to the formation of a sulfuric plug. It is better to provide its safe removal to the otorhinolaryngologist, as it is likely to push the cork even further along the ear canal due to inept manipulations with a cotton swab.
  • Meniere's syndrome is a specific disease that is manifested by abnormal accumulation of fluid in the inner ear. In addition to the patient’s vertigo, nausea, hearing loss, tinnitus, and even vomiting are troubling.
  • Neuritis of the vestibular nerve. The disease debuts sharply, which manifests itself as dizziness when turning the head or rising abruptly. Usually, an improvement occurs within a few days, however, unpleasant symptoms may manifest themselves for some time, although to a much lesser extent.
  • Acute cerebrovascular accident due to ischemia and stroke is manifested by severe dizziness. A stroke is a life-threatening condition for the patient, therefore, having noticed the first signs of a stroke, his relatives should immediately call an ambulance. Such symptoms include severe dizziness, which does not disappear at rest, double vision, paresthesia of the face, impaired speech and coordination in space.
  • Osteochondrosis, protrusion or hernia, which are localized in the cervical spine. Dizziness occurs with a sharp turn of the head. Other symptoms of the disease are pain in the neck, stiffness of movement, and other sensations associated with pinched nerve and / or impaired blood flow.
  • The growth of a brain tumor, which can manifest itself in completely different states, depending on where the tumor is located.
  • Snail fistula (perilymphatic fistula) is a pathological condition that is characterized by penetration of the perilymph in the middle ear. In this case, the patient may experience discomfort, including vertigo.
  • Brain contusions, head and spinal injuries - all of these acute urgent conditions are also manifested by dizziness.
  • Syndrome of benign positional vertigo.
  • Pathology of the visual apparatus, in which with a rapid change of frames on the screen or images dizziness develops, which does not require special treatment, as it quickly passes with the normalization of visual sensations.
  • Basilar migraine may cause dizziness, which is considered as a precursor of the main attack.

It also needs to be remembered that dizziness is an extremely common side effect in many drugs. Therefore, the first thing that a patient must do at the doctor's office is to list all the medications taken. It may be worth a little to adjust the regimen or even change the medicine to its safer counterpart.

We should also mention age-related vertigo. Often these symptoms occur in older people and are associated with degenerative changes in brain neurons, the vestibular apparatus and in other tissues of the nervous system. Unfortunately, it is still impossible to stop this process, however, it is quite possible for modern medicine to stop attacks and significantly slow down the rate of breakdown of nerve fibers. The sooner the patient turns to the therapist, neurologist or gerontologist, the more success can be achieved.

Symptoms of dizziness

If we discard the patient's subjective sensations, the symptoms of vertigo include:

  • The illusion of rotation or movement of the body in space;
  • Nausea and even vomiting;
  • Loss of orientation in space;
  • Noise or tinnitus, ear laying.

It is necessary to immediately consult a doctor or call an ambulance if a person has the following symptoms:

  • Severe headache associated with weakness in the limbs;
  • Dizziness does not pass a long time. If conventional methods do not allow to get rid of the obsessive state within an hour, then you should immediately consult a doctor.
  • If a patient has diabetes or hypertension, then dizziness may be a precursor to the development of severe emergency conditions - hypertensive crisis or diabetic coma.
  • The man fell unconscious after a dizzy spell and / or suffered a head injury.
  • Dizziness is associated with increased body temperature.
  • The patient has indomitable vomiting (more than 5 episodes per day).

Classification

As is already clear from the listed diseases that may cause dizziness, the latter may be of central genesis or peripheral. Central dizziness is associated directly with injuries or brain tumors, as well as stroke or ischemia of any area. Dizziness of peripheral origin is usually associated with disorders in the inner ear or other diseases of the nervous system located outside the brain.

Also, all cases of vertigo can be divided into dizziness caused by systemic and non-systemic reasons. The first are symptoms associated with pathologies of vision or hearing. Non-systemic vertigo include, for example, motion sickness or toxicosis during pregnancy.

Diagnosis with dizziness

The very fact of dizziness does not need to be diagnosed; it is necessary to find out the cause of its occurrence. Sometimes it is obvious - pregnancy, sea travel, a strict carbohydrate-free diet. The remaining cases require consultation of the therapist, Laura, neuropathologist and other narrow specialists.

First, the physician will recommend to undergo vestibular tests to determine the severity of the disease, as well as posturography.

ENT prescribes diagnostic procedures related to the determination of hearing threshold and functional hearing impairment.

In order to get comprehensive information about the brain, you need to undergo an MRI or ultrasound scan of the respective vessels. Similarly, the diagnosis of the state of various parts of the spinal column.

Vertigo treatment

Treatment of the underlying disease, which causes dizziness, is possible only with a limited range of pathologies. Often, the cause of such a patient’s condition remains unknown. In such cases, doctors prescribe symptomatic treatment aimed at eliminating unpleasant sensations.

In the complex therapy of dizziness, the following drugs are used:

  • Antihistamines, as the link between the development of vertigo and histaminergic system of the body has been proven.
  • Tranquilizers capable of relieving an obsessive anxiety state.
  • Antiemetics, if dizziness is associated with nausea and indomitable vomiting.
  • Betahistine is a structural analogue of histamine, which most effectively fights dizziness. It enhances the release of specific neurotransmitters and improves the blood supply to the inner ear. The drug is not addictive and does not have any dangerous side effects, so it can be used in the framework of long-term therapy.

What to do if dizzy?

If you are worried about rare vertigo that is not associated with serious illnesses, then you need to remember a few simple rules:

  1. In the case of nervous tension associated with a feeling of dizziness, you need to sit down, relax and inhale a liquid with a strong odor. This may be the usual ammonia, which should be in every first aid kit.
  2. If you feel a specific weakness with a sharp rise from the bed or other changes in body position in space, most likely we are talking about orthostatic hypotension. Avoid making fast rushing movements. In the morning when you wake up, sit for a few minutes on the bed before getting up. Do not lean sharply and squat.
  3. If dizziness began after an injury or stroke, you should immediately go to the hospital.
  4. If you feel dizzy and have heart symptoms - pressure has risen, pain in the chest, numbness of the left hand - an urgent consultation with a cardiologist is necessary.
  5. If you are swayed in transport, then you should use special pills for motion sickness or dissolve peppermint candies. Almost every tenth person on the planet feels discomfort while the vehicle is moving, be it a plane, a ship or a car.
  6. Dizziness may develop when the neck is strongly pressed, for example, with a tight collar of a shirt or a tie. This phenomenon is called carotid sinus syndrome. If you know this, then just relax a little bit of the gate and it will all go away.
  7. If you are on a strict diet, it will help a weak weak warm tea or just candy. In the future, review the caloric intake in favor of some increase or add to the menu products with slow carbohydrates in the composition.

In any case, sit in a chair in such a way that there are no sharp corners and other dangerous parts around. Unfasten tight clothes - a belt or shirt. Breathe deeply and slowly. Eyes can not be closed. Gentle massage of little fingers or thumbs helps to regain consciousness.


| 31 May 2015 | | 3 605 | Uncategorized
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  • | Albina | November 12, 2015

    Girls, dizzy. For no reason, I abruptly get up from my chair and “floated” ... What is this all about? Survive or pass? Pregnancy is excluded, but now you will start writing about the test for me)))

  • | Olga | November 12, 2015

    Albina, it also happens. Have you recently become?

  • | Albina | November 12, 2015

    Well, what a month.

  • | Vasilisa the Beautiful | November 12, 2015

    Albina, I will not frighten you, but I still need to go to the doctor. You never know ... Perhaps this is a violation of cerebral circulation, as I had. As the doctor told me, this is becoming increasingly common, and not only in older people.

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