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Worms in children: symptoms and treatment

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Worms are worms from the group of worms, which are parasitic in the human body and cause dysfunction of organs and systems. Most common in children are pinworms and roundworms. There may also be different types of chains that belong to tapeworms. In any case, when the symptoms of helminthiasis appear, you should immediately consult a doctor who will prescribe an effective treatment.

Causes of helminth infection in children

Causes of worms in children There are several sources of helminth infection in the body:

  • Helminthiasis - in this case, the worms enter the human body through the soil and water. It can also occur during contact with animals and during the flies' transfer of eggs to food. Thus, in order for a child to become infected with worms, it is enough for him to eat poorly washed fruits or vegetables, or to drink water from a natural source that has not been boiled.
  • Contact path - worms are transmitted from person to person. Usually pinworms are distributed in a similar way, and the risk of infection is very high, especially in children's groups, for example, in a kindergarten or summer camp.
  • Biohelminthiasis - worms enter the body after eating raw and half-baked meat or fish.
  • Insect bites. Quite often, carriers of worms are mosquitoes.

The main route of infection with worms is fecal-oral. In this case, helminth eggs enter the human body with food or water.

Worms in children: symptoms

Roundworm in children


Signs of infection are directly dependent on the localization of worms in the body. The largest colonies of parasites - ascaris, pinworms, and chains are in the intestine, however, some of the worms are able to move around the body. For example, roundworms can first get into the stomach, and from there with the blood flow into the lungs or liver. There they develop within three weeks, after which they re-enter the intestine or stomach.

Pinworms are often located in the anus, causing severe itching. In girls, they can also localize to the genitals and cause vulvovaginitis. Parasites such as the cat fluke or liver fluke often live in the liver and pancreas. Echinococci are capable of affecting muscles and bones, and chains - even penetrate into the brain. Also, some types of worms can be found in the respiratory organs, causing a persistent cough.

Depending on the localization of parasites in children, the following symptoms of helminthiasis can occur:

Worms in children photo


  1. Constipation . Worms of large sizes can close the intestinal lumen, which provokes a violation of the chair. Constipation may last more than two days.
  2. Diarrhea . Some parasites produce a special substance that stimulates the body to release undigested food debris along with plenty of water.
  3. Flatulence . Some types of worms provoke swelling in the small intestine, resulting in excessive formation of gases. If time does not get rid of worms, flatulence can last up to several months.
  4. Irritable bowel syndrome . Helminths can cause inflammatory processes in the intestine, which leads to disruption of nutrient absorption and an irregular stool.
  5. Pain in the muscles and joints . This happens when the parasites enter the joint or muscle and begin to destroy them.
  6. Allergy . Helminth excretions can cause the body to produce specific cells that are responsible for the development of allergic reactions.
  7. Worms can cause dermatological diseases . As a result, the child has acne, urticaria , acne, papillomas and diathesis. Sometimes infection with worms leads to increased fragility of the nails and hair.
  8. Anemia Some species of worms are able to stick to the intestinal walls, receiving not only nutrients from it, but also blood. As a result, the child develops anemia, which can be diagnosed by clinical blood analysis.
  9. Weight change . Most often, helminth infection leads to a dramatic weight loss. The fact is that parasites absorb a significant amount of nutrients entering the human body with food. In addition, the presence of worm infestation often leads to loss of appetite due to penetrating toxins in the blood. However, in rare cases, a child has an increase in body weight - this process is a protective reaction of the body to the release of worms.
  10. Impaired function of the nervous system . The child becomes moody, tearful and irritable. Schoolchildren and adolescents may develop depression on the background of helminthic invasion.
  11. Sleep disturbance If the child wakes up every night, this may indicate a worm infestation. At night, parasites can leave the body through the anus, this process is accompanied by a feeling of severe itching, which does not allow the baby to sleep. If, after scratching, the child bites his nails or simply pulls his fingers into his mouth, then self-infection occurs again. For this reason, removing the worms in children is much more difficult than in an adult.
  12. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome . This condition is manifested in the form of rapid fatigue, apathy, weakness. The reason for these conditions lies in the lack of nutrients in the body. The child may experience memory loss, emotional stress, and drowsiness.
  13. Immune system abnormalities . Due to the worm infestation, the child is much more likely to have viral diseases. He may experience allergic reactions to familiar foods. Dysbacteriosis or colitis often develops in the intestines, and acne, herpes and diathesis appear on the face.
  14. Inflammatory process in the airways . In this case, the child has a cough and increases body temperature. A rather dangerous complication of helminthiasis is the development of bronchial asthma.

The variety of symptoms caused by worms greatly complicates the diagnosis. Therefore, parents are advised not to neglect routine preventive examinations, which necessarily include tests for pinworms and ascaris.

Methods for the diagnosis of helminthiasis

Diagnosis of worms in children To identify worms in the body of a child, ovoscopy is most often used. This study consists in the analysis of feces on the eggs of worms, which are parasitic in the organs of the digestive system. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to get 100% results, because not all worms systematically lay eggs.

A more accurate result can be achieved with the help of a histological coprogram, which consists in microscopic examination of thin sections of feces. Thanks to this research, it is possible to clearly identify parts of the worms, as well as their eggs. As a result, it is possible not only to diagnose helminthiasis, but also to determine the type of parasites.

If there is a suspicion of localization of helminths in the lungs, radiography is indicated. In addition, sputum examination is performed. To identify parasites in the liver, brain, or kidneys, computed tomography or ultrasound is performed. To diagnose helminths in the blood, a complete blood count is done, which also allows you to determine anemia or inflammatory processes in the body.

Worms in children: treatment

To make therapy as effective as possible, you need to contact a parasitologist and adhere to his recommendations. Self-medication with antiprotozoal drugs is unacceptable, as they are quite toxic. In addition, it should be borne in mind that when invasions of various types of parasites require individual treatment regimens, which are aligned depending on the life cycle of worms. When calculating the dose, the doctor must take into account the child’s age and weight.

When pinworms or ascaris are found, the following drugs are used for treatment:

  • Piperazine (at any age, including up to a year);
  • Mebendazole (from 2 years);
  • Levamisole (from 1 year);
  • Albendazole (from 2 years).

Many drugs are ineffective against worms and eggs of worms. In addition, there is a fairly large threat of repeated self-infection with pinworms in young children. Therefore, after 2-3 weeks, the course of therapy must be repeated.

In parallel with the prescribed etiotropic drugs, the doctor may recommend choleretic agents if there is a suspicion that the parasites inhabit the gallbladder. Laxatives are often appointed for the rapid elimination of parasites and sorbents for the absorption of toxins. Antihistamines can reduce the manifestation of allergies and significantly improve the health of the little patient.

From folk remedies for the fight with worms used pumpkin seeds and grass tansy. It is recommended to clean the seeds to parents independently, so that the child can eat a thin film located between the seed and the peel.

To get rid of worms, 300 g of this product must be crushed, mixed with honey and given to the child 1 tablespoon. It is best to do this in the morning, and then you should not feed the baby for 3-4 hours. The course of treatment can be repeated in 2-3 weeks, depending on the development cycle of the particular parasite.

One of the most popular remedies for worms is tansy. To prepare the broth, 3 tablespoons of herbs should be poured with a glass of boiling water and left for 1 hour, after which it can be drained. The tool must be drunk 3-4 times a day in a tablespoon.

To deal with toxins and destroy worms will help products that have a bitter taste. Wormwood and cloves are recommended for this purpose. In addition, almost all worms do not tolerate an acidic environment. Therefore, you can cope with worms by including sauerkraut, apple cider vinegar, natural juices from sour vegetables and fruits in the diet.

If there is a suspicion of the presence of worms in the child, you must include in the diet a large number of fresh carrots. It is also very useful to drink natural carrot juice and an infusion of birch buds. For its preparation, a teaspoon of raw material must be poured with a glass of water and heated on the steam bath for half an hour. Two hours later, the infusion is ready to eat. It is recommended to take half a glass of the product twice a day. The course of therapy is 1 week.

Prevention of worms in children

In order not to deal with the unpleasant effects of helminth infection, it is recommended to carry out preventive measures. To do this, do not give the child raw water from springs or wells. Before use, this water must be filtered and boiled.

Wash hands well with soap after contact with the ground. No less thoroughly wash the vegetables, herbs, fruits and berries that the child and other family members will eat. It is very important to thoroughly heat-treat meat, fish and poultry. It is not recommended to offer your child dried, salty or raw foods that have not been heat treated.

After swimming in the ponds it is imperative to take a shower. Do not allow pets to lick the hands or face of the baby, because helminth eggs may be present in their language. Wash hands thoroughly after contact with animals. In addition, be sure to perform anti-parasitic cleaning of your pet and the whole family undergo preventive medical examinations.

| 16 August 2015 | | 1 537 | Children's diseases , Parasites and man
  • | Christina | November 9, 2015

    Homeopathy and folk remedies are good, but better when advised and
    recommends the doctor. We have a proven remedy for parasites
    homeopathic collection, combined with diet and control
    doctor - see the result during the week! I remember my grandmother made a decoction
    tansy and forced to eat pumpkin seeds. The composition of tea is composed of herbs:
    immortelle, chamomile, tansy, mint, calendula, buckthorn, cmin, hay,
    half-fell, now lies in the first-aid kit as an ambulance.

Leave your feedback

Xx kiwi_uhh xX: I’m not trying to be rude but they aren’t just itching my bottom they are itching my.....girly bum 😖😰 it is disgusting! I’m so scared of these worms although I know they can’t hurt me I’m still frightened!

PerfectlyNotPerfect 2000: I only searched this because I feel like worms are crawling in me. Maybe because I licked grass or I eat raw noodles or idk!!

Mahi Baloch: My both sons have pinworms at night they can't sleep I give them medication which doc prescribed them but after a month or two month again they get it doctor said give it after three months its one dose medication

I STUBBED MY TOE: I go medication off my doctor it helped for like a few months then they came back to me it's awkward to go back to the doctor and tell him you got them again

The Burrito Girls!: I’m only 11 and I have them, I can see them in my stool whenever I go to the loo. I’m too scared to tell my parents what should I do??