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Herpes on the lips


Herpes on the lips Herpes on the lips, which is popularly called fever, and translated from ancient Greek means “crawling” - this is a very common viral infection. It is characterized by the occurrence of painful rash in the form of small, closely spaced to each other bubbles filled with clear liquid, causing a burning sensation and itching. This state gives a person not only aesthetic discomfort, but also considerable inconvenience when eating.

It should be noted that herpes virus infection is quite a serious pathology, which is considered one of the most pressing problems of modern medicine. This is due to the fact that according to statistics, about 90% of the world's population is infected with the herpes virus. This pathogen can cause a variety of clinical manifestations of the disease, provoke the development of frequent relapses, contribute to the development of signs of the disease in pregnant women, as well as induce pathology of the fetus and newborns. Mortality due to herpes virus infection is in second place after the flu.

The causative agent of herpes on the lips

Science knows 8 types of herpes virus, but the most common is herpes simplex virus type I. It is he who causes the development of oral herpes, that is, colds (fevers) on the lips.

HSV-1 is a neurotrophic and neuroinvasive virus that, after penetration into the human body, can migrate along peripheral nerves to the CNS. It consists of a lipoprotein envelope, double stranded DNA and a capsid. This pathogen for its reproduction uses the metabolic apparatus of the host cell. In its core, the virus replication cycle takes about 24 hours, after which a fully formed new virion leaves the core.

In vitro, the virus is cultivated in cultures of living cells (they become multi-core). It is rapidly inactivated by UV light and disinfectants, and is also sensitive to high temperatures.

Factors provoking the occurrence of herpes on the lips

  1. Decrease in the immune forces of the body.
  2. Overheating or hypothermia.
  3. Colds.
  4. Severe stress or emotional distress.
  5. Various intoxications.
  6. Bad food.
  7. Exhaustion or exhaustion.
  8. Start of menstruation.

However, the herpes simplex virus is very dangerous for HIV-infected and cancer patients, as well as for patients who have undergone organ transplantation. In this state, the human body is extremely weakened, and therefore it is unable to prevent the recurrence of a herpetic infection.

Ways of transmitting herpes

Herpes simplex virus type 1 is extremely contagious, and therefore it is very easily transmitted from person to person when kissing, through dishes and personal hygiene items.

It should be noted that for infection with a virus of this type requires not only direct contact with a sick person or with objects to which he touched, but also the presence of wounds and microcracks on the skin or mucous membrane. However, you should not make hasty conclusions that infection is impossible in the presence of healthy skin. Unfortunately, the concept of “healthy skin and mucous membranes” is quite relative, since each of us may have completely minor injuries that do not cause pain, but at the same time, the protective barrier functions are lost, and the virus easily penetrates into its organism. potential "owner".

It should be emphasized that HSV-1 can not only cause the appearance of herpes on the lips. It can also trigger rashes on other parts of the face. That is why when detecting symptoms characteristic of a herpevirus infection, certain precautions should be observed:

Herpes on the lips is very contagious, and therefore, it is not recommended to touch the affected area with your hands, and after applying the ointment, you must thoroughly wash your hands with soap and treat with an antiseptic.

You need to be very careful when applying makeup, and even better to completely abandon it until the symptoms subside, as the pathogen can get on the mucous membrane of the eyes (patients using contact lenses are strictly prohibited to moisten them with saliva).

In order to avoid contamination of family members or unauthorized people, a person who has herpetic rashes on the lips should be given individual dishes, towels, and other items that can interact with the affected surface.

Experts do not recommend kissing during this period, as well as engaging in oral sex, as the herpes simplex virus is able to infect almost any tissue of the body, including the genitals.

The mechanism of persistence of HSV-1

In the scientific world, two theories of the persistence mechanism of the herpes simplex pathogen are considered:

1. According to the static hypothesis, the virus, penetrating the skin, reaches the most nerve endings. Then, with a current of fluid that feeds the nerves, it penetrates into the cells of the trigeminal ganglion in a free (unproductive) state and is there in a latent form before being reactivated, resulting from a weakened immune system.

2. According to the dynamic hypothesis, the herpes simplex virus, after its penetration into the ganglion cells, along the nerve reaches the skin and constantly provokes the development of individual microfocus infections that inhibit immune mechanisms, preventing the development of relapses or weakening their manifestations. However, when immunity is weakened, the virus that has reached the skin begins to show its aggressive properties.

Note: it is from the trigeminal plexus that the nerve branches that innervate the lips and mucous membrane depart. As it passes through the nerve, the virus provokes the development of inflammation of its tissue, which leads to the development of pain along the nerve fiber.

Symptoms of herpes on the lips

The symptomatology of the disease is often similar to signs of other diseases, and therefore, before embarking on treatment, it is necessary to identify the pathological process. It should be noted that herpes on the lips may be primary or recurrent. However, in clinical practice, asymptomatic viral carriage occurs.

The first signs of primary herpes appear in about 7-10 days (this is the duration of the incubation period). Along with rashes, the patient may experience a deterioration of the general condition, malaise, weakness, fever, headache and muscle pain. After the clear signs of the disease pass, it turns into a recurrent form. It should be noted that the incidence of relapse may be different. It mainly depends on the body’s natural resistance, that is, on immunity.

Stage of the disease

1. The first stage of the disease is accompanied by a slight tingling, itching and burning in the lips, in the corners of the mouth, on the tongue, and sometimes over the entire face. In the place where a rash soon appears, there is pain, and the skin in this area reddens. Experts say that if antiviral treatment is started at the first stage of the disease, then relapse may be avoided.

2. For the stage of inflammation is characterized by the appearance on the lips of a small painful bubble, gradually increasing in size. This is a dense, intense formation, which is filled with a clear liquid (after a while it becomes cloudy).

3. At the ulceration stage, the vesicle bursts and a serous fluid is poured out of it, containing a huge amount of mature virus particles. In place of the bubbles remain painful sores. It is at this stage of the herpevirus infection that the patient is considered the most infectious.

4. Education scab. The ulcers remaining in the place of herpes sores are covered with crusts, which can be easily damaged, causing severe pain and bleeding.

Herpes on the lips and pregnancy

Unfortunately, herpes on the lips of pregnant women occurs quite often. This is explained by the fact that during the period of childbearing in the body of the future mother, a change in the hormonal background is observed, due to which her immunity is reduced. As a result, the previously unimpressive herpes simplex virus becomes aggressive, begins to multiply uncontrollably and provokes the development of inflammation.

Getting into the female body at an early age, HSV-1 becomes its lifelong inhabitant. The human body, in response to the introduction of an infectious agent, produces antibodies (immunoglobulins), which are an important specific factor in immune defense.

At the beginning, during the initial introduction of the infection, the body begins to produce temporary antibodies (class M immunoglobulins). They circulate in the blood of not more than a year. Then, 2-3 weeks after the pathogen penetrates, the body produces another class of antibodies (IgG). It is they who are there throughout his life and it is they who are able to protect the fetus from the negative effects of a herpevirus infection.

Damage to the skin of the lips of the expectant mother, which occurs against the background of reduced immunity, can lead to activation of the herpes simplex virus type 1 in the cells of the nerve ganglia. Despite the fact that this insidious pathogen provokes the development of the inflammatory process, reliably blocked by maternal antibodies of the IgG class, it is not able to have any negative effect on the fetus.

However, it is impossible to completely exclude the possibility of primary infection with a herpevirus infection during pregnancy. However, such cases in clinical practice are quite rare (more often in this situation, genital herpes type 2 provokes the development of the disease).

If an HSV-1 infection still happened, and in the first trimester of pregnancy, experts tend to abort it. If later, dynamic control of the fetus is performed, involving the use of non-invasive methods of prenatal diagnosis.

Care for newborn mothers with signs of herpes virus infection

Women with herpetic rashes on the lips, in order to avoid infection of the newborn, should strictly observe several rules:

  • Before touching the child, hands should be washed very thoroughly.
  • In the presence of vesicles, ulcers and crusts, it is allowed to approach the child only in a cotton-gauze bandage.
  • It is strictly forbidden to kiss a child or to touch his calf with his lips.

Diagnosis of herpes on the lips

In order to confirm the presence in the body of a herpevirus infection, patients are prescribed tests by PCR and ELISA. With the help of the polymerase chain reaction, HSV-1 is detected in the blood and in smears taken from the eruption site. In order to find out whether the disease is primary, or whether it is a relapse, an enzyme immunoassay is performed, which reveals the presence of immunoglobulins of various classes, thereby determining the duration of the disease.

Treatment of herpesvirus infection

Unfortunately, today the panacea for herpes simplex virus has not yet been found. But at the same time, many effective antiviral drugs have been created that are able to fight the pathogen and inhibit its activity. As a local remedy, special ointments with a therapeutic component are prescribed (acyclovir is currently the most effective remedy for herpes, which does not allow the pathogen to multiply). Experts advise using ointments in the very early stages of herpes (if itching, pain and swelling occur). Then you can avoid the occurrence of painful rash.

At the same time, to maintain immunity, it is recommended to take a loading dose of vitamin C for a week, and then for two weeks to maintain the immune system with the help of vitamin-mineral complexes.

At the stage of inflammation and the formation of bubbles, along with the appointment of local antiviral agents, the use of preparations with a drying effect is shown. It is strictly forbidden to open the bubbles formed on the lips, or to remove the already formed crusts, as in this case it is possible to further spread the infection to other parts of the face, including the eyelids and the mucous membrane of the eyes.

In order to reduce swelling and inflammation and relieve pain, it is recommended to apply a warm soda compress (a teaspoon of soda to a glass of water) or herbal extracts (celandine, chamomile, peppermint), and lubricate it with Viton or mint extract on the affected area.

During this period, you should limit the intake of salty, spicy, sour and pickled foods, as well as citrus juices. It should be noted that the herpes simplex virus is destructively affected by the amino acid lysine, which is found in large quantities in milk, kefir, cheese and yogurt.

During the formation of crusts, patients with herpes on the lips are recommended to lubricate the affected area with preparations that soften the skin (fir oil or calendula cream). At the same time, a full sleep, a healthy diet, as well as vitamins and immunostimulating drugs will help to cope with the disease faster.

Prevention of Herpesvirus Infection

To prevent the occurrence of recurrences of herpetic eruptions on the lips, you should constantly strengthen the immune system. To do this, it would be wiser to say goodbye to bad habits, live an active lifestyle, eat a balanced diet, avoid stress and temper the body. In the epidemic of colds, you should try, if possible, to avoid contact with patients. For those who often have herpetic eruptions on their lips, experts advise to constantly carry antiviral ointment with them. By smearing the place where soreness and tingling develops, it is possible to avoid the development of a relapse of the disease. If for any reason the initial stage of the disease was missed, treatment is nevertheless necessary.

Also, people with weakened immunity, who often suffer from herpes, in order to prevent and strengthen the immune forces of the body, experts recommend to undergo a course of intravenous ozone therapy. With its help, the work of many organs is regulated. After the body receives the oxygen dose it needs, it begins to independently combat the infectious agent. Under the influence of ozone, which is a powerful natural antiseptic, the viral envelope is destroyed, leading to the death of the virion. Also, with the help of ozone droppers, the body is cleansed from dead or infected cells, thereby preventing the development of frequent recurrences of the disease.

| August 14, 2014 | | 2 579 | Infectious diseases
Leave your feedback

Ron Erickson: Use Abreva all over the external portions of the nose and under the nose it is more effective than just lips and even when you do not have the sore. I also use Provent skin tag remover in the same way to effectively treat my cold sores. This is an extra powerful measure.

David Ruth: Some years ago I was tested HSV positive and ever since then i have been taking different kinds of medication but yet no improvement until i saw testimonies on the internet of how Dr.Isai has been curing different people from different kinds of diseases, immediately i contacted him. After our discussion he prepared the medicine and send it to me, which i received and took according to his instructions. Now my doctor just confirmed me HSV negative. My heart is so filled with joy, thank you so much Dr.Isai for curing me. If you are reading this and you have HSV or any other disease you can contact him on this Email address: drisaiherbalcenter@gmail.com or WhatsApp him on this number +2349034352176.He is a honest man

Paige 1996: I’m a 23 yo female who is a Virgin by choice and I’ve had them since I was a baby. I used to get them before big tests and now I get them with stress. I currently have my entire top lip covered in them. I’m prescribed an oral antibiotic that gets rid of them since I get them so bad and so often. They’re not only sexual people!!

Brady Magee: Very weird but if someone has had cold sores previously but now they do not have anymore visible sore and you lick their check can you catch them? Someone please reply I’m scared.

RENEE ARMSTRONG: The great news here! It's possible to cure herpes virus forever within 2 months, using natural technique. at *4HerpesCure .Com*