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Erosive gastritis


Erosive gastritis

Erosive gastritis

Erosive gastritis is a fairly common disease of the gastrointestinal tract, which is characterized by spring and autumn season. How to diagnose, cure and prevent recurrence of the disease everyone should know.

Causes of erosive gastritis

Erosive gastritis, also known as bulbit, is an inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract that causes the development of erosions (wounds) on the gastric mucosa. Timely disease is the key to a quick recovery.

The most common causes of erosive gastritis are:

  • Long-term medication (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormonal (corticosteroids), veroshpiron, nitrofuran preparations, ethacrynic acid).
  • Unfavorable working and living conditions.
  • Stress and nervous exhaustion are also common causes of gastritis.
  • Endocrine disease (thyroid disease, diabetes).
  • Severe chronic diseases (renal, heart, liver failure, blood and respiratory diseases).
  • Unbalanced food by convenience foods and junk food.
  • Alcohol intoxication.

Depending on the causes of this disease are:

  • primary erosive gastritis - occurs in young, healthy people, as a result of psychotrauma or unfavorable social living conditions;
  • secondary erosive gastritis - occurs as a result of severe chronic diseases of the body.

Medical scientists do not deny the effect of the following provoking factors:

  • the presence of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori;
  • gastroduodenal reflux (throwing hydrochloric acid and stomach contents);
  • reduction or absence of the properties of the gastric mucous gel;
  • circulatory disorders in the gastric mucosa;
  • violation of the immune and hormonal background in the body.

Classification of erosive gastritis

There are such types of hemorrhagic (erosive) gastritis:

  • acute ulcerative gastritis - develops due to injuries, burns, bleeding and is accompanied by the presence of blood particles in the vomit and feces;
  • chronic erosive gastritis - occurs as a complication of chronic somatic diseases in the body, characterized by a cyclical change of phases of remission and exacerbations;
  • antral ulcerative gastritis is the most common form of the disease, in which the lower third of the stomach (antrum) is significantly damaged;
  • erosive reflux gastritis is a more severe form of gastrointestinal disease, in which large-sized ulcers form on the gastric mucosa.

Symptoms of erosive gastritis

Depending on the causes of the ulcerative lesion of the gastric mucosa, and the form of the disease, the symptoms of ulcerative gastritis may differ. So, in the case of acute erosive gastritis, the first symptoms are acute paroxysmal or constant aching pain, nausea and heartburn that occur after eating, vomiting and diarrhea with blood particles. In the chronic form of bulbit, the symptoms are very often erased and appear only as intermittent nausea, vomiting and discomfort in the epigastric region.

It should also be noted that in most cases at the onset of the disease the patient simply ignores frequent heartburn, nausea, bloating, and these symptoms are the first bells of gastritis.

Diagnosis of erosive gastritis

A carefully collected history and an objective examination of the patient will help to correctly diagnose. Fortunately, today medicine does not stand still and has many diagnostic methods that make it possible to make a diagnosis clearly and correctly. For the diagnosis of gastritis in addition to general blood tests, urine and feces, ultrasound, x-rays, prescribed esophagogastroduodenoscopy (FGDS). This procedure allows you to carefully examine the mucous membranes of the esophagus, stomach, and 12 duodenal ulcer using a thin flexible probe, as well as take the damaged tissue for a biopsy. This diagnostic method allows you to identify any damage to the gastrointestinal mucosa, their size and localization.

Drug treatment of erosive gastritis

When the first symptoms of inflammation of the gastric mucosa appear, you should consult a gastroenterologist to get an adequate and effective treatment. The complex treatment of ulcerative gastritis is prescribed individually and includes not only medication, but also no less effective diet therapy.

Drug treatment bulbit includes several stages:

  • pain relief (no-shpa, analgin, platyfilin, papaverine);
  • antibiotic therapy (amoxicillin, tetracycline, clarithromycin);
  • anti-inflammatory drugs (ranitidine, de-nol, omez);
  • drugs that normalize acidity (enterogel, almagel, phosphalugel, renny, maalox);
  • enzymes (pancreatin, mezim, festal, creon);
  • preparations that help restore damaged tissues (trental, aloe extract, B vitamins, ascorbic acid).

Treatment of gastritis with the help of traditional medicine recipes

Herbal infusions, teas and sea buckthorn oil emulsions have a positive effect on the gastrointestinal mucosa.

Propolis and sea buckthorn oil emulsion

For the preparation of this wonderful means you need 10% propolis tincture and sea buckthorn oil. These ingredients are taken in a ratio of 10: 1 and vigorously stirred. This emulsion must be taken 25 drops, three times a day, one hour before meals.

Honey Olive Medicine

A mixture of olive oil, honey and lemon juice has an enveloping and regenerating effect. To prepare, take 200 g of honey, 500 ml of olive oil, juice of one lemon. All components are mixed, take 1 tablespoon for 40-60 minutes before meals, 3 times a day. This tool is stored in the refrigerator in a tightly closed container.

Egg wrapping

When treating gastritis, it is effective to take on an empty stomach two egg proteins of domestic chickens. This procedure should be done 2 hours before meals, and it is recommended to repeat in the evening. Protein has a positive effect on scarring and enveloping the damaged gastric mucosa.

Plantain tincture

Plantain has long been known for its healing properties. Cooked tincture on the basis of the leaves of plantain will accelerate the process of regeneration of the gastric mucosa. To prepare the tincture you need: 250 grams of fresh plantain leaves, which are washed under running water, crushed and filled with 500 ml of 70% alcohol. All this is infused in a dark and cool place for 7 days, after which 1 teaspoon is taken 3 times a day.

Infusion of mint and centaury

For the preparation of healing infusion, take peppermint leaves and leaves of the centaury in the ratio of 4: 1. From this raw material we prepare an infusion: pour 3 teaspoons of the mixture with 400 ml of hot boiled water. Insist 30 minutes and drink for half an hour and food 200 ml.

Gastritis paste

According to this drug, our grandmothers were treated for gastritis and stomach ulcers. For the preparation of this medicine you will need: 250 g of honey, 25 g of aloe leaves, 100 g of cocoa, 100 g of goose fat, which can be replaced with high-quality butter. All ingredients are mixed and stored in the refrigerator. 1 tablespoon of pasta dissolve in a glass of hot milk and drink at night.

Fortifying herbal teas

Fortifying, tonic and anti-inflammatory effect have herbal teas based on flowers of calendula, chamomile, dogrose, peppermint and fennel fruits.

Methods of traditional medicine, it is advisable to combine with drug treatment after consulting the attending physician. Usually relief comes after 2-3 weeks of regular procedures.

Diet for erosive gastritis

When treating erosive gastritis, diet plays a crucial role. After all, if you take medication and do not follow the principles of diet, then the onset of the effect of treatment is very doubtful.

Principles of diet therapy:

  • nutrition must be balanced;
  • 6-time fractional food intake;
  • all salty, spicy, fatty and fried is excluded;
  • it is strictly forbidden to take alcohol, fresh juices, strong tea and coffee;
  • it is also not recommended to use yeast bakery products;
  • the use of mucous soups and porridges is allowed;
  • meat is best taken in boiled or steam cutlets;
  • all food must undergo heat treatment;
  • food temperature should be slightly warm;
  • pureed and shredded foods are welcome.

The main principle of the diet in the treatment of erosive gastritis is a balanced, fortified and varied diet.

All porridges and soups are prepared on the water, without the use of strong rich broths. In porridge, you can add a little butter. For the preparation of second courses are used low-fat fish, beef, chicken and turkey meat, which is used in boiled form or steamed. Of the best drinks to make fruit compote, jelly or dogrose infusion. All spices and sauces are excluded from the menu at the time of treatment, and best of all for good.

Sample menu for one day in the treatment of Bulbit:

  • Breakfast - mucous oatmeal or buckwheat porridge, you can replace the steam omelette from one chicken egg.
  • The second breakfast - fruit jelly with galetny cookies.
  • Lunch - grated groats soup, steam fishcake, boiled vegetables or salad from them, for dessert, you can take broth hips. Bakery products are allowed crackers from white bread.
  • Tea time - herbal tea with galetny cookies, or casserole of low-fat cottage cheese.
  • Dinner - mashed potatoes with boiled chicken breast.

Such nutrition helps not only to restore the gastric mucosa from erosion, but also normalizes the functions of all organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Particular attention should be paid to the organization of food:

  • you need to eat slowly;
  • each serving of food should be the size of a palm;
  • chew food thoroughly, up to 20-30 chewing movements;
  • need to eat in a specially designated place.

Prevention of erosive gastritis

As one of the main proverbs of doctors says: “The disease is easier to prevent than to cure.” The main principle of prevention of erosive gastritis is the elimination of its causes. Based on this, preventive measures include the following points:

  • proper organization of a balanced diet, containing in the required amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins;
  • clear organization of the daily routine: food, sports, work, rest;
  • complete rejection of bad habits;
  • strictly follow and adhere to sanitary standards of nutrition;
  • exclude fast food products;
  • avoid chemical, mechanical and thermal injury of the gastrointestinal mucosa;
  • thorough chewing of food consumed to enrich it with saliva enzymes;
  • timely treat all foci of chronic inflammation: caries , sinusitis , otitis, cholecystitis ;
  • do not self-medicate while taking medications on the advice of a neighbor;
  • timely eliminate occupational hazards;
  • prevention and treatment of helminthic invasions;
  • timely treatment of all chronic somatic diseases;
  • avoid stress and nervous and physical overwork;
  • provide full sleep and rest for the body;
  • dispensary registration with a gastroenterologist and preventive examinations at least 2 times a year.

Erosive gastritis is a serious disease of the gastrointestinal tract, which can be treated with medication, traditional medicine and diet therapy. A healthy lifestyle is a guarantee of good health and longevity, so you should change your eating habits in order to enjoy and enjoy life for many years.

| 26 December 2014 | | 13 334 | Diseases of the digestive tract