Valerian extract in tablets: instructions for use
- Valerian extract in tablets: instructions for use
- How is it produced?
- Mechanism of action
- When to apply?
- When is it not recommended to take valerian extract?
- Side effects
- How to take and in what doses?
- Symptoms of an overdose of valerian extract and their treatment
- Interaction of Valerian Extract with Other Drugs
- special instructions
- Storage conditions
- Conditions of leave from pharmacies
- Valerian extract price
Farm Group: Sedatives.
The active substance in the preparation is a thick extract of valerian officinalis.
As additional substances in the tablets are: basic magnesium carbonate, potato starch, admiose, gelatin and calcium stearate.
How is it produced?
A thick extract of valerian officinal is available in the form of tablets for internal administration, yellow or brown. Above, the tablet is enclosed in a glazed shell. The tablets are placed in the contour cell box No. 10 or No. 50, and also No. 50 in a glass vial.
Mechanism of action
Valerian extract is a herbal remedy. It is obtained directly from the roots of valerian officinalis. This medicinal raw material is rich in substances of ethereal nature, namely essential oils (due to them valerian has a stable specific flavor). The ester of isovaleric acid and borneol have a sedative effect on the central nervous system, as well as some spasmolytic effect. Thanks to a whole complex of substances, valerian extract provides a slow but steady soothing effect.
The drug is taken orally. After entering the intestine, the components of the tablets are absorbed into the total bloodstream. The maximum concentration of valerian acid in the blood is observed 1-2 hours after taking the tablet. Multiple application does not affect the pharmacokinetic properties of the drug.
When to apply?
Valerian extract in tablets is recommended for use when:
- Increased nervous excitement
- Disturbances in the process of falling asleep and quality of sleep
- Dystonia of vegetative type
- Disorders of the cardiovascular system
- In the complex treatment of spasms of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract
The drug should be taken after consultation with the doctor and on his recommendation.
When is it not recommended to take valerian extract?
Valerian extract in tablets is not recommended for:
- Pregnancy in the first trimester
- under 3 years of age
- deficiency of lactase enzymes, sucrose
- intolerance to fructose
Pregnant women in 2 and 3 trimesters should consult a doctor about the safety and appropriateness of taking valerian extract.
The intake of valerian extract in tablets can cause the following side effects:
- the predominance of inhibition processes
- impaired attention and drowsiness
- decrease in efficiency
- weakness in muscles
- with prolonged use of possible constipation
- allergic reactions with individual sensitivity to the drug
How to take and in what doses?
Valerian extract in tablets is recommended to take 1-2 tablets with a multiplicity of 3 times a day. With the recommendation of a specialist, this dose may be increased. The course of treatment is 0.5-1 month. If necessary, the course can be repeated.
Dysfunction of the liver and kidneys is not the reason for changing the dosage of the drug.
Symptoms of an overdose of valerian extract and their treatment
If the recommended dose is significantly exceeded, the following symptoms occur:
- severe drowsiness
- weakness in muscles
- violation of the heart rhythm (with an increase in the dose of 20 times or more)
- other manifestations of CNS depression
The amount of drug that can cause these or other symptoms of an overdose individually for each person. There is no data on the dose of the drug, which can cause a lethal outcome.
When establishing the fact of an overdose of valerian extract, immediately stop taking the medicine, rinse the stomach, take activated charcoal and magnesium sulfate in order to stop the absorption of the drug into the systemic bloodstream and withdraw it. Specific antidote is not installed.
Interaction of Valerian Extract with Other Drugs
Before you start taking the drug, you need to give your doctor all the information about the medications that the patient takes. The specialist will determine the necessity of their cancellation or the safety of the joint admission.
It is known that valerian extract induces the effects of soothing, hypnotic and antispasmodics.
Since valerian extract is capable of causing inhibition and slowing down of reactions, care should be taken when managing transport and other mechanisms that require increased attention.
Valerian extract in tablets is stored in a cool, dry place at a temperature of 12 to 15 ° C. Apply not more than 5 years from the date of release. Keep away from children.
Conditions of leave from pharmacies
The extract of valerian in tablets belongs to the list of non-prescription drugs.
Valerian extract price
The average cost of Valeriana 20 mg extracts in pharmacies in Moscow is 25-50 rubles.