Valerian extract tablets: instructions for use
- Valerian extract tablets: instructions for use
- How is it produced?
- Mechanism of action
- When to apply?
- When is it not recommended to take valerian extract?
- Side effects
- How to take and in what doses?
- Symptoms of an overdose of valerian extract and their treatment
- The interaction of valerian extract with other drugs
- special instructions
- Storage conditions
- Pharmacy sales terms
- Valerian extract price
Farm Group: Sedatives.
The active ingredient in the drug is a thick extract of valerian drug.
As additional substances in the tablets include: basic magnesium carbonate, potato starch, primeloza, gelatin and calcium stearate.
How is it produced?
Thick extract of valerian drug is available in the form of tablets for internal administration, yellow or brown. On top of the tablet is enclosed in a glazed shell. Tablets are placed in a blister pack number 10 or number 50, as well as number 50 in a glass vial.
Mechanism of action
Valerian extract is a herbal remedy. It is obtained directly from the roots of valerian drug. This medicinal raw material is rich in substances of ethereal nature, namely, essential oils (thanks to them, valerian has a persistent specific aroma). The isovaleric acid ester and borneol have a sedative effect on the central nervous system, as well as some antispasmodic effect. Due to the whole complex of substances, Valerian extract provides a slow but steady sedative effect.
The drug is taken orally. After entering the intestines, the components of the tablets are absorbed into the general circulation. The maximum concentration of valeric acid in the blood is observed 1-2 hours after taking the pill. Repeated use does not affect the pharmacokinetic properties of the drug.
When to apply?
Extract of valerian tablets is recommended to receive when:
- Increased nervous excitement
- Violations of the process of falling asleep and the quality of sleep
- Dystonian vascular type
- Disorders of the cardiovascular system
- In the complex treatment of gastrointestinal spasms
The drug should be taken after consultation with the doctor and on his recommendation.
When is it not recommended to take valerian extract?
Valerian extract tablets do not recommend taking with:
- First Trimester Pregnancy
- under 3 years old
- enzyme deficiency lactase sucrase
- fructose intolerance
Pregnant women in the 2 and 3 trimesters should consult with a doctor about the safety and feasibility of taking valerian extract.
Taking the extract valerian pills can cause the following side effects:
- the prevalence of braking processes
- attention disorder and drowsiness
- decrease in working capacity
- muscle weakness
- prolonged use may cause constipation
- allergic reactions with individual sensitivity to the drug
How to take and in what doses?
Extract of valerian tablets is recommended to take 1-2 tablets with a multiplicity of 3 times a day. With the recommendation of a specialist, this dose may be increased. The course of treatment is 0.5-1 month. If necessary, the course can be repeated.
Impaired functioning of the liver and kidneys is not the cause of changes in the dosage of the drug.
Symptoms of an overdose of valerian extract and their treatment
With a significant excess of the established recommended doses of the drug, the following symptoms occur:
- severe sleepiness
- muscle weakness
- heart rhythm disturbance (with a dose increase of 20 times or more)
- other manifestations of CNS depression
The amount of the drug that can cause these or other symptoms of overdose individually for each person. No data on the dose of the drug that can cause death.
When establishing the fact of an overdose with valerian extract, immediately take the medication, flush the stomach, take activated carbon and magnesium sulfate in order to stop the absorption of the drug into the systemic circulation and withdraw it. Specific antidote is not installed.
The interaction of valerian extract with other drugs
Before you start taking the drug, you must provide your doctor with all the information about the medications that the patient is taking. The specialist will determine the need for their cancellation or the security of the joint reception.
It is known that Valerian extract induces the effects of sedatives, hypnotics and antispasmodics.
Since valerian extract can cause inhibition and slow reaction, caution should be exercised when driving vehicles and other mechanisms that require increased attention.
Extract valerian tablets stored in a cool, dry place at a temperature of 12 to 15 0 C. Do not use more than 5 years from the date of issue. Keep out of the reach of children.
Pharmacy sales terms
Valerian extract tablets belongs to the list of non-prescription drugs.
Valerian extract price
The average cost of Valeriana 20 mg extract tablets in Moscow pharmacies is 25-50 rubles.