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Intestinal dysbiosis in adults: symptoms, treatment


Dysbacteriosis in adults The abundance of advertising that offers to get rid of intestinal dysbiosis with the help of drugs, makes you wonder what dysbacteriosis is , whether it is to be treated and, if so, what measures should be taken.

All of our body, from the skin to the internal organs, is densely populated with bacteria. When the number of their species and the total number of microorganisms is in a state of balance, we do not feel any discomfort and our body functions correctly. But when some bacteria perish en masse, and the population of others, as a result, increases, the pathogenic process begins, which we call dysbacteriosis.

It should be understood that officially there is no such somatic disease, and what we consider to be intestinal dysbiosis is in fact nothing more than a functional disorder. It is usually a sign of another disease of the digestive tract. In addition, experts assure that a significant change in the number of bacteria in the intestine, which cannot be restored on its own, is a rarity, and the rush around this disease was created by marketers for marketing pharmaceutical products.

Causes of dysbiosis

The causes of dysbiosis in adults can be:

  • Taking antibiotics is the most common cause of dysbiosis. The active substances of this group of drugs can destroy pathogenic bacteria, but along with them other microorganisms that peacefully inhabit the intestines of a healthy person also fall under the scope.
  • Irrational food. In the process of digestion, bacteria play an important role. Proper diet provides for certain restrictions on calories and the distribution of the amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. When these norms are systematically violated, the body is difficult to cope with the process of digestion due to fermentation (excess carbohydrates) or decay (excess proteins). As a result, dysbiosis develops. It is important to mention the quality of food consumed. A large number of synthetic additives, dyes, stabilizers and flavors are an unreasonable load on the intestinal tract, as it is not designed to digest such substances. And, finally, the amount of food consumed: the optimal is such a portion of the portion that fits in the palm of a person. You should eat often, every three to four hours, and three hours before bedtime you should eat only light food - kefir or apples (in the absence of bloating). If the patient exceeds these norms, the food does not have time to digest, and dysbacteriosis again occurs due to rotting and fermentation in the intestines.
  • Infection. Intestinal infection causes dysbacteriosis for two reasons: firstly, because of antibiotic therapy, and secondly, because of the work of our own immune system, which, in an effort to destroy the infection, also kills beneficial bacteria.
  • Chronic diseases of the digestive tract. Food enters the intestine in a partially digested form (exposure to saliva in the mouth and gastric juice), favorable for the activity of bacteria. If somatic and functional disorders are present, food entering the intestine is not properly prepared. Constantly accumulating toxins adversely affect the intestinal biocenosis.
  • Severe systemic diseases. HIV infection, oncology, rehabilitation after surgical interventions - with these conditions, any functional disorders of the digestive system, including dysbacteriosis, are possible.

In order for an adult to develop dysbiosis, only one factor is needed, or a combination of several causes. It depends on the specific organism, the presence of chronic diseases, genetic predisposition and age. That is why one person can undergo a long course of antibiotics and not face dysbacteriosis, and another can experience the full range of intestinal discomfort even with a minor violation of the rules of healthy eating.

Separately, it is worth noting that very often the dysbiosis of women leads to women's desire for harmony and beauty. The craze for advertised diets, methods of cleansing, taking laxatives and strange diet pills have a detrimental effect on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and the organism as a whole.

Symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis in adults

  1. Abdominal discomfort is the most frequent and subjective sign of dysbacteriosis. The patient may feel heaviness, rumbling, seething, regardless of the meal. The severity of the symptom can be any, it depends on the patient, his attentiveness to his own body and the level of suspiciousness.
  2. Flatulence. With dysbacteriosis, the stomach often swells up and gases escape. But you should not diagnose dysbacteriosis in yourself if these symptoms are intermittent. Gas formation in the intestines when certain foods are consumed is the norm, and close attention can be paid to this factor only if the symptom causes severe physical discomfort.
  3. Disorders of the chair. Most often a patient with dysbiosis is suffering from diarrhea, however, sometimes the development of constipation is possible. Due to stool disorders, other diseases can develop, such as hemorrhoids and anal fissures, which need immediate treatment.
  4. Weight loss. This happens due to the fact that food is not digested properly, which means that the body receives less nutrients. As a result, body weight may decrease.
  5. General malaise. This factor depends on the general condition: a weakened body can react very violently to an imbalance in the intestine, due to which headaches, asthenia and drowsiness will appear. In addition, impaired digestion hampers the absorption of certain vitamins and trace elements that are vital to man.
  6. Unpleasant taste in the mouth, indicating intoxication of the body or problems with the liver.
  7. Abdominal pain is a very disturbing symptom, suggesting that inflammation and even ulcers develop in the intestine due to a violation of microflora.

Symptoms of dysbiosis in adults may be permanent, and may appear periodically, after eating certain foods: milk, fruit, sugar, and others. In order to suspect dysbacteriosis in oneself, it is necessary that the clinical picture includes several symptoms described above, with a symptom duration of at least one week.

Methods for the diagnosis of dysbiosis

When a patient treats the above complaints, the doctor collects information from the patient's words, performs intestinal palpation, prescribes an analysis of feces. The analysis is a dilution of one gram of feces in a special solution, after which it is sown on a nutrient medium. If the laboratory technician sees a decrease in the number of bifidobacteria, and at the same time an increase in the number of staphylococci or fungi, then there is intestinal dysbiosis.

Among other diagnostic methods can be noted:

  • A blood test - shows the presence of inflammation and possible bleeding in the intestines. In severe dysbiosis, anemia is noted - a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
  • Colonoscopy. Allows you to assess the condition of the segment of the intestine up to one meter. It is the insertion of the probe into the anus, so the procedure is very unpleasant for most patients. In some cases, it can be replaced with rectoromanoscopy.
  • Irrigoscopy. A contrast agent is injected into the intestine, followed by an x-ray examination. The picture shows the state of the colon, changes in its tissues, mucous membranes. This diagnostic method is more accurate in comparison with colonoscopy.
  • Gastroscopy. Required when figuring out the causes of dysbiosis. If, by certain signs, it can be suspected that the imbalance is associated with indigestion in the stomach and duodenum, then gastroscopy will allow to prove or disprove it.

Treatment of intestinal dysbiosis in adults

Treatment consists of several methods, each of which can be applied individually or in combination with others.

  1. Diet. Fat, spicy, sweet foods are excluded from the diet. Preference is given to cereal porridge, light soups. Excludes alcohol, snack products, fast food. Dairy products play an enormous role in the treatment of dysbacteriosis. But buying them, it is better to focus on natural bifido drugs, and not on fashion brands.
  2. Medicines. For the treatment of dysbiosis used three types of drugs:
  • Prebiotics are necessary for preparing the intestines for colonization by beneficial bacteria. The easiest and surest way to prepare is acidification of the medium.
  • Probiotics - contain the most necessary bacteria in the intestine.
  • Synbiotics - is a drug that combines both prebiotics and probiotics.

Thus, the standard treatment is as follows: first, a preparation that acidifies the intestinal medium is selected - for example, Hilak Forte or Lactulose. After taking it, probiotics are drunk with live bacteria that are well absorbed in the medium prepared beforehand. An example of probiotics is Bifiform or Bifidumbacterin. It is important to remember that probiotics must be stored in a cold place so that the bacteria are viable at the time of entry into the intestine.

  1. Normalization of peristalsis. If the patient is dominated by constipation, it means that his peristalsis is reduced, and he needs stimulants of intestinal activity.
  2. Normalization of the stomach. If in the process of diagnosis the doctor determined that the cause of dysbacteriosis is poor performance of the stomach, pancreas, or gallbladder, then enzyme preparations and choleretic drugs are prescribed. You may need to take antispasmodics to relax the ducts.
  3. In the case when stool analysis showed growth of staphylococci, antibiotics are prescribed. After completing the course, you must clean the intestines from dead bacteria. For this purpose, the sorbents are prescribed: activated carbon, Polyphepan or Enterosgel.

In most cases, in case of dysbacteriosis, only prebiotics and probiotics are prescribed: the intestine inhabited by beneficial bacteria can independently work and defeat the pathogenic flora. Other methods of treatment are used if the dysbacteriosis is in a very fluff form or there are concomitant diseases.

Prevention of dysbiosis

Prevention of dysbiosis should be carried out continuously, because in fact it is a healthy lifestyle:

  • Considering that the most common cause of the development of dysbacteriosis is taking antibiotics, it is important not to self-medicate by prescribing medication for yourself. If taking antibiotics is necessary, you need to drink biokefir from the first one for their purpose. It is important to take antibiotics in combination with other drugs, if any, prescribed by the attending physician (antifungal, bifidobacteria, and others).
  • Proper nutrition. Maintaining the balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates and keeping yourself within the required caloric content is the key to the health of the intestinal tract.
  • Timely treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. Proper functioning of all the digestive organs reduces the load on the intestines.
  • Physical exercise. A good blood supply increases peristalsis, and, therefore, allows for timely removal of undigested food from the intestines.

Features of intestinal dysbiosis during pregnancy

The fetus is in very close connection with the mother, and any somatic and functional impairment in the woman’s body is fraught with trouble for the baby. That is why it is important to pay comprehensive attention to your health before pregnancy - to prevent dysbiosis, to undergo all necessary examinations.

Otherwise, a decrease in nutrient supply to the blood during dysbacteriosis can lead to a delay in fetal development.

Diagnosis of dysbiosis in pregnant women is carried out by collecting information from the patient's words and conducting a biochemical analysis of feces. Functional diagnostics of the digestive tract organs during this period (colonoscopy, irrigoscopy) is extremely undesirable.

Therapy includes diet and the appointment of special drugs. It is important not to self-medicate and entrust the case to the general practitioner or obstetrician-gynecologist.

It is worth noting that breastfeeding a child allows him to avoid dysbiosis in infancy and significantly reduce the likelihood of its acquisition in adulthood.

| 26 June 2015 | | 4,789 | Diseases of the digestive tract
Leave your feedback

Straight: Been on a vegan high fiber diet for two years made no difference to several serious health issues I used to believe everything these youtube doctors said (Gregor, McDougall, Klapper, etc) Now im not so sure. Pain is a great truthsayer.

Jay From the Woods: I don't really eat beans, I get most of my fiber from green leafy vegetables and fruit, also from chia and flax seeds en masse. I find a high fat (avocado, homemade cashew milk) plant based diet (I do eat some seafood) has worked best for me overall.

Salmoreja Kumato: I wonder if water kefir is good for the microbiota. There are some related study? Any advice to restore intestinal flora like probiotics or something like that? Thanks

124bel875ive: Carnists get Glyphosphate induced autism from eating toxic corpses. Carnism destroys Frugivores' Symbiotic nematodes' Sulfur channels ; parasitic nematodes increase and excrete formaldehyde. Formaldehyde WREAKS havoc on human brains. THAT FACT is going viral...

Joao Loureiro: great presentation finally a smart and hand on science approach to what really matters thank you for the information, great channel. Sorry for the bad English 2 language

AxCYeR: I ingest lots of fiber on my wfpb diet but still the transit time of all that shit is too long. i usually need to once a day, which is not too bad, but sometimes it skips a day. apparently it's been like that since i was a kid (it's been way worse then though) but i wish i could get rid of the stuff 1-3 times a day. magnesium citrate helps but then the stuff ain't properly solid. any suggestions?