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Frequent urination in women: causes


The frequency of urination is a purely individual thing, which for the most part depends on lifestyle, anatomical structure and the presence of chronic diseases. The frequency and amount of urine can vary not only during life, but even within a few days, and very significantly. This may be due to both the pathological condition and the variant of the physiological norm.
What diseases can be suspected if frequent urination is accompanied by pain and pain? Is it worth sounding the alarm if frequent urination in women without pain? How is the diagnosis? You will find these and other questions below.

Causes of frequent urination in women

Frequent urination in women Frequent urges to the toilet can be the result of three groups of factors:

  • Diseases of the urinary tract or systemic pathology;
  • Natural changes in the hormonal status of women;
  • The body's normal reaction to drinks, food, or physical activity.

Frequent urination due to illness

Most often, the urination regime changes due to diseases of the urinary system, which include urethritis, cystitis , pyelonephritis and urolithiasis (as an option salt diuresis). All these pathologies are interrelated and, in the absence of timely treatment, can cause one another. For example, if urethritis first appeared, and then pyelonephritis, then we are talking about upstream infection. If, on the contrary, the doctors say a downward infection. A characteristic feature of this group of diseases is not only frequent urination, but also painful sensations during the process, the degree of intensity of which depends on the severity of the inflammatory disease.

  1. Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra - the urethra. It may occur as a result of microbial contamination (especially during supercooling), and due to mechanical factors, for example, when wearing uncomfortable and / or synthetic underwear. In fact, urethritis causes more painful urination than frequent, however, the more the patient suffers, the more concentrated the urine and the more pain it will be to urinate. Thus, more frequent visits to the toilet are more likely to be preventive. In addition, in the treatment of urethritis, doctors recommend an abundance of drinking, which also increases the number of urge to urinate.
  2. Cystitis - inflammation of the bladder - the most common cause of frequent urination, which is also accompanied by pain and cutting. Cystitis is common in women due to the fact that they have a short urethra and the infection very quickly gets into the upstream organs. Depending on the severity of the disease, urging to the toilet can occur even with a small fullness of the bladder. Often women complain that they are literally “drop by drop”. This is due to painful irritation of the bladder walls. Over time, chronic cystitis can cause weakness of the muscle walls or their thickening.
  3. Pyelonephritis is a kidney disease of inflammatory nature, one of the symptoms of which is frequent urination, as well as fever, fever and others. Frequent urging to the toilet can be very uncomfortable. In addition, women suffer pain in the lumbar region.
  4. Urolithiasis or salt diuresis - in this case, the urge to go to the toilet becomes more frequent during physical exertion, shaking, on the road. Sometimes stones can block the ureters or the entrance to the urethra, which creates additional discomfort when urinating - it stops, despite the fact that the bladder is not yet emptied.

Since everything is interconnected in the body, urination can also become more frequent under the influence of diseases of other organs and systems, and not just urinary. For example, gynecological problems make women feel the need to go to the toilet regularly.

  1. Uterine fibroids - is a benign tumor in the cavity or walls of the uterus, due to which the latter, increasing in size, puts pressure on the bladder. The resulting feeling of discomfort makes a woman go to the toilet more often, since subjectively, such pressure is perceived as the urge to urinate. A fibroid for a long time may not be accompanied by any symptoms, so it is extremely important to consult a doctor as soon as you notice an increase in the number of trips to the restroom. Perhaps this will allow to diagnose the tumor in the early stages and carry out treatment that will allow to preserve the uterus.
  2. The omission of the uterus - occurs for many reasons, however, it is not always detected in a timely manner. The symptoms accompanying the omission are initially subjective in nature - the sensation of a foreign body in the vagina, discomfort in the pelvis, and so on. Frequent urination allows doctors to focus on the problem and identify it in a timely manner. The omission of the uterus requires surgery only in advanced cases, in the early stages it is solved with the help of special exercises and massage.

Frequent urges "in a small way" can be signs of diabetes.

  1. Diabetes mellitus is a violation of glucose metabolism, which may be due to low insulin levels or a lack of sensitivity of the cells to it. One of the main symptoms of diabetes is a strong thirst and, as a result, frequent urination.
  2. Non-sugar diabetes is a hormonal imbalance that is manifested by the body's inability to retain water.

Frequent urination due to hormonal changes

Sometimes urination becomes more frequent, however, it is considered as the norm. This is due to changes in the hormonal background in women, which occurs during pregnancy and during menopause.

Frequent urging to the toilet is one of the indirect signs of pregnancy. In the early stages, they are not related to physical causes, since the uterus is not yet enlarged. Frequent urination in the first trimester is due to the fact that the uterus and bladder are located side by side and increased blood supply and innervation of one organ is guaranteed to capture another. In the case of the urinary system, this is manifested in an increase in the urge to toilet.

Frequent urination as a variant of the norm

Increased urine formation in most cases is associated with changes in the water regime. The more liquid a woman drinks, the more often she will feel the need to go to the toilet and this is normal. Coffee, compotes and fruit drinks have a significant diuretic effect. Separately, it is worth mentioning alcohol, which contributes to the violation of water exchange. Even small amounts of alcohol can increase urination and provoke swelling.

The variant of the norm is considered only if it is a frequent urination without pain.

Symptoms associated with increased urination in women

In addition to frequent toilet calls, a woman may complain of:

  • Pain and cramps during urination;
  • Fever, chills and symptoms of general malaise and intoxication;
  • Pain in the lumbar region, including unbearable, requiring immediate medical attention;
  • Uterine bleeding, not associated with the menstrual cycle, as well as dysmenorrhea ;
  • Discomfort in the pelvic region, the feeling of a foreign body, etc.

Diagnosis of frequent urination in women

Diagnosing the causes of any complaints begins with the collection of anamnesis and external examination of the patient. So the doctor can identify the swelling to collect information about the patient's lifestyle. Usually this is not enough, and the specialist prescribes the following tests for the woman:

  • A blood test - shows whether a woman’s body has a focus of inflammation. Thanks to a routine blood test, it is possible to reliably determine whether a doctor is dealing with an infection or not.
  • Biochemical analysis of blood - shows the markers of the kidneys - the level of urea, uric acid and creatinine. If these figures are higher than normal, then it is most likely about pyelonephritis or urolithiasis. Biochemical blood test is also diagnostic for diabetes. One of the indicators is the level of glucose in the blood.
  • Clinical analysis of urine - the most important stage of the survey. Based on its results, it is possible to determine the presence of inflammation in the bladder or kidneys. In these cases, leukocytes and even erythrocytes (blood) are detected in the urine. Indicates certain pathologies and protein in the urine, which normally should not be there. Mucus and salt cause the doctor to suggest urolithiasis or its initial stage - salt diuresis. The residue microscopy even allows you to determine the type of salts in order to correct the patient's diet properly.
  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs. It is necessary to check the condition of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, as well as the uterus and ovaries.
  • Gynecological smear - sexually transmitted infections can cause frequent urination, which can even be painful. In addition, there are a number of urogenital infections that cause inflammation of the urinary and reproductive systems.

Frequent urination in women: treatment

If frequent urination is not a variant of the norm and needs correction, treatment is aimed at eliminating the etiological factor - the disease that caused it.

The most commonly prescribed antibiotic treatment is to eliminate a bacterial infection or protozoa invasion. It is recommended to drink antifungals and probiotics with antibiotics. If a woman is prone to allergies, the doctor prescribes antihistamines at the same time as the main course of therapy.

If the problem is associated with salts or stones in the kidneys, then the nephrologist prescribes specific means to change the acidity of urine. Usually such preparations contain either salts, or are based on plant extracts. Depending on the composition of the stones, the pH of the urine shifts so that the stones as quickly as possible dissolve and come out naturally with urine.

If frequent urination is associated with the specifics of the diet or water regime, then there is no need to change something. An exception can only be the abuse of alcoholic beverages, which should be abandoned.

The urge to urinate, arising during menopause, pass on their own with proper hormone therapy.

Regular urination associated with pregnancy, does not need correction.

Frequent urination during pregnancy

Frequent urging to the toilet during pregnancy is the norm, so this condition does not need medical correction. In the first trimester, this is associated with increased blood circulation and innervation in the area of ​​the pelvic organs, as well as with the subjective sensations of the woman.

In the second trimester, the frequency of desires is somewhat reduced, as the body is gradually rebuilt under the new state and adapts.

In the third trimester, the rapid growth of the uterus begins, which physically puts pressure on the bladder. This causes frequent urination, which, however, is not accompanied by painful sensations.

Despite the fact that frequent urging to the toilet during pregnancy is the norm, it is important to follow the rules of hygiene in order not to provoke bladder inflammation or urethritis. It is also necessary to monitor the water regime. If, when a woman is given 2 liters of water, a woman develops edema, then the doctor can limit fluid intake to one and a half or even 1 liter of water per day. In this case, it is worth refusing from salted and smoked products and other dishes that can provoke the deposition of salts in the kidneys, as well as increased thirst.

| 14 March 2015 | | 3,278 | Diseases of the genitourinary system
Leave your feedback

Imogen Selleck: I’m on eleven and I’ve had a UTI more then my 18 year old sister. I just want the pain to stop I’ve done everything I can

Durga Charan Behera: interesting points ,if anyone else trying to find out home remedy treatment for shy bladder try Lomonting Shy Bladder Mentor (just google it ) ? Ive heard some extraordinary things about it and my friend got amazing results with it.

Ahsanat Farzaha: To anyone who's experiencing pain in urine area or UTI. Let me help you out. here's what I do: ( Do it step by step) 1. Drink atleast 2-3glass of cold water. (Drink more if you can) 2. Take a bath. 3. Drink another glasses of water. 4. Now this is VERY effective but I don't know how to say this: Take a bag of ice or any cold thing from the fridge and put it under there. Trust me, even if it sounds weird, by keeping the cold ice bag under there can get rid of your pain instantly right after you follow the upper steps. If you get UTI in the middle of the night, just follow the first steps and then make an ice bag or get a cold thing, lie down on bed, place it under there for 5-10 minutes and boom it's gone. (Ps. If this happens daily and blood comes out, be sure to see a doctor)

Vac Aspen: The first one is sexist nonsense it's how you react with Tyrion how fast it's Prejudice not better short or long at 3:30 actually you can say because his that does make sense withholding rates how about the LBC? Young fat pressing on your butt that's funny and embarrassing.

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