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Frequent urination in men: causes, treatment


Frequent urination is a fairly common symptom in men. Normally, an adult male should be allocated daily about half a liter of water. The number of trips to the toilet varies between 6 and 10, however, this indicator is purely individual and varies widely depending on diet, water regime and the presence of chronic diseases.

Frequent urge to urinate is a subjective feeling, therefore patients do not always promptly consult a doctor with such complaints. It is worth noting that most of the diseases associated with frequent urination, are successfully treated, being detected at an early stage.

Causes of Frequent Urination in Men

Frequent urination in men All the reasons that make men often visit the toilet, can be divided into two categories - physiological and pathological.

Physiological causes include changes in diet and increased fluid intake. The amount of average daily diuresis can increase products such as raw fruits and non-starchy vegetables. Strong diuretic properties have coffee and alcohol. The most obvious culprit in frequent urination is beer, a drink that many men consume a lot and often.

If the increase in diuresis is associated with nutrition, then within a day after the correction of the diet, normal urination is restored in usual volumes. Moreover, errors in nutrition and the facts of individual abuse of alcoholic beverages do not cause any pathological sensations associated with going to the toilet, for example, pain and cramps, unlike some diseases, the main symptom of which is frequent urination.


Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland. It occurs most often due to a bacterial infection and can develop even at a relatively young age. In the absence of timely treatment can turn into a chronic form and torment a man for a long time. Chronization of the process is also facilitated by a course of therapy that is not fully taught. Men often disappear after receiving a prescription list from the doctor and do not come to the control, which may reveal the need to adjust the treatment regimen.

In addition to frequent urination during prostatitis, a man may complain of poor urine flow - that is, the urge will be frequent, but unproductive. It is possible that the patient will experience during the process of cutting or other discomfort.

Prostate adenoma

Adenoma is a benign prostate tumor, which, increasing in size, squeezes the urethra. The man at the same time experiencing frequent urges to the toilet, however, can not completely empty the bladder. Despite the fact that the patient is severely strained, the jet appears sluggish and intermittent. Along with this, such patients may suffer from urinary incontinence, especially at night.

Prostate adenoma is most common already in old age. Young men are almost not familiar with this disease.

Often, frequent urination in men can be attributed to diseases of the urinary system - pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis and urolithiasis. In such cases, the act of urination becomes not only frequent, but can also be very painful.


Pyelonephritis is a kidney disease of inflammatory nature, in which the functions of formation and separation of urine may be disrupted. In the absence of adequate therapy, it can lead to such serious consequences as a violation of the functions of the kidneys - renal failure. With pyelonephritis, a man will experience swelling, as well as painful and frequent urination. The main diagnostic sign in this case will be changes in laboratory parameters of biochemical analysis of blood and general clinical blood and urine tests.


Cystitis - inflammation of the bladder - a phenomenon quite rare in men, however, can also cause frequent urination. It may develop as a result of hypothermia or ingestion of a urogenital infection. In this case, frequent toilet habits can be associated with various kinds of urethral discharge, as well as low temperature, symptoms of general malaise and a rash in the groin area.


Urethritis - most often bothers men. This is due to the considerable length of the urethra - the urinary canal - and the generality of its functions (urination and separation of the ejaculate). This physiological feature increases the risk of urethritis due to urogenital infections in men compared with women.

Urolithiasis disease

Urolithiasis or its easier option - salt diuresis also leads to an increase in the number of visits to the toilet. This is due to the fact that urinary calculi irritate urinary tract, which is manifested in the subjective feeling of urge to urinate. An additional factor is the increase in the amount of fluid taken, which is done to facilitate the discharge of stones.

Apart from the pathologies described above, doctors secrete venereal diseases and urogenital infections, which, when they enter the body, cause urethritis.

Urogenital infections or STDs

Urogenital infections and sexually transmitted diseases include gonorrhea , syphilis , chlamydia and others. Due to the anatomical features of the male body, all these infections can cause inflammation of the urethra, which is accompanied by secretions, frequent urination and cutting.

Symptoms that may accompany frequent urination in men

If physiological factors, such as an increase in fluid intake or a special diet, cause frequent frequent toilet trips, then usually more frequent urination is not accompanied by any more symptoms. If the patient has one of the diseases described above, then it is quite possible that he will complain about:

  • Pain or cramps during urination;
  • Sensation of a discontinuous jet, which resumes after a change in body position or shaking;
  • The so-called false urges, when a man feels the urge to urinate, but can not do this because of obstruction of the duct;
  • Discharge from the urethra, the nature of which depends on the infection that caused them.
  • Fever, chills, fever and symptoms of general malaise;
  • Pain in the lumbar region, which can be very significant in sensations.

If frequent visits to the toilet are accompanied by the conditions described above, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible. If the patient complains of acute pain in the back just above the waist, it is recommended to call an ambulance, since the discharge of the stones is very painful and requires immediate medical attention.

Diagnosis of frequent urination in men

Diagnostic procedures in this case begin only after collecting the history and external examination of the patient. The doctor will certainly ask about lifestyle, diet, water regimen and medications taken. It is likely that the specialist will be interested in some aspects of the intimate life of a man, especially if frequent urination is associated with sharp and strange discharge from the urethra. Most often, the diagnosis is made according to the results of the following studies:

  • A blood test with the definition of a formula - suggests the presence of an inflammatory process in the body, as well as draw conclusions about its nature (whether it is infectious). Often, the data obtained can determine the dehydration or the presence of internal bleeding.
  • Biochemical analysis of blood - the main interest in the increased urination are such markers of the kidney condition as creatinine, urea and uric acid.
  • Clinical analysis of urine is most indicative of diseases of the urinary system. It allows you to determine the presence of salts in the test material, as well as protein, blood and mucus. All these inclusions are pathological and signal that the frequent urination in a man is caused by a particular disease.
  • Ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder - very clearly demonstrates the presence of stones in these organs, as well as the presence of an inflammatory process or other pathological changes. Before conducting an ultrasound, you need to drink at least one liter of clean non-carbonated water for an hour for better visualization.
  • A smear from the urethra, followed by a bakposevom allows you to identify and identify urogenital infections or STDs. Similarly, pathogens from the TORCH group can be identified, which can also provoke frequent urination in some cases.
  • Computed tomography is used in cases where ultrasound does not accurately determine the size and composition of stones. Usually such a procedure is carried out already at the advanced stages of diagnosis, especially if contactless lithotripsy or surgery is planned.

Frequent urination in men: treatment

As already mentioned, therapy is effective only if frequent urination is a symptom of the disease. Otherwise, it is recommended to make changes in the diet, to abandon alcohol or diuretic drugs, if any.

For the treatment of pathologies, a symptom of which is frequent urination, the following groups of drugs are used:

  • Diuretics - most often based on plant materials, which gently increase diuresis, thereby contributing to the discharge of calculus or bacterial toxins.
  • Preparations that change the pH of urine in a certain direction are necessary for the destruction of stones and crystals, so that they can leave the body naturally.
  • Uroantiseptics - drugs that have a bactericidal effect on pathological microorganisms that live in the urinary system.
  • Antibiotics are used to treat urogenital infections and STDs.
  • Antiprotozoal remedies - used to treat certain diseases caused by protozoa, such as chlamydia or ureaplasma.
  • Antiviral drugs are effective if frequent urination is caused by an exacerbation of a viral infection, for example, the human genital herpes virus or human papilloma.
  • Alpha-adrenoreceptor selective blockers - used to treat prostatitis and prostate adenoma. Most often in the complex therapy.

Prevention of frequent urination

Prevention of frequent urination should take place only if it is a symptom of the disease. If this is a normal reaction of the body to the amount of liquid drunk, then this, on the contrary, is a positive aspect, since the body is naturally cleansed.

In order to prevent the development of urological diseases, you must adhere to a few simple rules:

  • Practice protected sex using barrier methods to prevent infection with urogenital infections, as well as STDs.
  • Follow the principles of healthy eating to reduce the likelihood of calculi in the kidneys. Refuse to use alcohol or to be moderate in this matter.
  • Undergo a timely preventive examination in order to be able to detect the disease in the early stages. This is especially important with urolithiasis. Sand or single crystals respond well to therapy and do not require extraction by surgery.

| January 16, 2014 | | 3 564 | Diseases in men
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Spiritdove: i have no problem talking to my doc. I been getting uti about every 3 month.s results look ok. bit high in ascorbic acids so trying azo and squats and im menopausal

Tatiana McGlynn: “Psych... “my GYN @ NYP who did my hysterectomy recommended psych and put me on meds .. 4.5 years later I’m just as bad as I was then. I’m now in atlanta and need to find someone. I’m a nurse and I will never ever recommend psych therapy for a physical condition unless the patient has a psych disorder with hallucinations already. You’re an amazing gift to that practice doc! Keep up the good work!

healthytipsplus: Good information - my younger sister has overactive bladder issues and I am researching information to give her some much needed direction - this is most helpful.

Renuka Madivala: Where is that place.. Pls tell me.. I had suffering mild cystitis in 4 years.... (22)...no treatment can react my body.. Pls help me 😢😢😥😥

Michelle Parvana: Im going for accupuncture right now I have Sjogrens Syndrome with Intercysitital cystitis. The accupuncturist I see doesn't attach electrodes at all. I go to my urologist for postural tibial nerve stim where my dr puts a needle in my ankle with an electrode and thats been helping with the overactive bladder issue but not with the pain. I told my accupunturist about this and she looked at me like I was crazy. I wish there was a provider where I live that does this like you do.

Yon Park: I'm so proud of you, Larissa! You're the total package as a professional and you clearly view your patients as a whole people with minds, not just bodies.

Happybidr: This is just like the PTNS therapy that urologists will have some IC patients undergo. It is a 12 week process where you do it once a week. They insert the small needle just like she did in the video but only just above the bone in one of your feet, then they attach it to a unit that sends the charge into it. They increase it step by step up until 19 steps to see if you feel the charge coming through. If you don’t they move the needle and you start again. Then you sit for half an hour. They want to see if it helps reduce frequency and urgency. If so, they will consider you to insert a TENS unit inside your body that will do it regularly to help reduce these two problems. Urologists will also recommend this treatment for patients with bladder leakage, I think. Because federal health insurance covers alternative medicine and it is offered by Kaiser Permanente, this is an option for those patients.