Hawthorn tincture instruction manual
Hawthorn tincture refers to the pharmacological group of drugs used in cardiology. It also has a sedative (sedative) effect on the central nervous system. It is used for various cardiovascular diseases.
Release form and composition
The drug is an alcohol tincture of hawthorn fruit (fructus Crataegi). Tincture contains fruit and 70% alcohol solution in the ratio of 1:10. This medicinal product does not contain other auxiliary components. Available tincture of hawthorn in a dark glass bottle with a volume of 25 ml. It is a clear yellow or orange liquid. One cardboard pack contains one bottle of tincture and instructions for use of the drug.
The pharmacological effect of the drug provides a number of organic substances that are extracted from hawthorn fruit in an alcohol tincture. The main of these compounds are flavonoids, choline, alkaloids, acetylcholine, tannins, terpenic acids, phytosterols. These substances have on the human body a number of therapeutic effects, which include:
- Increased blood flow in the coronary vessels (arterial vessels of the heart), thereby improving its trophicity (nutrition) and oxygenation (oxygenation).
- Improving blood flow in the arterial vessels of the brain.
- Reducing the excitability of the heart muscle.
- Myocardial sensitivity to cardiac glycosides.
Due to such pharmacological effects, the drug improves the functional activity of the heart. In relation to the central nervous system and the cerebral cortex, it has a slight sedative (sedative) effect.
After ingestion, the components of the drug are absorbed into the blood from the lumen of the stomach and small intestine. Therapeutic dose is reached within 30 minutes after administration. At the same time, the therapeutic effect comes.
Indications for use
The use of hawthorn tincture is indicated for various pathologies of the cardiovascular system, in particular for such diseases:
- Coronary artery disease is insufficient blood supply to the myocardium (heart muscle), often due to atherosclerotic lesions of the coronary vessels (postponing cholesterol in the form of atherosclerotic plaques in the vessel walls).
- In the treatment of hypertension, a prolonged increase in systemic arterial pressure, which leads to spasm of the coronary and arterial vessels of the brain.
- Neurocirculatory (vegetative-vascular) dystonia is a functional disorder of the innervation of the arterial vessels, accompanied by fluctuations in the level of systemic arterial pressure and worsening of blood circulation in the heart and brain.
- In the complex therapy of rhythm disturbances and heart rate (arrhythmia) of mild to moderate severity.
Also, hawthorn tincture can be used as a sedative (sedative) agent for severe stress, anxiety, insomnia.
The use of hawthorn tincture is contraindicated in such physiological and pathological conditions of the body:
- Individual intolerance or hypersensitivity to the components of hawthorn fruit.
- Children age up to 12 years, as a reliable absence of the negative effect of the drug on the children's body is not established.
If necessary, use of the drug for pregnant or lactating women, you should consult a doctor. In the absence of contraindications to make sure before using the drug.
Dosage and administration
Hawthorn tincture is taken orally after a meal. Typically, 20-30 drops of the drug is dissolved in 100 ml of water (1/2 cup), the resulting mixture is drunk. In the complex treatment of cardiovascular diseases, the drug is taken 20-30 drops 2-3 times a day. The duration of the drug is determined by improving the state and reducing the severity of symptoms of the main cardiovascular pathology.
Acceptance of hawthorn tincture in the recommended therapeutic dose can sometimes cause the development of side effects, which include:
- Drowsiness, slowing reactions from the central nervous system.
- Reduced systemic blood pressure (hypotension).
- Allergic skin reactions in the form of rash and itching. In rare cases, it may develop nettle rash (a characteristic rash and swelling of the skin, resembling a nettle burn).
In the case of side effects, the drug should be stopped and seek medical help.
Before you start taking hawthorn tincture, you should carefully read the instructions and pay attention to some special instructions, which include:
- It is not recommended to take the tincture during meals, as it is possible the interaction of the components of the drug with food.
- For pregnant or lactating women, hawthorn tincture can be taken only after consulting a doctor and under medical supervision, provided that the expected benefit to the mother outweighs the potential risk to the fetus.
- The drug enhances the pharmacological effect of cardiac glycosides, so their simultaneous use is not recommended.
- Hawthorn tincture reduces the concentration of attention and the speed of psychomotor reactions. Therefore, during the use of the drug, the activity associated with increased attention and speed of psychomotor reactions is excluded.
In the pharmacy network hawthorn tincture is sold without a prescription. In case of any questions or doubts regarding the use of the drug, you should consult with your doctor.
If the recommended therapeutic dose of hawthorn tincture is exceeded, bradycardia develops (a decrease in the heart rate), drowsiness and a decrease in systemic arterial pressure. In this case, the drug is temporarily stopped. With a slight excess of dosage, special detoxification measures are not carried out. In the event of a significant dose overshoot, gastric and intestinal lavage and symptomatic therapy is performed.
Analogs of hawthorn tincture
According to the active substance an analogue of hawthorn tincture is the drug Karegus.
Terms and conditions of storage
The shelf life of hawthorn tincture since its manufacture is 4 years. Store the drug should be in a dark, out of reach of children at a temperature of air not higher than + 25 ° C.
Tincture hawthorn price
Hawthorn tincture 25ml bottle - 10-20 rubles.