Go Warts: treatment, removal of warts
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Treatment and removal of warts

Content:

Warts are not all. Someone constantly has to deal with them, and someone like that in their entire life will never know what it is. It is much easier to prevent warts than to cure like any other disease. Sometimes, in order to avoid disease, it is enough to follow a few simple rules.



What are warts?

Warts are called infectious benign lesions on the skin, usually having the appearance of a papilla or a small nodule. Warts occur due to the strong growth of the upper layer of the epithelium, as well as the underlying papillary layer of the skin. Warts can have a different size: from millet grain and more. Several warts, fused together, can form a large tumor.

At first, the wart is almost invisible, as it has the same color as the skin. But over time, education begins to stand out, becoming dark or black. Warts change color due to its rough surface, which can accumulate pollution.

Causes of warts

The reasons for the appearance of tumors on the skin can be very much. The most common is the human papilloma group (HPV) virus, which is transmitted through contact with people infected with them or through public goods. The incubation period can last up to several months.

The papilloma virus multiplies intensively on the skin, the upper layers of which at the same time significantly expand. The carrier of the virus can not always be determined, since he himself may not have warts on his body.

Microtraumas of the skin make the skin more vulnerable, and the probability of infection increases many times. The skin on the face of men, for example, can get microcracks during shaving. Neoplasms on the feet often appear after visiting the pool. Warts spread very quickly.

One of the factors contributing to the appearance of warts is the weakening of the immune system. Researchers say that residents of big cities are most susceptible to a decrease in immunity. The reason for this in most cases are constant stress.

Under the guise of warts, other diseases are often hidden, such as epidermal nevus, molluscum contagiosum, or squamous cell carcinoma. The symptoms of these diseases are often similar to the symptoms of warts. However, papilloma can be distinguished by such characteristics as color and shape. To make an accurate diagnosis, you must consult a doctor.

Warts

There are about fifty varieties of benign lesions on the skin. The most common of these are:

  • Senile. Occur in the elderly. They usually arise on the body and neck, less often on the hands and face. Senile warts are the only kind of neoplasm on the body, which is not due to a virus.
  • Genital warts (genital or venereal warts). These are genital warts. As the name suggests, this type of neoplasm occurs on the genitals of men and women. This type includes anogenital warts (occurring near the anus), as well as neoplasms arising in the inguinal folds. Venereal warts can be a sign of violence in children younger than three years old. If the mother is infected, she can infect her baby during childbirth. Infection is obtained in the respiratory tract of the newborn, which leads to the emergence of juvenile recurrent respiratory papilloma. Warts can also be on the oral mucosa, where they appear as small white or pink papules. Genital warts have a “leg”.
  • Flat (otherwise - youthful). These are small nodules on the skin, not differing from it in color or having a yellowish tint. Juvenile warts are almost imperceptible, since only slightly protrude above the skin. Most often they have a smooth and flat surface and a round shape. This type of warts can appear in adolescence. New growths occur on the back of the hand or on the face.
  • Plantar. Can appear only on the feet. With the appearance of this type of neoplasm while walking there are painful sensations. Most often this is due to the fact that the wart grows inside (endophytic growth). The central part of the plantar wart may have a slight impression. Neoplasms on the feet are made up of bundles of filiform papillae, around which there is a roller, resembling a corn.
  • Ordinary (also called vulgar). These are small, round, dense nodules with a rough surface. Such warts usually do not cause pain. New growths of this type usually occur on the scalp, on the hands and fingers. Ordinary warts can appear not only in adults, but also in children.
  • Priogtyevye. Hands are most susceptible to the occurrence of warts, as they come into contact with surrounding objects more than other parts of the body. The hands are most vulnerable because they often receive microtraumas. Nogue warts cause pain due to their constant growth. Often in the affected area gets the nail plate. There are also subungual formations, the main cause of which is the habit of biting nails.

Treatment of warts

Modern medicine offers a variety of methods for the treatment of benign tumors on the skin. Consider the main ones.

Surgical excision

The method is considered obsolete and rarely used. One of its main drawbacks is the suture, leaving behind a noticeable scar. In addition, the method involves the appearance of a significant wound on the skin, which can lead to re-infection.

Radiowave Surgery (or electrocoagulation)

When using this method, the wart is removed by high-frequency current. The main advantage of this method of combating neoplasms is its ability to coagulate the skin around the wart, which completely prevents further movement of the virus. Radio wave surgery disinfects the skin. When using electrocoagulation provides no bleeding. Radio wave surgery is one of the most modern and sophisticated methods of dealing with warts. The use of electrocoagulation leaves almost no marks on the skin.

Laser method

As well as radio wave surgery, it is considered one of the most effective ways of treating warts. The laser procedure takes only a few minutes and is not traumatic. It takes 1-2 minutes to remove a tumor. After exposure to the laser there are no scars or scars. The procedure leaves a small depression on the skin, which will disappear without a trace in two weeks.

The main advantage of the method is that the laser destroys the wart not only on the surface. It penetrates into deeper layers. As a result, deep cleansing of the skin from the papilloma virus occurs. The laser method does not require additional disinfection. The use of the procedure provides a high degree of sterility, since the wart contact with the instrument is completely excluded. After using the laser, healing takes place within a few days. The method does not require any restrictions (in contact with water, in sports, etc.). After removal of the neoplasm, the material can be sent for examination to the histological laboratory.

Cryotherapy (or cryodestruction)

The word "cryo" in Greek means "cold." This procedure is a “freezing” of a wart with liquid nitrogen. Due to the fact that during the procedure, the tumor has no contact with blood, secondary infection is excluded. Just as with the use of radio wave surgery, the skin around the neoplasm coagulates. An obstacle is created for the further spread of the virus.

However, cryotherapy has its own significant drawbacks. When using this method of treatment it is impossible to control the depth of exposure to nitrogen. In this case, the cryodestruction will be inferior to the laser method, in which the penetration depth can be controlled with relative accuracy. If the depth was calculated incorrectly and the virus was not destroyed, it will remain in the patient’s body. The procedure will have to be repeated more than once. If the freezing is too deep, a significant scar or scar will appear on the patient's body. In addition, after the procedure, there is an epidermal bladder and edema, which will disappear only a few days after the use of cryotherapy.

Ozone therapy

Despite the fact that laser therapy is quite effective, papillomavirus often remains in the patient's body. Normal stress can provoke the reappearance of warts. After using laser therapy, the patient is prescribed to undergo ozone therapy, the main purpose of which is to strengthen the immune system.

Ozone therapy refers to prophylactic rather than curative procedures. Prevention helps to “preserve” the papillomavirus. Ozone therapy relieves warts for up to 10 years. Ozone injections not only create a barrier to the further spread of the virus, but also largely relieve stress, which often becomes the cause of the return of the problem.

Antiviral drugs

Unlike ozone therapy, this method is not aimed at "preservation" of the virus, but at its complete destruction. Among the huge number of drugs designed to eliminate the virus, can be noted cidofovir. This drug is considered an analogue of the nucleoside dioxycytidine monophosphate, whose actions are aimed at inhibiting DNA synthesis, thus causing its fragmentation. As a result, a violation of epithelization begins. Tsidofovir is commonly used to treat condyloma in HIV-positive patients. Cases of significant improvement in immunity and the complete disappearance of warts in HIV-infected people.

Immunotherapy

At present, this method is still being developed. The essence of immunotherapy is to mobilize the body's defenses and fight the virus from the inside. Immunity is stimulated with the help of special drugs that are administered orally or by injection.

With the help of immunotherapy they begin to fight warts in cases where methods such as cryotherapy and radio wave surgery have proven to be powerless.

Immunotherapy has a number of contraindications. Usually this method is not used during pregnancy and lactation, with vaginal infections, asthma, allergic reactions, urticaria, fever, flu, taking drugs that suppress the immune system or beta-blockers, as well as after organ transplantation.

Chemotherapy

This method is not used very often. Chemotherapy is based on cauterization of warts with alkali or acid (usually trichloroacetic acid). During this procedure, necrosis of the tissues treated with acid and their subsequent die-off occur.

When using chemodestruktsii salicylic acid is often used. Drugs, which include salicylic acid, have the ability, softening the skin, dissolve the wart. But treatment with such drugs is quite long and can take from several weeks to several months. The method is rather imperfect: it can be used to cure only plantar or common warts. Preparations containing salicylic acid are produced in the form of a patch, which must be applied to the affected papilloma area of ​​the skin.

Widely used in the treatment of warts and formaldehyde, used as a preservative in products such as shampoos and lotions. Formaldehyde destroys the upper layer of epidermal cells, which leads to damage to the virions. For the treatment of warts, the drug is usually available in the form of 0.7% or 3% gels. Before you apply the drug, you must clean the wart from hyperkeratosis. For patients with a tendency to allergies, formaldehyde is not recommended because it can cause dermatitis.

Formic acid is one of the most common means of warts. It is much stronger than salicylic, but it is not as strong as, for example, two-chloroacetic. It received its name because it was discovered in red ants. Later it was found in some other insects. Formic acid can also be found in nettle leaves. The method is more than 90% effective. As well as salicylic, formic acid has a destructive effect on the wart.

Warts prevention

In order to avoid the appearance of warts, it is necessary, first of all, to avoid moisture. It is dampness that is considered the most favorable environment for the spread of tumors. Shoes and clothing should always be dry. If any damage occurs on the body, they must be disinfected immediately. Do not leave the wound open. If the wart has already appeared, you should not try to get rid of it yourself. This can lead to further spread of the virus throughout the body. You should immediately contact a specialist.


| November 24, 2014 | | 2 455 | Uncategorized
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