The heel hurts painfully to attack: the reasons how to treat
The foot plays an important role in the vital activity of the human body. One of its main functions is depreciation. The foot is forced to take on the weight of the body. The heel bone is subjected to the greatest load. Pain in the heel can be a surprise, especially for those who have not had such problems before.
Possible causes of pain in the heel
An unsuccessful turn of the foot, a bruise or a blow can cause pain. Wearing high heels, "studs", also often leads to injury.
Heel spur is often found and represents a built-up calcaneal growth. The cause of the appearance of such a build-up can be a chronic inflammation of the fascia (connective tissue of the sole). The patient experiences constant pain, becoming most intense in the morning. When walking, pain may not be felt.
In bursitis, the tissue passing along the foot, connecting the toes with the calcaneus, becomes inflamed. The patient has an inflammatory process and an increasing pain that is especially acute in the morning. Walking is accompanied by painful sensations. Temporarily calm the pain can be with the help of massage. However, the treatment of bursitis does not help massage.
The fascia of the soles can develop in people wearing uncomfortable shoes. In this disease inflammation of the connective tissue. The fascia of the soles often causes the formation of the calcaneal spur.
With this disease there is inflammation of the joints, which has a chronic character. The patient can experience pain at any time of the day.
The disease is caused by the deposition of salts with malnutrition and various metabolic disorders.
How to treat pain in the heel?
Prevent further development of the existing disease will help timely contact with a doctor and the correct diagnosis.
According to the diagnosis, the treatment can be as follows:
- If the pain was caused by a trauma, the specialist prescribes bed rest for 2-3 weeks. To relieve pain, anti-inflammatory drugs are used: diclofenac, flexen, ibuprofen and others. The patient will need to pick up comfortable shoes. Women will have to give up wearing high heels. In addition, the doctor can prescribe shock-wave therapy, massage and laser therapy. In the presence of acute pain, analgesics can be prescribed.
- The cause of pain sometimes become infectious diseases, including venereal diseases. In this case, the patient may suffer from reactive inflammation of the heels. The patient experiences unpleasant feelings all the time. Pain can worsen at night. In addition to the calcaneus, some joints can be affected. Treatment begins with getting rid of the main infection, which has caused pain in the heel.
- To get rid of gout, it is necessary, as with an infection, to get rid of the disease first. The disease is determined by the high amount of uric acid in the blood.
The reasons for which the heel hurts and it is painful to attack is quite a lot. To reduce the likelihood of discomfort, preventive measures should be taken. Each person, especially prone to fatness, needs to constantly control their weight, since it is the excess weight of the body that causes pain. If flat feet are found, immediately consult a doctor. Flat foot implies no depreciation. The load on the calcaneal bone sharply increases. If a person gets tired quickly when walking, he probably has a flat foot.
Shoes should always be chosen in size. Too tight deforms the foot. However, shoes "to grow" are contraindicated. Wearing high heels, especially "studs", it is necessary to limit. In this case, shoes should not be on a flat sole. If there are indications, it is necessary to use orthopedic insoles. When walking, the load must be distributed evenly over the entire foot.
For prevention, you can use special gymnastics: you need to take an ordinary tennis ball and roll it on the floor with your feet. Exercise will take no more than half an hour. Recommended preventive massage 3-4 times a week.