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Pain in the navel in women, men

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Pain around navel The pain of the navel is a sign of numerous, but quite serious diseases most often of the gastrointestinal tract.

Pain in the navel can occur in both men and women at any age. The sharp, sharp nature of the pain and its increasing intensity are observed with various variants of the so-called "acute abdomen", chronic - with disorders of absorption and digestion in the small and large intestine. Among the most common causes of pain in the umbilical zone emit:

  • helminthiasis and protozoal invasions;
  • salmonella;
  • food toxicoinfections;
  • malabsorption syndrome;
  • hernia of the umbilical ring or white line of the abdomen, including strangulated;
  • diverticulitis;
  • intestinal invagination;
  • thrombosis of mesenteric vessels.

To establish the cause of such pain requires the identification of additional symptoms of the disease and the subsequent consultation of a physician (general practitioner or more often a surgeon).



Helminthiasis and protozoal invasions

To date, the globe has about three hundred parasites that can cause clinical symptoms of the disease in humans. For each region, certain types of worm infestation are characteristic, for example, only in the tropical zone is an extensive group of schistosomiasis recorded. At the same time, there are ubiquitous helminthic invasions: ascariasis, enterobiosis. For countries with a low level of sanitary culture, the presence of polyinvasion is characteristic, that is, one person can be simultaneously infected with several types of helminths.

The clinical picture of each specific helminthiasis has its own distinctive features that are associated with the life cycle of the development of the worm. However, the majority of helminth infections are characterized by two long phases of the clinical course: acute and chronic. Certain patterns of their course make it possible to suspect the presence of helminthiasis and consult a doctor. For the acute phase of helminthiasis is characteristic:

  • low-grade or high fever;
  • pains in the joints and muscles of varying intensity and varying localization;
  • erythematous, papular-macular or pustular skin rashes with a hemorrhagic component in a very severe course; mainly recurrent rash, in combination with itching, but not leaving cicatricial changes;
  • edema syndrome: swelling of the skin and subcutaneous tissue;
  • pulmonary lesion syndrome in the form of a night time dry cough, asthmatic attacks, pneumonia with migratory infiltrative changes;
  • abdominal syndrome: moderately intense abdominal pain in the umbilical region and propensity with loose stools;
  • damage to cardiac tissue: myocardial dystrophy, allergic myocarditis;
  • CNS damage: allergic meningoencephalitis, encephalomyelitis;
  • lymphadenopathy: single or systemic;
  • in the general blood test: leukocytosis; severe eosinophilia (more than 30%).

Symptoms of the acute phase of helminthiasis can last no more than 2-3 months, then spontaneously subside, changes in the general analysis of blood persist longer.

In the acute phase of helminth infections, immunological and allergic changes predominate in the human body in response to ingestion of a worm. In the chronic stage, signs of dystrophy and metabolic disorders dominate. For the chronic phase of most helminth infections typical:

  • reduction of allergic reactions proper;
  • blood eosinophilia does not exceed 10%;
  • traumatic effects and subsequent damage to the intestinal walls, blood vessels and the accession of a secondary infection;
  • mechanical damage to tissues in the area of ​​the worm (inflammation, dysfunction of organs, tissue atrophy);
  • absorption of nutrients by the worm and the increasing violation of metabolic processes in the human body, the development of anemia, cachexia (diphyllobotriosis);
  • violation of neurohumoral regulation by steroid, peptide hormones as a result of prolonged stress.

The duration of parasitism of helminthiasis varies from a few weeks (enterobiasis) to many years (teniasis, tenienarhoz). The diagnosis of the majority of helminth infections is based on the results of ovoscopy (detection of helminth eggs in feces) and enzyme immunoassay (detection of acute phase immunoglobulins).

Salmonella

The term "salmonellosis" unites a large group of diseases with polymorphic clinical manifestations caused by numerous serotypes of bacteria.

The source of infection with salmonellosis is often a sick person or carrier, sometimes sick animals (ducks, chickens, lizards, turtles).

Transmission pathway for salmonellosis is fecal-oral. The most common factors of transmission of this infection are various food variants (salads, eggs, cream, dairy dishes, jelly) contaminated with secretions. The disease can occur in the form of sporadic individual cases, however, it is more often registered in the form of cases of group disease (after visiting catering establishments)

The susceptibility of a person depends on the premorbid state of the macroorganism, and on the number and type (serotype) of Salmonella that have entered the digestive tract.

The incubation period for salmonellosis varies from several days to several hours. The onset of the disease is usually acute, the prodromal period is uncharacteristic or very short. It is characterized by weakness, decreased performance, light chills. Then the temperature rises, with mild forms to subfebrile digits, with moderate to severe ones up to 38-40 o.

After exposure to contaminated food or water, the disease begins in many patients with nausea and repeated vomiting; these symptoms usually persist for several hours. Often there is myalgia and headache. The main clinical sign is diarrhea, which can vary from several times to innumerable. As a rule, loss with a stool of moderate volume, without blood. Intestinal cramps occur in two thirds of patients and are often localized in the navel. Peristalsis decreases, abdominal tenderness is noted. The duration of all symptoms does not exceed one week.

Prolonged fever and diarrhea indicate a complication or other illness. The clinic of salmonellosis is characterized by the presence of signs of damage to the cardiovascular system. The basis of these disorders are water-electrolyte losses and changes in the rheological properties of blood.

Laboratory diagnostic methods (planting feces on nutrient media and isolating specific Salmonella) are of fundamental importance for establishing the final diagnosis.

Treatment of patients with salmonellosis depends on the severity of the disease and the clinical form. The main areas include replenishment of water and electrolyte balance, reduction of general intoxication, restoration of digestive function. Antibacterial drugs are indicated only in severe cases of salmonellosis.

Food toxicoinfection

The diagnosis of "foodborne toxicosis" (PTI) suggests that the disease is caused not so much by a microorganism as by its toxins. These can be pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Yersinia, Proteus, Staphylo-and Streptococcus.

The source of infection can be sick animals or people, less often - the environment. The most frequent source of the disease are bacteria carriers working in food enterprises.

The path of transmission is food. Transmission factors are food products, in which as a result of the reproduction of microorganisms, accumulation of both the pathogen and its toxic substances has occurred. This is carried out most often in meat, fish, dairy products and various kinds of jelly and creams.

Unite PTI common features inherent in them:

  • the disease is often groupable;
  • the first manifestations are symptoms of toxemia and gastrointestinal manifestations; the most characteristic are abdominal pain in the umbilical region and the abundant nature of feces without mucus and blood;
  • the course of the disease is acute and short.

Diagnosis of PTI is based on clinical signs of the disease. In rare cases, bacteriological examination of human biological fluids and suspicious foods is carried out in order to isolate a microbial agent and its toxin.

Malabsorption syndrome

This is a chronic disease of the digestive tract, caused by impaired digestion of food masses. This may be due to defects in the enzymatic breakdown of nutrient substances into less complex compounds; lack of full absorption and subsequent transport of substances.

A person complains of various abdominal discomforts. Painful sensations are quite diverse, but not specific, while they persist (without treatment) for a long time. The most common symptoms are:

  • nausea, often associated with the intake of a certain type of food (for example, dairy products);
  • loss of appetite up to a complete aversion to food;
  • painful abdominal distention, feeling of transfusion and rumbling;
  • pain in the umbilical region of varying intensity;
  • copious loose stools without pathological impurities or, conversely, constipation.

Causes of malabsorption syndrome can be both congenital and acquired. Congenital defects of enzyme systems (for example, the absence of lipase - an enzyme that breaks down fats) are caused by genetically determined disorders and are not subject to cardinal treatment. Usually, such a pathology is detected in the first months of life, since the child is not gaining weight well and is constantly restless. In some cases, substitution therapy is possible with the introduction of the necessary enzymes from the outside or by excluding certain foods.

Acquired variants of malabsorption syndrome can be observed in chronic inflammatory processes of the mucous membrane of the colon or small intestine (enteritis), surgical resection of a part of the intestine, or insufficient pancreatic function. In this case, the direction of treatment depends on the cause, but in most cases will also include the use of enzyme preparations.

Hernia of the umbilical ring or white line of the abdomen

Usually occurs in obese people or in pregnant women, when there is an additional load on the muscle and connective tissue of the anterior abdominal wall. Anatomical and physiological features of the anterior abdominal wall are such that right in its middle connect the muscles and fasciae of the right and left half of the human body. This connection occurs through a relatively dense and short connective tissue ligament, the so-called white line of the abdomen. This line has a much smaller margin of safety than the muscles, so it is she who quickly loses its integrity. In the gap between the fibers of the white line or directly into the umbilical ring penetrate the intestinal loops, omentum or other internal organs. This is called a hernia.

By itself, a hernia, especially if its size is small, does not cause its host much concern, except for cosmetic. However, any hernia at any time may be infringed, that is, the defect of connective tissue will decrease and the internal organs that have come out through this defect will not be able to return to their original position.

At this point, the person feels a strong pain in the umbilical region, notes the thickening and darkening of the hernia itself. It should be as soon as possible to contact the surgeon. In some cases, possible conservative treatment and reposition of the hernia.

In most cases, the contents of the hernial sac undergo necrotic changes. Surgical intervention is required to excise dead tissue and suturing the hernial defect. The earlier the operation was performed, the lower the risk of postoperative complications.

Sharp belly

By this broad term is meant the combination of acutely developing inflammatory necrotic processes within the abdominal cavity. Pain in the umbilical region may be accompanied by diverticulitis, intestinal intussusception and thrombosis of the mesenteric vessels.

Other symptoms of acute abdomen are not specific enough (fever, vomiting, diarrhea or diarrhea), so only a doctor can correctly diagnose the diagnosis for certain strictly specific symptoms.

Diverticulitis is an inflammatory process of abnormal intestinal formations, the so-called blind pockets (diverticula). The causes of the onset of the inflammatory process are not fully known. Treatment only surgical, aimed at the excision of necrotic modified diverticulum.

Intestinal intussusception is more common in preschool children. When this occurs, the entry of part of the intestine in the adjacent department. The restoration of a normal anatomical structure is required, most often by surgery.

Thrombosis of the mesenteric vessels is a blockage of the lumen of the mesenteric artery (less commonly a vein) by a thrombus or embolus, as a result of which the blood supply to a significant part of the intestine is stopped.

A blood clot is formed directly on the wall of this artery in cases of bleeding disorders and atherosclerosis of the abdominal vessels. An embolus is a thrombus that forms in other parts of the human body (for example, in varicose veins of the extremities), but is carried in the mesenteric system with blood flow.

If the blood supply failure occurs gradually, self-compensation is possible due to collateral vessels. In case of acute blockage, an urgent operation is necessary to restore the vessel's patency and / or excision of the necrotic modified part of the intestine.


| 28 August 2015 | | 1 023 | Symptom Handbook
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Crabscheck Outyourstool: Your not gonna die cuz you don't have cancer just need to go to the loo to vomit or have a massive poo it will hurt pooing it out but it will stop it and you wont need to poo for a while this video is a lie about it being a disease that can be fatal if you want to be sure as to if its a issue with your digestive or immune system go to a trusted doctor who knows their stuff only be worried if you are told it is bad🙂

Beville Innis: I need how to stop it... Also, I went gluten-free because of this problem, but I still have more stomachs aches than most. Even though it has become less frequent, I am still often in the bathroom in pain. I need answers to stop stomachs aches.

The bubble sqwad: Gee thank you for telling me how to sleep with a stomach ache! This did not help at all you just told me I could have cancer while my stomach hurts. How am I supposed to lay down at night?!???

parshuram sawant: Sir mujhe nabhi ka problem hai kya nabhi kisakne se mujhe suddenly andhar se warm feel hota hai aur suddenly cool kya iski wajah nabhi hai

Manoj Biswal: Sir nabhi bar bar khisak jati hai kya isko ham nervous system ko strong karke iss bimari ko khatam nhi kr sakte ya apni manspeshiyon ko strong karke isko nahi roka jaa sakta hai

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