Bisacodyl candles instructions for use
Bisacodil is a drug that belongs to the pharmacological group of laxative drugs used to treat various pathologies of the digestive system organs.
Release form and composition
Candle Bisacodil contain the active active ingredient Bisacodil in the amount of 10 mg. Auxiliary substances are semi-synthetic glycerides, they are part of the shell of the candle. At room temperature, candles have a dense texture, under the influence of human body temperature (about + 37 ° C), they melt. The drug is produced in blisters in a cardboard bundle of 5 and 10 candles.
The active ingredient Bisacodyl belongs to the pharmacological group of laxatives. Its action is realized due to such effects:
- Direct irritation of the nerve endings of the intestinal mucosa, which leads to increased peristalsis (movement of the intestinal walls, aimed at pushing food from the upper digestive tract to the lower parts) and accelerating the passage of food masses. At the same time, the fluid is not completely absorbed, and the stool becomes more liquid.
- It blocks the absorption of salts and fluids from the intestinal lumen.
These effects provide stool softening for constipation caused by various disorders of the functional activity of the digestive system.
Indications for use
The main indication for use of bisacodil suppositories is constipation - pronounced compaction of the stool, followed by the impossibility of defecation. Constipation develops with a number of pathological processes in the digestive system, which include:
- Intestinal hypotonia is a decrease in the tone of the smooth muscle fibers of the intestinal walls, leading to a decrease in the intensity of peristalsis and stagnation of fecal masses in the lower sections with their compaction. Intestinal hypotension can develop in a number of infectious diseases, be the result of age-related changes in the body in the elderly, or a violation of the intestinal innervation of the fibers of the autonomic nervous system. Often, intestinal hypotonia develops in people who are forced to stay in bed for a long time (patients after a stroke, heavy operations).
- Functional constipation, which is a consequence of eating disorders.
- The need to relax the chair in the presence of hemorrhoids.
Bisacodil candles are also used for relaxing the stool for bowel cleansing before ultrasound, bowel X-ray, endoscopic examination (rectoromanoscopy, colonoscopy).
The use of bisacodil suppositories is contraindicated in a number of pathological and physiological conditions of the body, which include:
- Mechanical intestinal obstruction - the presence of an obstacle to the movement of food masses through the intestines, while stimulation of peristalsis through candles Bisacodil can provoke the development of a number of complications.
- A strangulated hernia in which the loop of the intestine is in the hernial sac.
- Peritonitis is an acute inflammation of the peritoneum that covers the intestinal loops and the walls of the abdominal cavity.
- Any acute inflammatory diseases of the abdominal organs.
- Bleeding from any part of the gastrointestinal tract - the use of bisacodyl suppositories in this case can provoke an increase in the intensity of bleeding.
- Spastic constipation - a violation of the movement of food masses caused by a spasm (narrowing) of the intestine, due to an excessive increase in the tone of smooth muscles of its walls.
- Syndrome malabsorption (impaired digestion and absorption) of glucose or lactose.
- Acute inflammation of hemorrhoids with the risk of bleeding from them.
- Acute proctitis is an inflammatory process in the rectum.
- The lactase enzyme deficiency, which is responsible for the digestion of carbohydrates with an increase in the number of disaccharides in the intestinal lumen and a tendency to diarrhea.
- Children age up to 3 years - the use of bisacodil candles can lead to the rapid development of dehydration (dehydration) of the child's body.
- Individual intolerance to one of the components of the drug.
For pregnant and lactating women, Bisacodil suppositories are used with caution, only under the supervision of the attending physician. Also in the case of liver or kidney failure, the drug is used only for strict medical reasons.
Dosage and administration
Bisacodil plugs are inserted into the rectal lumen (rectal administration). To achieve a therapeutic effect, candles are administered 1 time per day. Unlike taking pills, the introduction of a candle is recommended in the morning, since a laxative effect develops in 1-2 hours. The average therapeutic dose depends on age:
- Children aged 3-7 years - 5 mg (1/2 candles).
- Children aged 7-14 years - 10 mg (1 candle).
- Children over 14 years old and adults - depending on the severity of constipation 10-20 mg (1-2 candles).
For prophylactic bowel cleansing for instrumental examination, on the eve of its conduct on the same day, 1 Bisacodyl candle is introduced.
The use of bisacodil suppositories can lead to the development of a number of negative reactions, which include manifestations on the part of the digestive system - nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and bloating (flatulence). In rare cases, the appearance of impurities of blood and mucus in the stool. Sometimes an allergic reaction develops in the form of a skin rash, itching or urticaria (a rash and swelling of the skin resembling a nettle burn). With prolonged use, dehydration and deficiency of minerals in it develop. In case of occurrence of side effects, the use of the drug should be stopped and seek medical help.
Before using candles, Bisacodil should be carefully read their instructions. It is especially important to pay attention to such specific instructions regarding their use:
- The duration of the drug should not exceed several days (maximum 7 days), since prolonged relaxation of the chair can lead to dehydration and a deficiency of minerals in it.
- With caution, the drug is used for children from 3 years old, pregnant and lactating women.
- It is not recommended to use milk and alkaline drinks (mineral water) while using bisacodil candles.
- During the simultaneous administration of drugs to reduce acidity in the stomach (antacids), irritation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum is possible.
- The drug does not affect the speed of psychomotor reactions and concentration of attention, however, due to the possible imperative urge to defecate, it is recommended to abandon activities related to the need for quick reactions and concentration.
In the pharmacy chain, Bisacodil candles are sold without a prescription. If you have any doubts or questions regarding their use, you should consult with your doctor.
Exceeding the recommended therapeutic dose of the drug can lead to severe diarrhea, dehydration and loss of salts. Prolonged use over 7 days causes dehydration, hypokalemia (decrease in the level of potassium ions in the blood) and damage to the renal tubules. In the case of an overdose, rehydration therapy is carried out - the restoration of body fluids and salts using intravenous drip injections of saline solutions.
Analogs candles Bisacodil
The analogue of candles are bisacodil tablets, which contain the same active ingredient.
Terms and conditions of storage
The shelf life since the manufacture of the drug is 3 years. Bisacodil candles should be stored in a dark dry place with the air temperature no higher than + 25 ° C. Keep out of the reach of children.
Bisacodyl candles Price
Bisacodyl candles 10 mg - from 40 to 52 rubles.