Betahistine tablets instructions for use
Tablets Betahistin (Betahistin) belong to the synthetic analogues of histamine. Their active ingredient influences the blood formation system and the blood flow in particular. The active ingredient of the drug improves microcirculation and permeability of the inner ear capillaries, as well as normalizes the endolymph pressure in the maze and cochlea.
All of these properties characterize the scope of the described drug: relieving symptoms of vestibular vertigo.
Among all the analogues, which include betahistine dihydrochloride, the drug Betahistin of the Russian pharmaceutical company Pharmaceutical Company Obolenskoe combines excellent quality and reasonable price. For this reason, this tool is very popular among doctors and among patients.
It should be remembered that Bethanistin can be prescribed only by the attending physician. Independent use of the drug is not permissible.
Below are instructions on the use of Betahistine tablets.
Release form and composition
Betahistine tablets include betahistine dihydrochloride, which is one of the substances that affect the microcirculation of the maze. Pharmacological action of the drug is aimed at treating problems associated with the vestibular apparatus.
Depending on the amount of the active substance (betahistine dihydrochloride) in the tablet, there are three dosages of the drug:
- 24 mg.
The composition of Betahistin tablets also includes excipients:
- milk sugar (lactose);
- microcrystalline cellulose;
- citric acid monohydrate;
- aerosil (colloidal silicon dioxide);
- magnesium stearate;
The color of the tablets is almost white or white, the shape is biconvex, the edges are rounded. Each copy is supplied with a risk and marking of the amount of the active substance. Thus, there are markings of 8 mg, 16 mg and 24 mg in accordance with the amount of active ingredient.
The product is packaged in blister packs of 10 tablets, which are 2, 3, or 5 pieces packed in cardboard boxes and supplied with instructions.
Indications for use
Betahistine tablets are prescribed for problems with the vestibular apparatus, that is, with vestibular vertigo. And he is appointed for both treatment and prophylactic purposes.
This drug is used for the syndrome or Meniere's disease, with a decrease in hearing, dizziness, tinnitus, headache, vomiting, nausea.
After consuming the tablets, the maximum concentration in the blood is observed after three hours. The drug is excreted by the kidneys during the day, the half-life is four hours.
In no case should betahistine tablets be prescribed for lactose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption syndrome or lactase deficiency.
The drug is contraindicated in children under 18 years of age, pregnant and lactating women, as well as patients who have a high sensitivity to the components of the drug.
Caution should be exercised in patients who have a history of duodenal ulcer or stomach ulcer, bronchial asthma or pheochromocytoma. Such people need control from the medical staff.
Dosing and Administration
Betahistine tablets prescribed 8 or 16 mg, which is 0.5 or 1 tablet three times a day. Take the drug inside during a meal, drinking the necessary amount of liquid.
Patients notice improvement after the first use, and a constant therapeutic effect is observed two weeks after the start of treatment. Within a few months, positive results only increase.
The duration of treatment is determined by the doctor in each case. As a rule, it is several months.
Despite numerous positive results from the use of the described drug, betahistine may provoke the development of some adverse reactions. This absolutely does not mean that all patients will experience discomfort from taking pills.
For any suspicious reactions, you should consult with a specialist who can cancel the drug or adjust the dosage, suggest a new drug.
In general, complaints when using Betahistine tablets occur in only one out of ten patients.
Most often, patients complain of deterioration of the general condition. If you do not follow the recommendations for taking the pills: take them before meals, you may have an upset stomach.
Some patients with hypersensitivity to the components of the drug may experience allergic reactions on the skin. They usually manifest as itching or rash. In such a situation, antihistamines, both ointments and tablets, will help.
Sometimes there may be a feeling of discomfort or abdominal distention, headache. In each case, on the recommendation of the doctor will be assigned to the appropriate drug (carminative, analgesic).
In any situation, if the patient feels a suspicious effect from taking the drug, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
If a patient has a duodenal ulcer or stomach ulcer, as well as bronchial asthma, the pheochromocytoma Betahistin tablets should be carried out under the constant supervision of specialists.
This drug is not recommended for children under 18 years of age. This is due to the fact that there is no reliable data on the positive effects of the use of the drug at this age.
Pregnant women, as well as breastfeeding betahistine can not be prescribed. If there is an urgent need for admission to a woman during lactation, breastfeeding should be stopped. You can resume feeding after the complete abolition of the drug.
Betahistine tablets are not able to influence the reaction and memory of the patient, and do not have a hypnotic effect. For this reason, they are not contraindicated for drivers and people engaged in potentially hazardous activities that require quick response.
Among the drugs that have the same active ingredient in the composition, first of all, the following are distinguished:
Betaver Asniton, Betagistina hydrochloride, Vestibo, Betagistina dihydrochloride, Betacentrin, Betaserk, Mikrozer, Vazoserk, Vestikap, Tagista, Denoyz.
All these drugs belong to structural analogues.
Terms and conditions of storage
The drug Betahistine belongs to list B. It must be kept in a place where children cannot reach. The temperature must adhere to around room temperature, that is, 25 ° C, the humidity is minimal.
The drug is valid for two years from the date of manufacture. With the passage of this period, it is not to be consumed.
Pharmacy vacation terms
Betahistine tablets are sold from a pharmacy by prescription only. This measure allows you to exclude self-medication.
Betagistin tablets 8mg, 30 pcs. - from 55 rub
Betagistin tablets 16mg, 30 pcs. - from 90 rub
Betagistin tablets 24mg, 30 pcs. - from 110 rubles