Betahistin tablets (Betahistin) refer to synthetic analogues of histamine. Their active substance affects the hematopoiesis system and the blood flow in particular. The active substance of the drug improves the microcirculation and permeability of the inner ear capillaries, and normalizes the pressure of the endolymph in the labyrinth and cochlea of the ear.
All these properties characterize the scope of the described drug: the removal of symptoms of vestibular vertigo.
Among all analogues in the composition of which there is betahistine dihydrochloride, the drug Betagistin of the Russian pharmaceutical company ZAO Pharmaceutical Enterprise Obolenskoe combines excellent quality and reasonable price. For this reason, this remedy is very popular with both doctors and patients.
It should be remembered that Bethanistin can be prescribed only by the attending physician. Independently use the drug is not allowed.
Below is an instruction on the use of Betagistin tablets.
Form of issue and composition
Betagistin tablets contain betahistine dihydrochloride, which refers to substances that affect the microcirculation of the labyrinth. Pharmacological action of the drug is aimed at treating problems associated with the vestibular apparatus.
Depending on the amount of active substance (betagistin dihydrochloride) in the tablet there are three dosages of the drug:
- 8 mg;
- 16 mg;
- 24 mg.
The composition of tablets Betagistina also includes auxiliary substances:
- milk sugar (lactose);
- microcrystalline cellulose;
- monohydrate of citric acid;
- aerosil (colloidal silicon dioxide);
- magnesium stearate;
The color of the tablets is almost white or white, the shape is biconvex, the edges are rounded. Each specimen is supplied with a risk and a labeling of the amount of the active substance. Thus, there are markings of 8 mg, 16 mg and 24 mg in accordance with the amount of the active substance.
The preparation is packed into contour-cell packs of 10 tablets, which are packed into cardboard boxes and supplied with instructions for 2, 3 or 5 pieces.
Indications for use
Betagistin tablets are prescribed for problems with the vestibular apparatus, that is, with vestibular vertigo. Moreover, it is prescribed for both treatment and prophylactic purposes.
This drug is used in the syndrome or Meniere's disease, with hearing loss, dizziness, noise in the ears, headache, vomiting, nausea.
After using the tablets, the maximum concentration in the blood is observed after three hours. The drug is excreted by the kidneys during the day, the elimination half-life is four hours.
Betagistin pills should in no case be prescribed for lactose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption syndrome, or lactase deficiency.
The drug is contraindicated in children under 18 years of age, pregnant and lactating women, as well as patients who have high sensitivity to the components of the drug.
Care should be taken in patients who have a history of duodenal ulcers or stomach ulcers, bronchial asthma or pheochromocytoma. Such people need control from medical professionals.
Dosing and Administration
Betagistin tablets are prescribed at 8 or 16 mg, which is equal to 0.5 or 1 tablet three times a day. Take the drug inside while eating, squeezed the required amount of liquid.
Patients report improvement after the first application, with a permanent therapeutic effect observed two weeks after the start of treatment. Within a few months, positive results only increase.
The duration of treatment is determined by the doctor in each case. As a rule, it is several months.
Despite numerous positive results from the application of the described preparation, Betagistin can provoke the development of some adverse reactions. This does not mean that all patients will experience discomfort from the use of tablets.
At any suspicious reactions it is necessary to consult with the expert who can cancel a medicine or to correct a dosage, to offer a new preparation.
In general, complaints with the use of Betagistin tablets only occur in one out of ten patients.
Most often, patients complain of worsening of the general condition. If you do not follow the recommendation for taking tablets: take them before meals, there may be indigestion.
In some patients who are hypersensitive to the components of the drug, allergic reactions to the skin can occur. They usually show up as an itch or rash. In such a situation, antihistamines will be of great help, with both ointments and tablets.
Sometimes there may be a feeling of discomfort or bloating, a headache. In each specific case, on the recommendation of the doctor, the appropriate drug (carminative, analgesic) will be assigned.
In any situation, if the patient feels a suspicious effect from taking the drug, consult a doctor.
If the patient has a history of duodenal ulcer or stomach, as well as bronchial asthma, pheochromocytoma, taking tablets of Betagistin should be done under the constant supervision of specialists.
This drug is not recommended for children under 18 years of age. This is due to the fact that there is no reliable data on the positive effects of using the drug at this age.
Pregnant women, as well as breastfeeding Betagistin can not be appointed. If there is an acute need for admission to a woman during lactation, breastfeeding should be discontinued. Resume feeding can be after complete withdrawal of the drug.
Betagystine tablets are not able to influence the patient's reaction and memory, nor do they have a hypnotic effect. For this reason, they are not contraindicated for drivers and persons engaged in potentially hazardous activities requiring quick reaction.
Beta histidine analogues
Among the drugs that have the same active substance in the composition, the following are the first ones:
Betaver, Asniton, Betagistina hydrochloride, Vestibo, Beta-histin dihydrochloride, Betacentrine, Betaserk, Micrometer, Vasocerk, Vesticap, Tagista, Denoise.
All these preparations belong to structural analogues.
Terms and conditions of storage
The drug Betagistin belongs to the list B. It must be kept in a place where children can not reach. The temperature should be kept around room temperature, that is 25 ° С, humidity - the minimum.
The drug is suitable for two years from the date of manufacture. At the end of this period, it is not subject to consumption.
Terms of leave from the pharmacy
Betagistin tablets are sold from the pharmacy only on prescription. This measure allows you to exclude self-treatment.
Betagistin tablets 8mg, 30 pcs. - from 55 rubles
Betagistin tablets 16mg, 30 pcs. - from 90 rubles
Betagistin tablets 24mg, 30 pcs. - from 110 rubles