- Betadine Solution
Betadine is a broad-spectrum drug and is used as an antiseptic for local and external use.
Form of issue and composition
The preparation Betadin is released as a 10% solution of dark brown color with a volume of 30 ml, 120 ml and 1000 ml. The medicine should not contain precipitated or suspended particles.
In 1 ml of the solution, 100 mg of povidone-iodine is contained as the active substance.
As auxiliary substances, glycerol, citric acid, nonoxyl 9, sodium hydroxide solution 10%, disodium hydrogen phosphate, purified water are used.
The disinfectant and antiseptic property of the drug is manifested by iodine, which is released from the complex with polyvinylpyrrolidone in interaction with the skin and mucous membranes. As a result, iodine binds to proteins of bacterial cells and leads to the death of microorganisms. Has a high bactericidal effect on gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Also has a harmful effect on viruses, fungi, spores and protozoa.
Prolonged use of the drug Betadine on large areas of skin with extensive wounds and burns, leads to the absorption of large amounts of iodine. Elevated levels of iodine in the blood passes 7-14 days after the last administration of the drug. In people who have a healthy thyroid gland, this increase in iodine does not affect the hormonal background. From the body, iodine is excreted only by the kidneys.
Iodine, which reacts with proteins of microorganisms, loses its color. Accordingly, the indicator of the effectiveness of the preparation is the intensity of brown staining. After the disappearance of the color, you can reapply the drug. The solution of Betadine is easily washed off and dissolved in water.
Indications for use
- treatment of viral, fungal and bacterial skin infections, prevention of superinfections in dermatological diseases;
- prevention and treatment of wound infections in traumatology, surgery, dentistry, kbustustologii;
- disinfection of mucous membranes and skin before invasive examinations (biopsy, puncture, injection) and before surgical operations;
- treatment of trophic ulcers, pressure sores, diabetic foot;
- disinfection of the skin around the catheters, drains, probes;
- antiseptic treatment of the oral cavity during dental operations;
- disinfection of the birth canal during simple gynecological operations (intrauterine device introduction, artificial termination of pregnancy), polyp, erosion coagulation;
- diluted solution of Betadine is used in the prevention of ophthalmia in newborns.
Mode of application
The solution of Betadine is used in undiluted and diluted form for external application to the skin. The preparation should not be diluted with hot water. It is allowed not to prolong the heating of the solution and the temperature of 36-37 ° C. During preoperative treatment, make sure that there is no excess solution left behind under the patient, which can lead to skin irritation.
When treating burns and wounds, skin and hands before surgery, catheterization of the bladder, before punctures and injections apply undiluted Betadine solution.
It is allowed to use the Betadine solution several times a day.
It is necessary to observe the following rules when processing hands:
Hygienic hand disinfection: 3 ml of undiluted solution 2 times - each portion of the liquid should remain on the skin of the hands for 30 seconds.
Surgical hand disinfection: 5 ml of undiluted solution 2 times - each portion of the liquid should be in contact with the skin for 5 minutes.
For the full effect of skin disinfection, the applied solution is left to dry.
For the above indications, a solution of Betadine diluted with tap water is used. When surgical interventions, in the treatment of wounds and burns for dilution use isotonic sodium chloride solution or Ringer's solution. The diluted solution is prepared immediately before use.
- individual intolerance to the components of the drug;
- pregnancy and lactation;
- adenoma or thyroid dysfunction;
- kidney failure;
- herpetiform dermatitis of Dühring;
- children under 1 year.
With increased sensitivity to the components of the drug, an allergic reaction is possible in the form of edema, itching, burning or hyperemia. Such manifestations require withdrawal of the drug.
With long-term use of the drug in predisposed individuals, hyperthyroidism may occur.
Intensive application of the solution to large areas with burns can lead to a violation of electrolyte balance, osmolarity of blood serum, metabolic acidosis, impaired renal function.
In rare cases, acute generalized reactions are possible, accompanied by suffocation or hypotension.
The use of the drug during pregnancy or lactation is allowed only under condition of absolute indications and in small doses.
Newborns and children up to 6 months are allowed to use Betadine solution only with strict indications. In the future, it is necessary to monitor the activity of the thyroid gland.
With excessive use of the drug, the following symptoms of intoxication are possible: metal taste in the mouth, increased salivation, pain in the mouth and throat, eye irritation, heartburn, skin reactions, gastrointestinal disorders, anuria, pulmonary edema.
Treatment is carried out by the immediate introduction of food products containing protein or starch (a solution of starch in milk or water). The stomach is washed with a solution of sodium thiosulfate or injected intravenously. It is necessary to carefully monitor the activity of the thyroid gland for early detection or elimination of hyperthyroidism.
The drug is not compatible with other antiseptics containing enzymes, alkalis and mercury.
The drug should be stored in a dry, dark, cool and inaccessible place for children.
Analogues of the Betadine solution
Analogues for the active ingredient: Aquazan, Brownunod B. Brown, Povidone-iodine
Betadine solution price
Betadine solution 10% 30ml - from 170 rubles.