Atarax application instructions
Atarax is a drug from the group of tranquilizers (anxiolytics).
The active substance of the drug is hydroxyzine hydrochloride. The drug is available in the form of tablets in a dosage of 25 mg. As auxiliary substances, lactose, silicon, cellulose, magnesium stearate are used.
Reception of Atarax helps to provide sedative, antiemetic, antihistamine (eliminates itching and urticaria), analgesic effect, relaxation of skeletal and smooth muscles, improves memory and attention.
The use of the drug prolongs the duration of sleep, reduces the frequency of nocturnal awakenings after a single tablet intake at a dosage of 50 mg.
The use of tablets is not addictive and addictive, the pharmacological effect occurs after 15 minutes-half an hour after taking the drug. Against the background of prolonged use of tablets, there was no development of withdrawal syndrome and impairment of cognitive functions of the brain.
Method of administration, dosage
With the development of pruritus and urticaria in children from 1 year to 6 years of age, tablets should be taken at a dose of 1.25 mg per 1 kg of body weight. Dosage should be divided into several doses during the day. For patients over 6 years of age, a dosage of 1-2 mg per 1 kg of body weight is recommended. The dose of the drug is divided into several receptions.
Adults with the goal of symptomatic therapy of anxiety appointed at a dosage of 25-100 mg per day. The daily dose is divided into several doses throughout the day or the medication is used before bed. The average dosage is 50 mg per day. If necessary, the daily dose can be increased to 300 mg per day as prescribed by the doctor in charge.
For the purpose of symptomatic therapy of pruritus, adults are prescribed taking tablets at a dosage of 25 mg. As necessary, the drug can be taken up to 4 times a day in a dosage of 25 mg.
The maximum single dose of the drug should not exceed 200 mg. The maximum daily dose of the drug is 300 mg.
For patients of older age groups and persons who have a history of abnormalities in the normal functioning of the liver and kidneys, correction (reduction) of the dosage is required.
In case of overdose, it is possible to develop vomiting, nausea, involuntary motor movements, hallucinations, impaired consciousness, dizziness, arrhythmia, lowering blood pressure.
If the patient does not vomit, then as a treatment should be washed stomach and immediately consult a doctor. The next day should be carried out activities aimed at maintaining vital body functions.
Indications for the use of the drug are:
- Elimination of anxiety, psychomotor agitation, stress, irritability.
- Symptomatic therapy of withdrawal syndrome, which occurs against a background of chronic alcoholism.
- Provide a sedative effect during the period of premedication.
- Elimination of the itch of the skin.
The drug is contraindicated in porphyria, during pregnancy, lactation and during childbirth, with intolerance to active or auxiliary tablets.
From the use of Atarax will have to refrain from patients with intolerance to cetirizine, galactose, piperazine derivatives, aminophilin, ethylenediamine.
The drug is used with extreme caution, if the patient is diagnosed with myasthenia gravis, prostatic hyperplasia, difficulty in defecation and urination, dementia, increased intraocular pressure, predisposition to arrhythmia and convulsions.
Atorax can not be used in conjunction with drugs that contribute to the arrhythmogenic effect and inhibitory effects on the central nervous system. If the drug is used by patients who have a history of renal or hepatic insufficiency, as well as people of older age groups, dosage correction (reduction) may be required.
Adverse reactions that can occur with the reception of Atarax have a mild character and self-disregard a few days after the beginning of the intake or after a decrease in dosage.
Reception of Atarax can promote the development of dry mouth, delay urination, constipation, general weakness and drowsiness (mainly at the beginning of therapy), headache, dizziness. In the event that the state of weakness and dizziness do not go away after a few days of therapy, you should consult a doctor and, if necessary, reduce the dosage.
It is also possible to develop such side effects: lowering blood pressure, tachycardia, nausea, increased sweating, allergic reactions.
In the event that the drug is used in the dosage prescribed by the attending physician, respiratory depression is not observed.
Interaction with other drug groups
The simultaneous use of Atarax with cardiac glycosides, atropine, antihypertensive drugs, antihistamines does not affect the decrease in the pharmacological effect of these groups of drugs.
Atarax can not be used together with drugs from the group of cholinoblockers and MAO inhibitors.
In the event that allergotests are required, the drug Atarax should be stopped no less than 5 days before the proposed examination.
Atarax is not compatible with liquor. For the duration of therapy, one should refrain from drinking alcohol.
The intake of the drug may influence the reaction rate, so it is recommended to abstain from driving the vehicle and performing work that requires a high concentration of attention for the duration of therapy.
Analogues of Atarax
The analogue of the drug Atarax is Hydroxysin.
Storage of medicinal product Atarax should be carried out in a dark place, protected from direct sunlight. Storage temperature - no more than 25 degrees.
Price for Atarax
The cost of the drug Atarax:
- Tablets 25 mg, 25 pcs. - 270-300 rub.