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Alprazolam instructions for use

Alprazolam instructions for use

Alprazolam - a drug from the group of antidepressants, which has a slight anticonvulsant effect on the body, normalizes sleep.

The drug is available in the form of tablets with a dosage of 250 and 1000 mg, 50 pieces in a carton.

Pharmacological properties of the drug

Alprazolam tablets have a slight anticonvulsant effect on the patient's body, facilitate the process of falling asleep and the duration of a night's sleep.

The hypnotic effect of the drug is due to the effect of the main active ingredient of the tablet on the cells of the reticular formation, which are located in the brain stem. In addition, the drug reduces the effects of irritants on the central nervous system, which can disrupt sleep and cause excessive excitability of the patient.

After ingestion of the active ingredient of the drug reaches its maximum concentration in the blood after 1-2 hours. As the patient pills the patient, the feeling of anxiety, fear, and emotional overstrain disappears.

Tablets do not adversely affect the cardiovascular system and respiratory tract. The active ingredients of Alprazolam do not accumulate in the body and are completely eliminated naturally through the kidneys.

Indications for use

Alprazolam tablets are prescribed only by a doctor in a specific dosage for each individual case under the following conditions:

  • Neurosis and constant feeling of anxiety or fear;
  • Insomnia due to increased emotional excitability and nervous tension;
  • Apathy, indifference to what is happening around;
  • Depression;
  • Constant crying or irritability;
  • Loss of appetite due to feelings or apathy;
  • Phobias of unknown origin, occurring on level ground.


According to the instructions, Alprazolam tablets have a number of serious contraindications, which include:

  • Protracted and severe forms of depression that require the help of a psychiatrist and are accompanied by suicidal thoughts and inclinations;
  • Angle-closure glaucoma of the eye;
  • Conditions of acute alcohol poisoning or ethanol;
  • The simultaneous use of serious psychotropic drugs or hypnotic drugs dispensed in pharmacies by the red prescription;
  • Chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract, which are often accompanied by bronchial obstruction;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • Acute respiratory or heart failure;
  • Individual intolerance to the components of the drug or hypersensitivity to one of the ingredients in the tablet;
  • Age up to 18 years.

Use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation

The use of Alprazolam tablets while waiting for a woman to have a child is absolutely contraindicated. The active ingredients in the preparation have a toxic effect on the central nervous system of the fetus, its liver and kidneys. They easily penetrate the placental barrier and can lead to the development of congenital deformities in a child, premature birth of an unviable fetus or the birth of a dead fetus.

The use of this drug during breastfeeding is also absolutely unacceptable, since the active ingredients of the tablet easily penetrate into breast milk and can be passed to the baby with food. The drug has a negative effect on the nervous system of the infant, as well as on its internal organs - the heart, respiratory tract, liver, kidneys, so if you need to treat a nursing woman with Alprazolam, you must stop breastfeeding and transfer the infant to artificial nutrition.

Alprazolam tablets are also not used in pediatric practice, since they have a toxic effect on the children's body.

Dosage and administration

Alprazolam tablets are recommended for patients in the lowest possible dosage, which will be effective. In the initial stages of the treatment of sleep disorders and depressive conditions, an adult needs 250 micrograms three times a day. If this dosage is sufficient and the negative effects disappear, then you should not exceed the dose. The duration of drug treatment is determined only by a specialist, depending on the severity of the patient, his body weight, age and severity of symptoms.

The pill should be taken 1 hour before meals or 2 hours after meals, with a sufficient amount of liquid.

Side effects

The drug Alprazolam has a pronounced therapeutic effect on the body, so it is strictly forbidden to exceed the dose specified by the doctor or self-medicate! If you exceed the dose or improper use of the drug, the patient has a number of side effects:

  • Feeling of indisposition, weakness;
  • Drowsiness and lethargy;
  • Dizziness;
  • Decreased concentration and in some cases lack of response to what is happening around;
  • Unsteady gait;
  • Lag or slow speech.

Drug overdose

With prolonged uncontrolled use of this drug and self-excess indicated in the instruction dose, overdose symptoms develop, which are expressed as follows:

  • On the part of the nervous system: headaches, flashes of aggression or, conversely, unreasonable joy and euphoria, incoordination, hallucinations, hand tremors, fears, confusion and speech;
  • On the part of the digestive system: loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, increased salivation, dryness of the mucous membranes of the mouth, heartburn, constipation or diarrhea;
  • On the part of the urinary system: oliguria or anuria (a decrease in the amount of daily urine discharge or its complete absence), impaired kidney function, the development of edema;
  • On the part of the heart and respiratory system: increased heart rate, decreased blood pressure;

In blood tests of the patient, a decrease in the number of leukocytes, hemoglobin, and platelets is observed.

Skin rashes and severe itching may occur. If you experience these symptoms, treatment with the drug should be immediately stopped and consult a doctor. In some cases, the patient requires gastric lavage.

special instructions

During the period the use of the drug Alprazolam may be observed addiction of the body to its components. The patient may notice that the usual doses do not help or have no effect at all.

It is also impossible to cancel the drug abruptly, it should be done gradually, daily reducing the dosage of the drug. Abrupt cessation of treatment with Alprazolam can cause the patient's so-called withdrawal syndrome, which is expressed in insomnia, cramps, increased sweating, muscle spasms, hand tremor.

Interaction with other drugs

The drug should be taken with caution while prescribing antibiotics of the tetracycline group, macrolides and digoxin.

With the simultaneous use of Alprazolam and psychotropic drugs, toxic effects on the central nervous system and vital internal organs are possible, therefore, if a patient has already taken any of the above group of drugs, be sure to inform your doctor!

Drug storage conditions

Tablets can be stored at room temperature in a dark place out of the reach of children. The shelf life of the drug is 5 years from the date of manufacture, which is indicated on the carton.

Analogs of Alprazolam tablets

Analogs on the active substance: Alzolam, Alprox, Zolomax, Kassadan, Xanax, Xanax retard, Neurol, Frontin, Heleks

Alprazolam prices

Alprazolam tablets 1 mg number 50. - from 374 rubles.

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