Acyclovir ointment instructions for use
- Acyclovir ointment instructions for use
- Release form and composition of the drug
- Indications for use of the drug
- Dosage and administration
- Use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation
- Side effects and symptoms of drug overdose
- The interaction of the drug with other drugs
- special instructions
- Storage conditions and dispensing of the drug in pharmacies
- Acyclovir ointment analogues
- Acyclovir ointment Price
The drug Acyclovir is a powerful antiviral agent intended for external use, which is highly effective against herpes simplex viruses of types 1 and 2.
Release form and composition of the drug
This drug is available in the form of a 5% ointment for external use in aluminum tubes of 20 g. Tubes are packed in a cardboard box.
The main active ingredient of the ointment is acyclovir. Auxiliary substances - emulsifier No. 1, nipazol, nipagin, purified water, lipocomp "C". Ointment is a homogeneous substance of white or white with a yellowish tinge of color, without any strong or peculiar smell.
Indications for use of the drug
Acyclovir ointment is prescribed to patients for the treatment and prevention of such conditions:
- Herpetic eruption of the skin;
- The defeat of the herpes simplex virus genitals and mucous membranes of the genital tract;
- Herpes zoster caused by herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2 types.
Acyclovir ointment should not be used by patients for treatment if they have the following symptoms or limitations:
- Individual intolerance to acyclovir or excipients that make up the drug;
- The presence of purulent or ulcerative lesions on the skin;
- Open wounds and bacterial infection of the skin at the site of injury;
- Children's age up to 3 years;
- Pregnancy and lactation period.
Dosage and administration
This drug is intended for external use for the treatment of herpetic lesions of the skin and external genital organs. The number of daily application of the ointment and the duration of treatment is determined by the doctor, depending on the diagnosis, the severity of the viral infection, the individual characteristics of the patient.
For example, to treat a herpetic infection around the mouth and under the nose, ointment should be applied to the affected areas 3 times a day, after clearing the skin of dust and cosmetics (for women). The course of treatment is at least 5 days.
Treatment of shingles as part of complex therapy with Acyclovir ointment is about 7 days, and the drug should be continued to be applied on the affected skin for another 3 days after the disappearance of the clinical symptoms of the disease in order to prevent recurrence of the infection. The total duration of treatment with ointment should not exceed 10 days. If during this period the patient does not observe improvements, then you should again consult a doctor in order to clarify the correctness of the diagnosis and assess the adequacy of treatment.
Use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation
Doctors do not recommend the use of ointment against herpes Acyclovir in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Although there is no evidence of the teratogenic effect of acyclovir on the embryo, it is still not recommended to use this drug during this period, since in the first 3 months the internal organs of the fetus are formed, and the use of any drugs, even local effects, can disrupt this delicate process.
The use of ointment in the 2nd and 3rd trimester should be agreed with the gynecologist. The use of acyclovir on these terms is possible in the case when the expected benefit to the mother many times exceeds the potential risk to the fetus.
The use of Acyclovir ointment during breastfeeding is not recommended, since the active ingredient of the drug penetrates into breast milk and can accumulate in the baby’s body, causing him severe kidney and liver damage. If necessary, the use of this drug in the period of lactation should transfer the child to artificial feeding dairy adapted mixture.
Side effects and symptoms of drug overdose
Ointment for external use Acyclovir 5% in most cases is well tolerated by patients, however, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism and the correct use during treatment, the following side effects may develop:
- Hyperemia and itching of the skin after application of the drug;
- Burning and rash skin allergic nature;
- Swelling of the skin after application of the drug;
- Dry and flaky skin with prolonged use or excessive application of the drug.
Since the drug is poorly absorbed into the systemic bloodstream, cases of overdose with ointment acyclovir are not described in medicine, however, in order to prevent the development of the above side effects, it is not recommended to exceed the dose prescribed by the doctor.
The interaction of the drug with other drugs
The simultaneous use of ointment Acyclovir with other antiviral drugs orally enhance the therapeutic effect of the ointment.
Simultaneous external use of ointment with Acyclovir tablets increases the risk of side effects with an incorrectly calculated dosage of the drug.
The ointment is intended for external use, so Acyclovir 5% can not be applied to the mucous membrane of the eye with keratosis, vaginal wall, oral cavity and nasal mucosa.
Ointment acyclovir does not have a protective property against infections of the genital tract, therefore, during the period of treatment with a drug for genital herpes, it is necessary to abandon sex or use barrier contraceptives.
The drug is practically not absorbed into the bloodstream, so during the period of treatment with ointment, the patient can continue to drive a car and control other complex mechanisms that require a speed of reaction. The active ingredient of the ointment does not inhibit the work of the central nervous system and does not inhibit the reaction rate.
Storage conditions and dispensing of the drug in pharmacies
Ointment 5% Acyclovir dispensed in pharmacies without a prescription. An unprinted tube should be stored in a cool place for 2 years from the date of manufacture indicated on the package. An open tube should be stored in a refrigerator or other cold place out of the reach of children. Use throughout the year. After the expiration of this period should be discarded ointment.
Acyclovir ointment analogues
Analogs on the active substance: Vivoraks, Virolex, Gerviraks, Gerperaks, Gerpesin, Zoviraks, Lizavir, Medovir, Provirsan, Supravira, Tsiklovaks, Tsiklovir, Tsitivir.
Acyclovir ointment Price
Ointment for external use of 5%; aluminum tube 5 g - from 13 rubles.