Acetylcysteine: instructions for use
Acetylcysteine is a drug in the form of a white powder with a slight yellowish tinge. It is used for colds, which are accompanied by cough. Is mucolytic. Promotes rapid and effective dilution of sputum by stimulating its volume. Significantly simplifies the withdrawal of sputum from the body. Active in purulent diseases of the broncho - pulmonary system. It has a slight anti-inflammatory effect. The maximum performance of the drug Acetylcysteine in the blood is achieved 3 hours after ingestion.
Release form and composition
Acetylcysteinum in a powder look is issued. Designed for pre-dissolution in water, followed by oral administration. In each package, the content of active ingredient acetylcysteine reaches 0.2 grams. In addition to the active element, additional substances are included in the drug: aspartame, flavor, lactose monohydrate, citric acid, sodium bicarbonate.
Cardboard packaging of the drug may contain 10 or 20 bags. It contains data on the series of release and the term of validity. Inside the box is a manual with a detailed description of the drug.
Indications for use
Acetylcysteine powder should be used for such painful conditions:
- diseases of the respiratory organs;
- increased sputum mucopurulent or viscous consistency;
- tracheitis developed as a result of infection provoked by a viral or bacterial pathogen;
- chronic and acute bronchitis ;
- atelectasis of the lung caused by blockage of the lung with a stopper of mucous origin;
- bronchiectatic disease;
- bronchial asthma;
- ENT diseases - organs: sinusitis, otitis, purulent, otitis, catarrhal, sinusitis ;
- cystic fibrosis (only when conducting complex treatment);
- viscous contents in the respiratory tract, resulting from injuries and surgical procedures.
Acetylcysteine is not prescribed for hypersensitivity to additional components or the main active element. The age from which the reception of funds is allowed - 2 years. It is forbidden to use during breastfeeding and pregnant women. Increased caution when taking applies to people with peptic ulcer disease, pulmonary hemorrhage, diseases of the adrenal glands, asthma (possible bronchospasm), low blood pressure, malfunction of the kidneys and liver, phenylketonuria, esophageal varices.
Dosing and Administration
The powder must be applied after a meal. The contents of the individual bag must be dissolved in half a glass of warm water, mix thoroughly and drink immediately. The solution is not to be stored. For adults, use one package containing acetylcysteine at a dosage of 200 mg 2 or 3 times a day. Children from 2 to 14 years old receive 1 sachet twice a day. For the treatment of chronic conditions in adults, the contents of 2 - 3 packets are taken in 1 or 2 doses. In children 2 - 14 years old, the correct dosage is ½ of the contents of the bag three times a day. Another treatment regimen for cystic fibrosis with acetylcysteine. In the treatment of this condition in children 2–6 years old, half of the package is used four times a day. After 6 years, 1 packet is prescribed 3 times in 24 hours.
Acute uncomplicated diseases require a weekly course of treatment with acetylcysteine. Chronic conditions are treated for a long time, sometimes monthly courses.
Sometimes such adverse manifestations may appear: rash, allergic reactions, feverish conditions, itchy skin, stomatitis, nausea, drowsiness, vomiting. The appearance of bronchospasm is mainly observed in patients with increased bronchial reactivity. In case of accidental overdose, heartburn or pain in the stomach, diarrhea, vomiting may occur.
It is not recommended to mix Acetylcysteine with other drugs. When dissolving the powder from the bag, only glassware is used. Do not perform dissolution in metal containers. Do not allow the contents of the bag to contact with rubber, easily oxidizing components, as well as oxygen.
Special care is needed in the appointment of the drug Acetylcysteine in patients with an increased likelihood of bronchospasm. In case of its development bronchodilators are appointed. The drug Acetylcysteine is incompatible with antibiotics and proteolytic enzymes. If there is a need to take these drugs, then after taking acetylcysteine, it is required to withstand at least 2 hours. The parallel use of antitussive drugs annuls the effect of acetylcysteine. Due to the strong suppression of the cough center, sputum will be retained in the body and its elimination is significantly more difficult. You need to know that the drug Acetylcysteine significantly increases the vasodilating effect of nitroglycerin, and also reduces the damaging effect of paracetamol.
Terms and conditions of storage
Storage of the drug does not cause difficulties. Bags should be stored at an average temperature of about 25 degrees Celsius away from children in a dark place. Term shelf life 2 years. OTC Vacation.
The drug has analogues. These are ACC, ACC Long, Mucobene, Fluimucil and many others.
Acetylcysteine powder for solution for oral administration 200 mg, 20 pcs. - from 637 rubles.