Acetylcysteine: instructions for use
Acetylcysteine is a drug in the form of a white powder with a slight yellowish tinge. It is used for catarrhal diseases, which are accompanied by a cough. Is a mucolytic. Promotes rapid and effective liquefaction of sputum by stimulating its volume. Significantly simplifies the withdrawal of phlegm from the body. Active with purulent diseases of the broncho - pulmonary system. Has a slight anti-inflammatory effect. The maximum values of the drug Acetylcysteine in the blood are reached after 3 hours after ingestion.
Form of issue and composition
Acetylcysteine is produced in powder form. It is intended for preliminary dissolution in water with the subsequent use orally. In each package, the active substance content of acetylcysteine reaches 0.2 grams. In addition to the active element, additional substances are included in the medicinal product: aspartame, flavor additive, lactose monohydrate, citric acid, sodium bicarbonate.
The carton pack of the preparation can contain 10 or 20 packs. It shows data on the production series and the term of validity. Inside the box is an instruction with a detailed description of the drug.
Indications for use
Powder Acetylcysteine should be used in such painful conditions:
- Diseases of respiratory organs;
- Increased sputum formation by mucopurulent or viscous consistency;
- Tracheitis, developed as a result of an infection provoked by a viral or bacterial pathogen;
- Emphysema of the lungs;
- Bronchitis chronic and acute;
- Atelectasis of the lung, which has arisen due to obstruction of the lung with a stopper of mucous origin;
- Bronchoectatic disease;
- Bronchial asthma;
- Diseases of the ENT - organs: sinusitis, otitis purulent, otitis catarrhal, maxillary sinusitis ;
- Cystic fibrosis (only with complex treatment);
- Viscous contents in the airways, formed after injuries and surgical manipulations.
Acetylcysteine is not assigned with increased sensitivity to additional components or the main acting element. The age at which the funds are accepted is 2 years. Do not use when breastfeeding and pregnant women. Increased caution in the treatment of people with peptic ulcer disease, pulmonary hemorrhage, adrenal diseases, asthma (possible bronchospasm), low blood pressure, malfunction in the kidney and liver, phenylketonuria, varicose veins of the esophagus.
Dosing and Administration
Powder should be used after eating. The contents of the individual packet must be dissolved in half a glass of warm water, mix thoroughly and drink immediately. The solution is not subject to storage. For adults, use one package containing acetylcysteine at a dosage of 200 mg 2 or 3 times a day. Admission of children from 2 to 14 years is carried out on 1 packet twice a day. For the treatment of chronic conditions in adults, the contents of 2 to 3 packets are taken in 1 or 2 doses. In children 2 to 14 years, the correct dosage is ½ of the contents of the sachet three times a day. Another scheme of treatment of cystic fibrosis with acetylcysteine. In the treatment of this condition in children 2 to 6 years, half of the package is used four times a day. After 6 years is assigned to 1 package 3 times for 24 hours.
Acute uncomplicated diseases require a weekly course of treatment with Acetylcysteine. Chronic conditions are treated for a long time, sometimes monthly courses.
Sometimes such adverse manifestations may appear: rash, allergic reactions, febrile conditions, skin itching, stomatitis, nausea, drowsiness, vomiting. The appearance of bronchospasm is mainly observed in patients with increased bronchial reactivity. If an accidental overdose can occur: heartburn or pain in the stomach, diarrhea, vomiting.
It is not recommended to mix Acetylcysteine with other medicinal substances. When the powder is dissolved from the package, only glassware is used. Do not dissolve in metal containers. The contact of the contents of the sachet with rubber, easily oxidized components, and also with oxygen is inadmissible.
Particular caution is needed when prescribing Acetylcysteine to patients who have an increased likelihood of having bronchospasm. In the case of its development, bronchodilators are prescribed. The drug Acetylcysteine is incompatible with antibiotics and proteolytic enzymes. If there is a need for taking these drugs, then after taking acetylcysteine, you need to stand for at least 2 hours. The concurrent use of antitussive drugs nullifies the action of acetylcysteine. Due to strong suppression of the cough center, sputum will be retained in the body and its excretion will be significantly hampered. It is necessary to know that the drug Acetylcysteine significantly increases the vasodilator effect of nitroglycerin, and also reduces the damaging effect of paracetamol.
Terms and conditions of storage
Storage of the drug does not cause difficulties. The bags should be stored at an average air temperature of about 25 degrees Celsius away from children in a dark place. The expiration date is 2 years. Over-the-counter vacation.
Analogues of Acetylcysteine
The drug has analogs. These are ATSTS, ACTS Long, Mukobene, Fluimutsil and many others.
Price for Acetylcysteine
Acetylcysteine powder for solution for oral administration 200 mg, 20 pcs. - from 637 rubles.